Assam is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati.
Located south of the eastern Himalayas, Assam comprises the Brahmaputra and the Barak river valleys and the Karbi Anglong and the North Cachar Hills.
With an area of 78,438sqkm Assam currently is almost equivalent to the size of Ireland or Austria.
Ancient Assam was known as Kamarupa and was ruled by many powerful dynasties.
The Varman dynasty and the Xalostombho dynasty led Kamrupa as a strong ancient kingdom.
During the rule of the greatest of the Varman kings, Bhaskarvarman, a contemporary of Harshavardhana of Kanauj, the Chinese traveler Xuan Zang visited the region and recorded his travels.
Assamese culture is traditionally a hybrid one, developed due to cultural assimilation of different ethnocultural groups under various politico-economic systems in different periods of pre-history and history.