Karnataka is the eighth largest state of India and is situated on the western edge of the Deccan plateau in south India. The location of the state is such that the Western Ghats rises in the east and the cool blue waters of the Arabian Sea lie to the west. Karnataka has a 320 km long coastline with unspoilt beaches, magnificent temples, lush green gardens, exquisite palaces, and sparkling waterfalls.
Karnataka takes you to the real world of adventure. People who square measure keenly inquisitive about activities like watercourse rafting, mountaineering, trekking, and paragliding can realize tremendous opportunities to indulge their adventurous aspect after they travel to Karnataka.
Karnataka has rightly been named the ‘Cradle of stone architecture’ – it has a profusion of monuments, including the temples of Badami and Aihole, domes and minarets of Bijapur, the World Heritage Center at Pattadakal.
Karnataka displays a remarkable contrast with the rapid growth of the IT industry at one end and vast expanses of rural farming at the other. Apart from being a major producer of coffee, sandalwood, spices, and betelnut, the state is also known for its silk weaving industry.
Places to visit in Karnataka
An cool town, a garden town, the Silicon Valley of Bharat, the quickest developing town within the world, these are a number of the attributes accustomed describe this stunning town that contains a heap to supply you. A dynamic Happening town, with myriad cultural events organized each evening, you’ll be able to choose between a geographical region vocal concert, of a Carnatic Veena recital, or fusion music to pure western music genre, a play, or associate exhibition of a far-famed painter. you’ll be able to style of city. however the cognoscenti will take his decide from any of the multicuisine restaurants of town, city is additionally called town of Golf Courses.
Bangalore has a population of more than 56 lakhs. Besides Kannada, that is that the official language of the state, Bangaloreans also are snug with English, Hindi, Tamil, Telegu, etc.
How to Reach Bangalore:Bangalore is very well connected by Air, Rail and road, with all metros of the country. Bangalore air-port has also become an international Air-port.
Climate in Bangalore:The air-conditioned city of India, enjoys salubrious climate throughout this year, with a maximum temperature of 37 C and minimum 16C.
Badami additionally has eighteen inscriptionsranging from the sixth to the sixteenth century. once you’ve got exclaimed over the gorgeous sculptures and loved the exquisite carvings, stop by at the depository established by the anthropology Survey of Republic of India.
Rock-cut cave temples, gateways, forts, inscriptions, sculptures that appear to return alive beneath your eyes… Badami must be seen to be believed. Climb a flight of steps to achieve the traditional caves all hewn out of sand stone on the drop of a hill. The capital of the first Chalukyas, Badami (also referred to as Vatapi), is picturesquely placed at the mouth of a vale between 2 rocky hills.
There are four caves here. the primary 3 belong to the religious writing religion and also the fourth cave is that the solely Jainist temple in Badami. Enter the primary cave temple past Shiva’s door keepers and there he’s ! The eighteen armed Nataraja stricking eighty one dance poses !
The largest and most decorative is that the third cave temple dedicated to Vishnu. Here are some splendid carvings of the Hindu Pantheon. Narasimha the 0.5-man half Lion avatar of Vishnu Hari Hara, the composite god WHO is half-Shiva and half-Vishnu. Vishnu Narayana sitting further as reclining on the snake Shesh or Ananta (Eternity )… There are some painting on the ceiling and marvellous bracket figures on the piers. a bit to the east of this shrin, on prime of a formation could be a Jainist temple. Here you’ll realize several Jainist deities and a large figure of Parshwanatha. high the cave temples could be a reservoir dotted with temples dedicated to Vishnu and Shiva. additionally a requirement are the Bhutanatha temples that lend their name to the lake simply below the cave temples.
Take a dip during this inexperienced tranquil lake. it’s aforementioned to own healing properties. in line with a preferred story, King Kushataraya was cured of infectious disease here.
Places of Interest in Badami: Cave Temple: The capital of the early Chalukyas, Badami is, rather picturesquely located at the mouth of a ravine, between two rocky hills. Badami is famous for its four cave temples – all hewn out of sandstone on the precipice of a hill. In its ancient temples and forts, Badami preserves an important chapter in the history of architecture, in Karnataka.
Languages Spoken: Kannada, Hindi, English.
Best Time To Visit: Anytime from October to February.
How to Reach Badami
By Air: The nearest airport is Belgaum (150 km).
By Rail: Badami is on the Hubli-Sholapur rail route.
By Road: Badami is connected by road with Hubli (128 km), Bijapur (163 km) and Bangalore (550 km).
If you travel 139 km away from Bangalore you will reach the home of richly carved temples, palaces. The ‘Palace of the Maharaja’ with its magnificent architecture is worth a visit.Mysore is over palaces, parks and temples … the exotic fragrance of Mysore Jasmine… the melodious strains of the Veena… the made aroma of filter coffee… ancient carvings on odoriferous wood, rosewood and ivory … the rustle of made silks … delicious Nanjangud bananas … Hot ‘N’ Spicy Bisi-bele-hulianna … mouthwatering Mysore Pak, a standard confection … it’s a gourmet’s delight and a Shopper’s paradise. sponsor Cauvery Handicrafts retail store or within the very little backstreets and bylanes that provide some exciting bargains. Mysore return, expertise it for yourself.
Steeped in History Mysore, capital town of the Wodeyars. Adobe of much grandeur and glory, wherever the made heritage of the Wodeyars is fastidiously preserved to the present day in its brilliant places, superbly laid-out gardens, imposing buildings, board shady avenues and sacred temples.
There’s Associate in Nursing recent world charm regarding the town that reaches out and leaves nobody untouched. Mysore, or Mahishur because it was known as then, traces its history back to the legendary past, once Godess Chamundeshwari of Chamundi Hills killed the wicked buffalo-headed Demon, Mahishasura.
Mysore Dasara is that the celebration of this ending of excellent over evil. Mysore conjointly has associations with the Mahabharatam and King Ashoka of the third century B.C. throughout the Wodeyar rule Mysore reached the celestial point of its glory as a legendary centre of oriental splendour.
Pomp and Pageantry Relived return to Mysore in October once the tranquil town awakens to 10 days of Dasara festivities. bright lit up Palaces, embellished arches, festooned streets, vibrant costumes and cultural shows…classical music, people dances, Bharata Natyam, Yakshagana, Huthari, Torch lightweight Parade, Theppotsava… The end result is that the legendary Mysore Dasara Procession with clothed elephants, the golden houdah, embellished horses, stately coaches, troops in ceremonial uniforms, people dancers and vibrant floats.
Places of Interest in Mysore: Mysore Palace, Chamundi Hills, St. Philomena’s Church, Mysore Zoo, Sri Jayachmarajendra Art Gallery, Srirangapatna, Ranganathittu, Brindavan Gardens, Melkote, Somnathapur.
Bijapur’s Gol Gumbaz
BaGol Gumbaz boasts of the second largest dome within the world. forty four meters in diameter, this dome forms a sensitive echo-chamber. The slightest whisper echoes seven times over and also the tick of a clock command at one finish is clearly detected at the other end – one hundred twenty five feet away ! however there’s a great deal a lot of to Bijapur.
On the western outskirts of town lies the sepulcher of Ibrahim Adil crowned head II – Ibrahim Roza, aforesaid to possess galvanized the Taj Mahal in urban center. clasp one,16,300 sq. feet is that the Jumma place of worship – “one of the best mosques in India”.
Here, during a lovely mihrab -covered by a significant curtain – are verses of the sacred writing, fantastically inscribed in letters of gold. Malik-e-Maidan – the biggest medieval cannon within the world – is fourteen feet long, deliberation regarding fifty five tons.
Gol Gumbaj, Karnakata ToursLegend has it that if you bit the gun and create a want, it’ll return true ! Bijapur is jam-packed with such legends. liked the one encompassing Afzal Khan’s Centaph. it’s aforesaid that Afzal Khanstarted the development of his own place in his period. however eventually couldn’t be buried here.
You could pay days exploring Bijapur. Wandering round the Arakilla, the Anand Mahal, the Mehtar Mahal, the Bara Kaman, the Gagan Mahal, the Amin Durgah, the Assar Mahal, the Chota Asar, the Faroukh Mahal, the Jahz Mahal, the Jod Gumbaz… taking note of the quaint Deccan idiom.
Sampling the spicy curry with jowar rotis. And packing a bunch of pleasant reminiscences to hold back home.
Language Spoken: Kanada, Urdu, English, Hindi.
Local Food Specialities: Non – vegetarian preparations distinctly Mughalai or Hyderabadi.
When to go Bijapur: Bijapur is extremely hot in the summer. September to February would be the best time to visit the Queen of Deccan.
How to Reach Bijapur
By Air: The nearest airport is Belgaum (205 kms).
By Rail: Bijapur is connected by rail to Bangalore, Bombay, (via sholapur) Hospet (via Gadag) and Vasco da Gama (via Hubli Londa).
By Road: Bijapur is connected by road to most places in south and west India. These are: · Aihole (129 kms) · Badami (132 kms) · Pattadakal (148 kms) · Hampi (220 kms) · Belgaum (205 kms) · Bangalore (550 kms) · Bombay (486 kms).
Karnataka’s cultural heritage is as fabulous as its glorious history. The various dynasties that ruled this resource bounty lands are known as much for their heroic deeds and administrative acumen as for their deep, discerning love for the arts. This penchant of the long line of rulers for art manifests as indelibly in the sculptural edifices dotting the sprawling, verdant landscape as in the patronage they extended to performing arts like theatre, dance and music.
This glorious cultural quest had reached its zenith during the reign of the legendary Krishnadeva Raya (1509 – 1529 AD). His many splendoured empire Vijayanagara was reputed for its plenty and prosperity in all aspects of life on earth, rightly referred to even to this day as the Golden Age of Karnataka.
The capital of this unforgettable empire was the historic city of Hampi. With its vibrant economy witnessed as vividly in its happy populace as in the pompous cultural life, it verily was a paradise on earth. In the oft-quoted words of the then Persian Ambassador Abdul Razak : “…… the eye has not seen nor the ear heard of any place resembling it upon the whole earth”. Indeed, the vestiges of its ruined forts, lovely temples, luxurious baths, ornate palaces, perennial irrigation canals and busy bazaars sing the glory of that dream capital of one of the greatest empires. India has ever known. Demingo Paes, a Portuguese visitor of the times goes into raptures as he extols, “Each day is more splendid than the last. And when these amusements are ended, they begin to throw up many rockets and many different sorts of fires, also castles that burn and fling out from themselves many bombs and rockets”. One may only imagine the vista as a fantasia, comparable only with the mythical world of Indra !
Reference like this to this once-opulent town are plenty in the annals of Indian history. As names by which the empire of Vijaynagar was known. It is described as the most celebrated of the medieval metropolises of the times.
Hampi had few parallels in the world both for its orderly administration and artistic achievements. The fabled metropolis was indeed unsurpassed for its affluence, magnificence and spread out splendour.
This paradise on earth, undulated with rocks all round and bathed by the gurgling waters of the Tunga-Bhadra, is spread over an area of 26 sq.kms. It was a city that was synonymous with plenty and prosperity. In the words of Nuniz, another Portuguese visitor, it was “the best provided city in the world”.
After Krishnadeva Raya, alas the Kingdom disintegrated, the regal city of Hampi itself running into ruins. It is in the fitness of things that another dynasty as celebrated as Vijaynagar, should have continued that cultural grandeur in the famous Mysore Dasara. That was the Wodeyar dynasty crowned by such illustrious maharajas like Raja Wodeyar, Kanteerava Narasimharaja Wodeyar and, last but not the least, Krishnaraja Wodeyar the Fourth.
With the abolition of the princely order, all that pomp and pageantry would have naturally come to an end. But no, the Government and people of Karnataka would not have it. The inheritors of the glorious tradition, they have made concerted efforts to revive and re-live that glory, that marvel in all its glitter and gaiety, The annual Hampi festival has become as major an attraction as the Mysore Dasara. The environs of this Utsav slated for November 3, 4 and 5 every year is the same legendary town of Hampi in Bellary district.
Though the whole city goes gay on the festive occasion, the actual festivities are held in four different locations. Each presents a variety of entertainment which includes folk dances, wrestling, classical music and dance recitals and plays. It culminates in a colourful procession through the bedecked streets of the city. Well-known personalities in the field of performing and plastic arts, sportsmen and women and literatures join in the great event to make it a memorable occasion, and an experience worth living again and again!
Languages Spoken: Kannada, Hindi, English. When to go there. October to March.
How to Reach Hampi:
By Air: The nearest Airport is Bellary (74 kms). Other convenient airports are at Belgaum (190 kms) and Bangalore(353 kms).
By Rail : Hospet is the nearest railhead (13 kms). Hospet is linked by rail to Bangalore, Bijapur, Hubli and Guntakal.
By Road :Hampi is 350 kms from Bangalore.
Hassan is called “Poor Man’s Ooty”. Ooty could be a standard vacation hill station in Asian nation. It hosts the Master Control Facility of India’s space programme.
Channakeshava Temple Belur: The Channakeshava temple at Belur, which was (the earlier Capital of Hoysala Kingdom) built by the emperor Vishnuvardhana, during 1117 AD to commemorate his conversion from Jainism to Vaishnavism, has attracted connoisseurs of art the globe over, through its tangled sculpting wonders. The temple built on a podium of star shaped platform has outer walls which are far famed for the ‘beautiful shilabalikas’ carved out of stone. Their beauty is the inspiration for many odes. The pillars in the ‘Navaranga’ of the temple are stunning. The 650 charging elephants on the frieze round the walls outside are all completely different from one another. The exotic bracket figures (Madanikas) on the walls of this temple are serene, playful enhancing the overall effect of this pinnacle of architectural excellence.
Inside even in the darkness, you can see the hand-lathe-turned shining pillars, each unique in its own splendor. On the smooth circular platform in front of the shine, you can see the beautiful Shanthala devi, queen of King Vishnuvardhana.
How to reach there
It is about 38 Km from Hassan. Regular Bus services and tourist taxies are available from Hassan.
Belur- Halebid: 38 kms from Hassan in Belur. 17 km east of Belur is Halebid. The best example of Hoysala architecture built in the 12th century, it is sheer profusion of stone sculptures. Awe inspiring craftsmanship has left no stone blank. Inside are hand lathe turned pillars.
Koramangala: Also called Koravangala in Dudda Hubli of Hassan taluk is about 8 kms to the East of Hassan town. The village contains three temples in the Hoysala style of architecture built in the 12th century A.D.
Shravanabelagola: Said to be the world’s tallest monolithic statue, it is in dedication to Prince Bahubali, a Jain Saint. The anointment ceremony is performed once in 12 years.
Kondajji: A village in Hassan taluk noted for the Chennakeshava temple.
Gorur: A dam and picnic spot.
Manjarabad: Fort, picnic spot.
Ramnathpur: A piligrim centre.
Bandipur Wildlife Sanctuary: If you travel about 80kms south of Mysore on the Mysore-Ooty highway, you will reach this Tiger reserve which has open forests and facilities for viewing wildlife from elephant back.
Brindaban Gardens: These are exquisite ornamental gardens at Krishnarajasagar Dam 19 km from Mysore; the main attraction is the ‘dancing musical fountains’.
Mangalore: Deriving its name from Goddess ‘MangalDevi’, Mangalore is a city famous for Jain Temples, Music Gallery, Saib Mosque and various other tourist spots.
Golden Palms Spa: Is a perfect recreational paradise offering aqua therapy, ayurvedic, cosmetic surgery, fitness programs, and other kinds of treatments for a complete fitness tour.
Jog falls: Formed by the river Sharavati, the grandeur of the 253m high falls is best appreciated by a tour during and after the monsoon.
Udupi: It is an open Square surrounded by temples and maths located at 381 km from Bangalore. It is also world famous for its delicious cuisine and Udupi restaurants.
Hubli: This center of the Indian textile industry is situated 420 kms from Bangalore. It is also a major junction for Mumbai, Bangalore and Goa.