Qutub Minar – Delhi Sightseeing
Qutub-ud-din Aibak, the first Muslim ruler of Delhi, commenced the construction of the Qutub Minar in 1200 AD. But could only finish the basement. His successor, Iltutmish, added three more storeys, and in 1368, Firoz Shah Tughlaq constructed the fifth and the last storey.
The 238 feet Qutab Minar is 47 feet at the base and tapers to nine feet at the apex. The tower is ornamented by bands of inscriptions and by four projecting balconies supported by elaborately decorated brackets.
Even in ruin, the Quwwat Ul Islam (Light of Islam) Mosque in the Qutub complex is one of the most magnificent in the world. Its construction was started by Qutub-ud-din Aibak in 1193 and the mosque was completed in 1197. Additions were made to the building by Iltutmish in 1230 and Alla-ud-din Khilji in 1315.
Red Fort –Delhi Sightseeing
Red Fort is one amongst the foremost splendid palaces within the world. India’s history is additionally closely linked with this fort. It had been conjointly from its ramparts that the primary prime. Minister of Bharat, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, proclaimed to the state that Bharat was free form colonial rule.
The Diwani-I-Am is the Red Fort’s hall of the public audience. Designed of arenaceous rock lined with shell plaster polished to appear like ivory, the 80 x 40 feet hall is subdivided by columns. The Mughal emperors would hold court here and meet dignitaries and foreign emissaries. The foremost imposing feature of the Diwqani-I-Am is that the niche within the back wall. Wherever the emperor weekday in the state on a richly lapidarian and adorned marble platform. Within the recess behind the platform are fine samples of Italian pietra-dura work.
Purana Quila – Delhi Sightseeing
Covering a circuit of about a mile. the walls of the fort have three gates and are surrounded by a mat fed by the river Yamuna.
The wall was built by Humayun while the buildings in the fort are attributed to Sher Shar. The notable buildings that have survived in the fort are the Sher Mandal, the Quila-I-kholina Mosque. Sher Mandal could be a 2 storey octagonal tower that was used by Humayun as his library. The mosque, designed around 1541-42, could be a landmark in Indo Muslim design.
The doorway arch is of marble. the spandrels of red arenaceous rock decorate with marble bossed, the columns and pilasters of black and white marble.
Jantar Mantar – Delhi Sightseeing
Under patronage from the emperor, he set on himself the task of correcting the prevailing astronomical tables and change the almanac with a lot of reliable instruments. Delhi’s Jantar Mantar is that the initial of the 5 observatories that he built with giant masonry instruments.
At first sight, the Jantar Mantar seems like a gallery of recent art. It is, however, an observatory. Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur (1699-1743), a keen astronomer and a noble in the Mughal court, dissatisfied by the errors of brass and metal astronomical instruments.
The observatory has the Samrat Yantra, a simple equal hour sundial, the Ram yantra for reading altitudinal angles; Jai Prakash for ascertaining the position of the sun and other celestial bodies, and also the Misra Yantra that could be a combination of 4 scientific gadgets.
Humayun’s Tomb – Delhi Sightseeing
The first mature example of Mughal design in the Republic of India, Humayun’s spot was designed by the emperor’s widow, Haji Begum, in 1565 AD. The Mughals brought with them a love for gardens, fountains, and water. Constructed with red arenaceous rock and ornate marks the start of a replacement tradition of ornate vogue that culminated within the Taj Mahal of Agra.
Designed by the Persian creator, Mirza Ghiyas, Humayun’s spot shows a marked shift from the Persian tradition of using colored tiles for ornamentation. In addition to the remains of Humayun, the advanced additionally home the grave of the many different distinguished members of the Mughal dynasty.
Jama Masjid – Delhi Sightseeing
Work on the Jama place of worship house of God begun in 1650 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to enrich his palace at the Red Fort. over 5,000 staff toiled for 6 years to complete the most important house of God in the Republic of India. each Fri, the emperor and his suite would travel in state from the fort to the house of God to attend the legislature prayers.
The main house of God topped by 3 onion formed domes made from white marble and adorned with stripes of black slate. On the north and south of the complicated ar 2 a hundred thirty feet high minarets which provide a spectacular bird’s eye view of the town. Jama place of worship isn’t solely architecturally lovely.
Safdarjung’s Tomb – Sightseeing
Built-in 1753 by Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula to house the remains of his father. Who was a minister in the Mughal court, the tomb is referred to as the “last flicker in the lamp of Mughal architecture.”
It shows, however, the grace and ease of the Mughals overtaken by abasement. The place additionally has a masjid. Representing the last section of the Mughal sort of design. Safdarjung’s place stands within the center of an intensive garden.
India Gate – Sightseeing
Located on Rajpath, the road that ends up in the splendid Rashtrapati Bhawan. The gate is 160 sixty feet high with an arch of 138 feet.
Built as a memorial to commemorate the 70,000 Indian soldiers killed in World War I. India Gate was design by Sir Edwin Lutyens and completed in 1931.
Engineered from arenaceous rock, the arch additionally homes the Eternal Flame. A gesture in memory of the Indian troopers who ordered their lives in the 1971 war with Pakistan.
Rashtrapati Bhavan – Sightseeing
At one time, 2,000 people were required to look after the building and serve the Viceroy’s household. The lodge also has an impressive garden called the Mughal Garden. Which is open to the public twice in a year, usually in February and March.
Formerly the Viceregal Lodge. The building is the highlight of Lutyens New Delhi. It completed in 1929 at a cost of 12,53,000 pound sterling. Located in an area of 130 hectares, the palace has 340 rooms.
Rajghat – Sightseeing
A simple open platform inscribed with the Mahatma’s last words. ‘Hey Ram’ is about in an exceedingly garden with fountains and a spread of trees. The mortal remains of Mahatma Gandhi cremated on this spot on the west bank of the river Yamuna on the evening of January 31, 1948.
Lakshmi Narayan Mandir – Delhi Sightseeing
Built-in 1938, the temple is a perfect introduction to a number of the gods of the Bharat pantheon. The temple contains an oversized variety of idols and guests can even watch monks playing pattern prayers.