Kerala

Kerala

Things to do - general

 

Kerala is actually the undiscovered Asian nation. it’s God’s own country ANd an bewitchingly lovely, emerald-green sliver of land. it’s a tropical paradise removed from the traveler trial at the southwestern dry land tip, sandwiched between the tall mountains and therefore the deep ocean. Kerala may be a long stretch of captivating leafage. The tall exotic coco palm dominates the landscape

Crafts Of Kerala

Kerala Is Famed For Its Carvings, Cast Bell Metal Work, Jewellery, Granite Idols, Pillars, Coir, Coconut Shell Products, Carvings In Wood, Especially Rose Wood Or Sandal Wood, Snake Boat Models And Other Figurines.

Drums Like ‘Chenda’, ‘Maddalam’, ‘Mridangam’ And ‘Edakka’ Are Carved Out Of A Single Piece Logs. Accessories For Kathakali And Other Popular Dance Forms Are Made Out Of Wood Or Papier-mache.

The Bulk Of These Handicrafts Are Exported. Polished Coconut Ashtrays, Lamp Stands, Flower Vases, Coir Carpets And Floor Mats, Reed Mats, Purses, Bags And Carved Wooden Furniture Is Also In Vogue.

Particular Centre For The Art Form

Mannar, In Alappuzha District, Specialises In A Variety Of Cast Bronze, Bell Metal, Copper And Brass Handicrafts Like The Puja Lamps, Statues, Brass Inlaid Flower Vases And Bowls.

The District Is Also Very Popular For Its Coir Products.

The Intricate Aranmula Mirror, Cast From An Alloy Of Copper And Tin Is Made In Aranmula In Pathanamthitta District. Chengannur Near Pathanamthitta, Excels In Granite Carvings, Idols, Pillars, Households And Other Equipments.

Craftsmen In Thiruvananthapuram Make Conch And Sea Shell Items Like Paper Weights And Lamp Shades Besides Rose Wood Elephants.

Thalasserri Specialises In The Making Of Parasols, Which Add Colour To Festivals.In Kasargod, People Make Bags And Bangles With Glass Beads.

Caparisons For Elephants And Other Festival Paraphernalia Are Made In Thiruvankulam In Ernakulam District And The Adjoining Areas Of Thrissur.

Handloom Weaving Is Centred Mainly In Balaramapuram In Thiruvananthapuram And Chennamangalam And Kuthumpally In Northern Kerala.

Handicraft Centers

Main Centers For Shopping

Most Of These Items Are Available At The SMSM Institute, A State Owned Emporium In Thiruvananthapuram. The Jewellery Of Kerala Is Noted For Its Intricate Artistic Quality. Ornaments Are Mostly Made Of Gold. Each Community Or Caste Has Its Own Traditional Designs.

Kerala Mural Paintings

The Murals Of Kerala Bear The Stamp Of Uniqueness In Aesthetic Composition And Technique. Murals Came Into Vogue In Kerala As Early As The 8th Century AD.

The Most Antique Murals Of Kerala Are Found In The Thirunandikkara Cave Temple In Thiruvananthapuram District, Now A Part Of Kanya Kumari District Of The Neighbouring State Of Tamil Nadu.

The Temple And Palace Murals Of Kerala Are Invariably Sagas Of Hindu Gods And Goddesses And Visual Poems Of Their Heroic Deeds.

Particular Centre For The Art Form

The Murals In Padmanabhapuram Palace Offer A Feast Of Colours And Motifs For The Connoisseur Of Art. The Triple Storeyed ‘Uppirikka Malika’ Houses The Retiring Chamber Of The King And The Heir Apparent.

The Main Chamber Has Its Inner Walls Decorated With Fine Murals Of Gods And Goddesses. The Central Motif Is Anathapadmanabha, The Chief Deity Of The Erstwhile Travancore Maharajas.

Characteristics

Themes

The Temple And Palace Murals Of Kerala Are Invariably Sagas Of Hindu Gods And Goddesses And Visual Poems Of Their Heroic Deeds.

Colour Schemes

The Murals In Padmanabhapuram Palace Offer A Feast Of Colours And Motifs For The Connoisseur Of Art.The Triple Storeyed ‘Uppirikka Malika’ Houses The Retiring Chamber Of The King And The Heir Apparent.

Performing Arts Centres

Origin

Murals Came Into Vogue In Kerala As Early As The 8th Century AD.

Paintings Of Kerala

Kerala’s Rich Tradition Of Painting Has It’s Roots In The Magnificent Frescoes And Mural Found In The Temples And The Churches Here.

Certain Rituals Like Kalamezhuthu Also Reveal This Tradition Of Painting.

Before The Advent Of Paper And Ink, Natives Used The Palmyra Leaf For Inscriptions And Pictorial Representations.

Performing Arts Centres

There Are Two Major Institutions Of Kerala Where Painting Is Taught As A Subject, Namely, The College Of Fine Arts, Thiruvananthapuram And Ravi Varma School Of Fine Arts, Mavelikkara.

Performers And Artists

In Modern Times, Kerala’s Paintings Attained International Repute With The Works Of Raja Ravi Varma, Who Has Been Described As A ‘Prince’ Among Painters. Prominent Among Those Who Influenced The Growth Of Modern Art, Were K. Madhava Menon And K.C.S. Panicker.

Houseboats of Kerala

Kettuvallams, the seamed boats ar the normal house boats of Kerala. they supply the most effective thanks to expertise the colorful backwaters of Kerala. The Kettuvalloms of Kerala ar big country crafts, measure up to eighty feet long.

The traditional house boat, the indispensable a part of the picturesque backwaters of Kerala, was in the main employed in Travancore and Kochi and within the Minicoy Islands in past times.

The wood usually accustomed create Kettuvalloms is ‘Anhili’, that is found in abundance in central Travancore space. massive planks ar tied along victimization handcrafted fiber ropes and overwhelmed coconut fibres.

This gives the Kettuvallams enough strength to resist serious waves within the ocean. These long load boats ar a well-recognized sight on the backwaters. These ancient house boats beyond question type one among the foremost imperishable pictures of the backwaters in Kerala.

Today, these merchandise carriers are custom-made to create the foremost exciting business enterprise product in Asian country, the high equipped house boat. Kettuvallams or the ‘house-boats of Kerala’ dot the serene palm-fringed backwaters of Kerala.

Kerala Luxury House Boats

The House boats of Kerala ar reborn into floating luxury dwelling house units.

These house boats ar out there altogether sizes and shapes, the foremost well-liked accommodation kind being a collection, having one or 2 bathtub connected bedrooms, one front room, kitchen, AN open lounge, deck and a crew comprising oarsmen, a cook and guide.

Kerala Backwaters House Boats

A sojourn in Kettuvallams, the House boats of Kerala, offers a position of 1 of the foremost picturesque aspects of the God’s Own Country.

One will cruise in it through the palm-fringed backwaters, throughout an evening in waxing moonlights.

The lullaby of the waves and therefore the dazzling delights of the moonlit night may be veteran by disbursal a handful of nights aboard the Kettuvallam. the normal house boat of Kerala is one among the foremost enduring pictures of the backwaters.

Kerala Adventure & Activities

Kerala Is Amidst The Western Ghats Rugged Mountains And The Arabian Sea Turquoise Waters That It Presents A Suitable Topography For Adventure Activities. Rock Climbing, Camping In The Wild, River Rafting, Trekking, White Water Surfing , Cross Country Biking And Jeep Safaris Are Some Of The Activities That Make Your Adrenaline Pumping.

Biking Can Enjoy The Kerala Fascinating Routes Through The Countryside And See Village Folks. Winding Roads Take Bikers To Scenic Tea Plantations Or Local Bazaars And Charming Towns. A Leisurely Biking Excursion Offers High Intensity Adventure.

Trekking In Kerala Is Suitable For People Who Love Challenges. This State Has Lush Tropical Forests And Mighty Mountains. The Rainforests Are Also Invigorating Trekking Trails. The Trek Duration May Comprise Of Just Half A Day Or Even Multiple Days That Includes Participants Fitness And Camping. The Best Trekking Destinations Are Chembra Peak, Thenmala, Agasthyarkoodam, Periyar And Munnar.

Jeep Safaris Offers An Exhilarating Experience With Family. This Is A Delight For Wildlife Photographers And Adventure Lovers. Camping In The Wild Is A Way To Appreciate The Charm And Beauty Of Nature.

Camping And Enjoying Snuggling Into Sleeping Bags, Is A Way Of Experiencing The Thrill Of Life. It Offers An Incomparable Experience In The Wilderness. You Can Carry Non-perishable Goods Such As Nuts And Dried Fruits.

Rock Climbing, River Rafting, Kayaking And Canoeing Are Some Of The Adventure Filled Activities That You Never Know When Time Flies Away.

Ayurveda And Yoga

It’s Called The Science Of Life. Ancient Historical Records Put Its Age At More Than 5000 Years. The Ancient Wisdom Of This Healing System Has Surpassed The Test Of Time, Proving That Its Philosophy Of Healing Has Magical Results. Welcome To The World Of Ayurveda, The Ultimate Panacea.

Though Ayurveda Is Practiced All Over India Its Practice Is Followed As Per Age Old Traditions And Disciplines Only In Kerala Where It Originated And Was Passed On From Generation To Generation Through Ayurveda Physicians. This Ancient Science Focuses On Creating Health As Well As Curing Disease, And Takes Into Account The Patient’s Entire Being – Body, Mind And Spirit.

Pronounced Eye-yer-vay-duh, Ayurveda Is The Art Of Healthy Living That Enables You To Create Harmony In Daily Life By Applying Self-knowledge And Self-care. The Word Ayurveda Originates From The Ancient Indian Language, Sanskrit, And Literally Means Knowledge Of Life (ayur = Life, Veda = Science). Inherent In Ayurvedic Principles Is The Concept That You Are Capable Of Taking Charge Of Your Own Life And Healing.

The Ayurvedic Approach To Life Involves Listening To And Addressing The Unique Needs Of Your Body, Recognizing And Balancing Your Mental And Emotional States And Deepening Your Connection With Your Spirit. Ayurveda Recognises Three Main Energies That Combine To Form All Things In The Universe. These Are Recognised As Being Fundamental To All Life And Are Seen In The Processes Of Growth, Maintenance And Decay.

Ayurveda Calls These Energies Vata, Pitha And Kapha. In Western Sciences, They Are Called Anabolism, Metabolism And Catabolism. These Energies Combine In Limitless Ways To Create The Unique Qualities Of Each Individual. When You Become Aware Of These Qualities Within Yourself, You Take The First Steps Towards Creating A Healthy Life.

Ayurveda Assists You In Identifying These Energies In Your Body And Shows You How To More Fully Experience Their Gifts And To Gain Freedom From Their Limitations. According To Ayurveda, Once You Are Familiar With This You Can Bring Balance To The Body Through The Foods You Eat And How You Eat Them, Daily Practices Including Exercise, Rest And Massage, And Fivesense Therapies Using Taste, Touch, Sight, Smell And Sound. There Are Four Main Classifications Of Management Of Disease In Ayurveda: Shodan (cleansing); Shaman (palliation); Rasayana (rejuvenation), And Satvajaya (mental Hygiene).

The Treatment Mainly Comprises Of Powders, Tablets, Decoctions (boiled Teas) And Medicated Oils Prepared From Natural Herbs, Plants And Minerals. Because The Medicines Are Made From Natural Sources And Not Synthetic, They Are Accepted And Assimilated In The Body Without Creating Any Side Effects. Medicine, Proper Diet, Exercise And Life Style Are Also Advised.

Treatments Under Ayurveda

Panchakarma

Panchakarma Literally Means “five Actions” Or “five Treatments”. This Is A Process Used To Clean The Body Of Toxic Materials Left By Disease And Poor Nutrition. According To Ayurveda Imbalanced Doshas Create Waste Matter. Panchakarma Removes Excess Doshas (or Imbalances In The Dosha) By Means Such As Sweat Glands, Urinary Tract, Intestines, Etc. Thus, Panchakarma Is A Balancing Operation. It Involves Daily Massage And Oil Baths And Is An Extremely Pleasant Experience. Ayurveda Recommends Panchakarma As A Seasonal Treatment For Toning Your Mind Body System.

Sweat Treatments (swedana)

Sweating Leads The Doshas To Fluidity, Making It Easier For It To Flow Out Of The System. It Opens Up The Pores And Rids The Body Of Impurities Through The Sweat Glands. This Is Achieved By Active Heating Done Within A Well Heated Chamber, Medicated Steam, Sauna, Hot Water Bottle, Sunbathing, Exposure To Fire (or Use Of An Infra Red Lamp), Plasters Of Hot Substances Such As Mustard, Hot Baths Or Showers (especially With Medicated Oil Or Water), And Hot Packs.

Oil Massage (Abhiyanga)

Abhiyanga Is A Massage Done By Experienced Massage Therapists Using Herbal Oil. The Oil Is Specially Selected For The Particular Body Constitution. The Process Is Long And Thorough. More Force Is Used To Loosen The Excess Doshas And Direct Them Toward The Organs Of Elimination.

There Is A Related Treatment Called Shirodhara, In Which Warm, Herbalized Sesame Oil Is Dripped In A Stream Onto The Forehead To Profoundly Relax The Nervous System And Balance The Prana Vata, The Dosha That Exerts Control Over The Brain.

Purwakarma

This Breaks Down Into Two Types Of Preparatory Treatment: “Snehana” And “swedana.” Snehana Involves Massaging Herbal Oils Into The Skin To Help Eliminate Toxins. Blended Oils Treat Specific Disorders Such As Stress, Anxiety, Insomnia, Arthritis Or Circulation Problems. Oils Can Also Be Massaged Into The Scalp For Depression, Insomnia And Memory Problems. Snehana Can Sometimes Involve Lying In An Oil Bath, Which Is Thought To Be Even More Effective For You To Absorb The Herbal Oils’ Properties. This Is Combined With Swedana( Described Above) But On Different Days.

Samana (Herbal Remedies)

After Detoxification The Practitioner May Prescribe Herbal Or Mineral Remedies To Correct Imbalances In The Doshas.

Herbal Remedies Are Usually Prescribed In Liquid Form Or As Dried Herbs, Although They Can Also Come As Powder Or Tablets. The Ingredients Are Pre-prepared But The Blends Are Prescribed Individually. Each Ingredient Is Classified By The Effect It Has On Lowering Or Increasing Levels Of The Doshas.

The Treatment Is Elaborate But Effective. It Also Demands Strict Compliance To Diets, Medications And Adherence To Post Treatment Requirements Prescribed By The Ayurveda Physicians For It To Produce Effective Results. Whilst Most Resorts In Kerala Now Have An Ayurveda Centre That Provides General Ayurveda Treatments And Rejuvenation Massages, There Are Specific Ayurveda Centres For Those Seeking Long Term Treatments. For Details Of Ayurveda Resorts In Kerala Please See Pages 189 To 193.

Yoga

The Word Yoga, To Most Of Us, Conjures Up Images Of People Sitting Cross Legged With Closed Eyes And Serene Expressions On Their Faces. To Others Who Have Witnessed More Advanced Yoga Poses It Brings Back Images Of People Tied In Knots. Well, If You Think Impossible Poses Is What Yoga Is About… Think Again.

Yoga Is An Ancient Indian School Of Knowledge And Like Ayurveda, Dates Back To More Than 5 Millennia. The Word ‘Yoga’ Came From The Sanskrit Word ‘yuj’ Which Means ‘to Unite Or Integrate.’ Yoga Is Therefore About The Union Of A Person’s Own Consciousness And The Universal Consciousness.

Ancient Yogis (practitioners Of Yoga) Believed That In Order For Man To Be In Harmony With Himself And His Environment, He Has To Integrate The Body, The Mind, And The Spirit. For These Three To Be Integrated, Emotion, Action, And Intelligence Had To Be In Balance. The Yogis Formulated A Way To Achieve And Maintain This Balance; Which Was Through Exercise, Breathing, And Meditation – The Three Main Yoga Structures.

In Yoga, The Body Is Treated With Care And Respect Since It Is The Main Instrument In Man’s Work And Growth. Yoga Exercises Improve Circulation, Stimulate The Abdominal Organs, And Put Pressure On The Glandular System Of The Body, Which Can Generally Result In Long Term Well Being.

Breathing Techniques Were Developed Based On The Concept That Breathing Is The Source Of Life. In Yoga, Students Gain Breathing Control As They Slowly Increase Their Breathing. By Focusing On Their Breathing, They Prepare Their Minds For The Next Step – Meditation.

There Is Also This Great Misconception That When Meditating Ones Mind Has To Go Completely Blank. It Doesn’t Have To Be So. In Meditation, Students Bring The Activities Of The Mind Into Focus Resulting In A ‘quiet’ Mind. By Designing Physical Poses And Breathing Techniques That Develop Awareness Of Our Body, Yoga Helps Us Focus And Relieves Us From Our Everyday Stress.

Six Branches Of Yoga

There Are Six Main Branches Of Yoga Which Are As Follows:

  1. Hatha Yoga Or Yoga Of Postures
  2. Bhakti Yoga Or Yoga Of Devotion
  3. Raja Yoga Or Yoga Of Self-Control
  4. Jnana Yoga Or Yoga Of The Mind
  5. Karma Yoga Or Yoga Of Service
  6. Tantra Yoga Or Yoga Of Rituals

Yoga Being A Word That Creates Visions Of Mystic Chants And Spirituality, There Are A Lot Of Misconceptions About It, One Of Them Being That Yoga Is Connected To Religion. In Fact Yoga Has Nothing To Do With Religion. It Is More Of A Set Of Techniques Which Can Help Us To Find Spirituality.

Being Synonymous With Words Like Peace And Relaxation, Kerala, Is An Ideal Place For Those Seeking Yoga And Meditation.

Kerala Bewitching Backwaters

Kerala Is Filled With Mountains And Hills Joining A Network Of Nearly 40 Rivers And Thereby Has Meandering Canals, Waterways, Estuaries, Streams, Lagoons And Several Other Water Bodies That Are Popular As Backwaters Now.

The Kerala Backwaters To A Stretch Of 400 Miles From The North To The South And Are Definitely The Highlight Of Kerala Tours And Travel. The Resplendent Views Come With Stunning Beauty And The Thick Foliage Open To The Lake With Wider Vistas And Offer Endless Views Of This Beautiful Water.

The Water Bodies Are A Mix Of Major Lakes Such As The Vembanad And Also The Small Reservoirs. The Palm Fringed Shorelines Offer A Perfect Backdrop And Create A Distinct Ecosystem. The Vembanad Waters Are Saline And This Is Absorbed By The Mangrove Trees.

The Breathtaking Landscape Captivates The Viewer’s Mind And The Backwaters Are The Best. Renting Houseboats And Traveling On The Backwaters Offers A Peaceful Experience. You Can Enjoy As Breakfast To Dinner Is Served Fresh And Piping Hot. Sleeping In A Houseboat In The Waters Is Amazing As The Entire Surrounding Is Very Peaceful.

Kerala Backwaters Include Viewing Rare Birds Such As Parakeets, Darters And Kingfishers. The Stretch Of Backwaters Is Kumarakom, Kollam And Alleppey. You Can Share The Experience And Feel The Magic, At Least Once A Lifetime.

Kerala Cuisine

Kerala Cuisine Is Like A Love Affair With A Long History. The Romans, The Greeks, The British And The Arabs Fought To Control This Spice Coast Of India And Ultimately Everyone Left Their Mark On This Region’s Cuisine.

You Can Find Spices, Coconuts And Rice Grown In Abundance In Kerala. You Can Fuse Local Ingredients And Make Culinary Experience Fascinating As Kerala Offers A Remarkable Fusion Of Rich Culinary Varieties.

The Delights Of Culinary Are Different As One Travels Across Kerala. The Vegetarian Dishes Using Vegetables And Fruits Cannot Be Found Elsewhere. The Main Reason For The Variety Of Vegetarian Dishes Is That Hindus Are In Significant Numbers And Especially, Vegetarian Eaters Than Christians And Muslims.

Kerala Offers A Multitude Of Vegetarian And Non-vegetarian Delicacies. The Vegetarian Food Is Traditional And A Grand Affair On Special Days Served On Banana Leaves.

The Non-vegetarian Common Dishes Are Fish Curries, Seafood, Fresh And Fried, Biryani With Onions, Meat, Chilis And Stews Including Lamb, Beef Or Chicken.

The Staple Food Is Rice And The Tasty Dishes Include Appams, The Spongy Rice Cakes, Pathiri, Thin Lacy Bread Pancakes With Jaggery And Coconut, Unni Appams, Sweet Fried Dumplings, Achapams, Crisp Flower Shaped Delicacies. A Traditional Breakfast Is Puttu ( Steamed Rice Powder With Grated Coconut) And Idlis With A Sambar Or Chutneys.

Kerala Enchanting Wildlife

Kerala Wildlife Brings Exciting Opportunities Owing To Its Tropical Sprawling Green Acres And Gentle Waterways. The Lush Topography Makes It Ideal For Rare Birds And Animals To Visit This Natural Surrounding.

The Popular Wildlife Includes The Periyar National Park And Its Surrounding Forests. This Covers 300 Sq. Miles And Is The Oldest Sanctuaries. It Includes Deciduous Vegetation, Aquatic Environment And Dense Evergreen Forests. You Can See Magnificent Rare Cats And Herds Of Elephants Gathering To Drink Water. They Bath, Drink Water And Engage In Mock Fights, Besides It Is Possible To Go By Foot As Well.

The Eravikulam National Park Covers A 60 Mile Patch And These Rare Plants Are Well Maintained. Similarly, You Can See A Variety Of Birds And Animals In The Park Such As The Niligiri Tahr, The Mountain Goats. The Other Animals Include Jungle Cats, Leopards, Wild Boar, Civets, Nilgiri Langur, Sloth Bear, Mongoose, Squirrels, Reptiles And Snakes. There Are Many Butterflies And Moth Species.

The Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary Also Has Over 200 Elephants And Few Leopards And Tigers, Sambar, Bison And Spotted Deer. Thattekad Bird Sanctuary Is A Hot Spot For Migrant Birds. This Includes Drongos, Woodpeckers, Robins, Pheasants, And Rare Birds Such As Fairy Bluebird, Gray Hornbill And Night Herons.

The Silent Valley National Park Is Also Rich With Wildlife And Includes Mammals, Deer And Some Tigers.

Kerala Houseboat 

Kerala Houseboat Cruise Is A Truly Magical Experience Offering The Tranquility Of The Waters. It Offers Recluse For The Busy Bees. The Houseboats Are Referred To As Kettuvalloms. These Kettuvalloms Carry Grain Consignments Along The Waterways. Earlier These Kettuvalloms Were Popular As They Were Built Without Using A Single Nail.

Houseboats Come Is Varying Sizes Depending On The Number Of Bedrooms Required. It Is Available From One To Three Bedrooms. Here Except For The Bathroom With Ceramic, Everything Is Made Using Organic Material. It Offers A Lifetime Experience. There Are Boats With 10 Bedrooms As Well And This Is Appropriate For A Big Group. Each Houseboat, Regardless Of Its Size, Ensures Offering The Best Comfort And Luxury. The Houseboat Cruise Welcomes Every Guest By Offering Tender Coconut, An Energy Drink And Introduces You To The Chef, Captain And Housekeeping Staff.

The Cruise Offers Comfortable Seating And You Can Watch Waters From The Shores. There Is A Polished Wooden Flooring Giving The Boat Uniqueness. The Living Room Is Transformed Into A Dining Area For The Mealtime. The Meals Also Include Fresh Fish Caught In The Backwaters Prepared By Your Personal Chef.

The Bedrooms Are Well Equipped And Air Conditioned With Modern Facilities. The Ensuite Also Includes Modern Bathrooms, Crisp Linen, Comfortable Beds And Canopied Mosquito Nets Ensuring A Good Night’s Sleep.  You Can Gaze At The Stars In The Night, Listen To Water Lapping, See Fishes Jumping And Much More That Will Etch Your Minds For Always.

Kerala Performing And Folk Arts

Kerala Is Highest In Quality, Quantity And Variety Of Performing Ritual And Folk Arts. This Influence Is Seen In Their Folk Dances Performed During Sowing Seeds, Harvests And Other Festivals. It Is Interesting As Special Dance Forms Are Performed Separately By Men And Women. The Traditional Dances Include Ornaments, Costumes And Is A Directness Of Expression.

Kathakali Is The Prominent Art Forms And Is Considered To Be Unique. It Blends The Theatre Elements, Music, Dance, Martial Arts And Makeup. The Colorful Performance Of Dancers Gives An Opportunity To Witness, Know The Entire Story, Emotions And Ideas. The Hand Gestures, Body Movements And Vivid Facial Expressions Are Mesmerizing. Kathakali Performers Have A Traditional Heavy Makeup. This Folk Dance Is Performed In Festivals In The Temples.

Mohiniattam Is A Classical Dance Form That Presents Graceful Bodily Movements. This Is Performed By Women Only And Is A Group Dance And Also A Solo Show. This Is Performed At Temples In The Months Of October To March. This Dance Form Relates To A Hindu Myth Where, God Vishnu Assumed Mohini’s Form And Performed This Dance.

Theyyam Is Also A Prominent Folk Art And Is Over 1500 Years Old. This Is A Devotional Performance And The Performers Are Regarded To Be Divine And The Devotees Take Their Blessings.  Padayani And Koodiyattam Are Also Some Of The Performances.

Kerala Performing And Folk Arts

Kerala Is Highest In Quality, Quantity And Variety Of Performing Ritual And Folk Arts. This Influence Is Seen In Their Folk Dances Performed During Sowing Seeds, Harvests And Other Festivals. It Is Interesting As Special Dance Forms Are Performed Separately By Men And Women. The Traditional Dances Include Ornaments, Costumes And Is A Directness Of Expression.

Kathakali Is The Prominent Art Forms And Is Considered To Be Unique. It Blends The Theatre Elements, Music, Dance, Martial Arts And Makeup. The Colorful Performance Of Dancers Gives An Opportunity To Witness, Know The Entire Story, Emotions And Ideas. The Hand Gestures, Body Movements And Vivid Facial Expressions Are Mesmerizing. Kathakali Performers Have A Traditional Heavy Makeup. This Folk Dance Is Performed In Festivals In The Temples.

Mohiniattam Is A Classical Dance Form That Presents Graceful Bodily Movements. This Is Performed By Women Only And Is A Group Dance And Also A Solo Show. This Is Performed At Temples In The Months Of October To March. This Dance Form Relates To A Hindu Myth Where, God Vishnu Assumed Mohini’s Form And Performed This Dance.

Theyyam Is Also A Prominent Folk Art And Is Over 1500 Years Old. This Is A Devotional Performance And The Performers Are Regarded To Be Divine And The Devotees Take Their Blessings.  Padayani And Koodiyattam Are Also Some Of The Performances.

Kerala Stunning Sun-Kissed Beaches

Kerala Boasts Of Stunning And Pristine Beaches. It Is Spread From The Arabian Sea, Along The Palm Fringed Coastline. The Topography Is As Distinctive As Varied And Remains Consistent Making Beaches A Paradise For Travelers.

The Coastline Is Inextricably Entwined With Culture, History And Traditions. There Are Historical Landmarks And Some Of The Renowned Beaches Are In Varkala And Kovalam. There Are Undiscovered Beach Locations And This Includes The Quaint Cherai Beach Between The Backwaters And The Sea. The Longest Beach Here Is Muzhipillangad Beach That Is Breathtaking And The Bekal Beach Sets A Historical Fort Background.

Kerala Beaches Are More Specific And It Is A Popular Tourist Destination. Early Risers Can See The Fisherman Launching Their Boats At Dawn Break And Set Off Into The Sea. The Charms Of Sunbathing, Swimming Or Watching The Waves Crashing Against Rocks Is Amazing.

The Notable Beaches Are Kovalam Frequented To Sunbathe. The Water Is Great For Swimming And There Are Shacks Filled With Food Varieties And Beach Wear. Varkala Beach Is A Popular Janardana Swami Temple And Is Favored Over Kovalam For Its Relaxed Atmosphere.

Marari Has Endless Miles Of Beaches Offering An Idyllic Getaway. Cherai  Beach Is Also A Long Golden Beach With Shallow Waters. Alleppey, Muzhapilangad, Payyambalam, Bekal Fort And Valapattanam Beach Are Some Of The Other Popular Beaches In Kerala.

Anchuthengu Fort Kerala

The historic remains of the Anchuthengu Fort in Thiruvananthapuram built by the English East India Company in the 17th century, and an adjoining cemetery are noteworthy relics of this first major British trading station on the Malabar coast.

Significance

First Major British Trading Station on the Malabar Coast.

General Information

Location

36 Kms From Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

Origin

17th Century.

Built By

British East India Company.

Prime Attractions of Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram)

Aaranmula Boat Race

The Aaranmula Boat Race is staged each year in the scenic village of Aaranmula in August/ September. This river carnival is part of the Aaranmula Temple festival.

Varkala Beach

Varkala is a sea side resort, as well as an important Hindu centre of pilgrimage. High cliffs with rich mineral springs rise majestically from the coastline.

Bekal Fort in Kerala

Bekal fort, that is that the largest and also the best-preserved fort in Kerala is that the most significant monument of the region. This fort, settled on the main road, is believed to own been inbuilt the 1650’s by Sivappa Naik of the Ikkeri family line. Later it absolutely was transferred to Hyder Ali of Mysore then to British people.

The sea bastions, underground tunnels and also the structure area unit spectacular.

An previous house of worship is set terribly close to the fort, that is believed to be built by tipu sultan. History sleeps here among the lonely battlements of the Bekal Fort by the ocean shore.

This landscape of ethereal quality, its endless grasslands and ocean views possess all the potential to be developed into an excellent traveller destination.

The Bekal fort is found on a colossal 35-acre natural elevation that runs into the sea.

This imposing structure of dirt rising one hundred thirty linear unit. higher than water level features a patterned history of three hundred years ,which adds to its interest as AN archeology web site. because of its historic connexion, the fort is controlled by the archeologic Survey of Asian country.

General Information

Speciality

Largest Fort In Kerala.

Location

Bekal, Kerala.

Built By

Sivappa Naik

Built In

1650 A.D.

Prime Attractions of Kasaragod

Anandasram

This internationally renowned spiritual centre founded by Swami Ramdas in 1939, offers a quiet, peaceful ambience best suited for meditation and spiritual studies.A forty minutes move, is that the unique Valiyaparamba Backwater stretch. the foremost scenic Backwaters of Kerala, it’s fed by four rivers and is dotted with various islands. Valiyaparamba is maybe the foremost scenic Backwaters of Kerala. A cruise centre giving exciting boat rides can shortly be opened here.

St. Angelo Fort Kerala

St. Angelo Fort, The Sea Front Fort Was Constructed In 1505 AD By The First Portuguese Viceroy Don Francisco De Almeda With The Consent Of The Ruling Kolathiri Raja.

After Changing Hands From The Portuguese To The Dutch And Then To The English, The Fort Became One Of The Important Military Centers Of The British In Malabar. A Huge Triangular Structure Built Of Laterite, With A Moat And Strong Flanking Bastions.

St. Angelo Fort Was Captured By The Dutch From The Portugese In 1663 AD And Sold Off To Ali Raja Of Kannur In 1772 AD. The British Rebuilt It And Made It The Most Important Military Base In Malabar For Their Soldiers During The British Colonial Rule, After Capturing It In 1790 AD.

The Fort, Which Is Now Under The Archaeological Survey Of India, Offers Fascinating Views Of The Mappila Bay Fishing Harbour And Dharmadam Island.

Significance

Historical

Served As A Military Base For The British.

General Information

Location

Kannur, Kerala.

Origin

1505 AD.

Built By

Don Francisco De Almeda

Palakkad Fort In Kerala

Palakkad Fort, The Old Granite Fort Situated In The Very Heart Of Palakkad Town Is One Of The Best Preserved In Kerala. It Was Built By Haider Ali Of Mysore, In 1766 AD.

The Fort Was Taken Over And Modified By The British In 1790 AD. Also Known As Tipu’s Fort, Palakkad Fort Was Supposedly Built To Hasten Communication Between Coimbatore And The West Coast.

In 1784 AD, After A Siege Lasting Eleven Days, The British Colonel, Fullerton Stormed The Fort. It Later Fell Into The Hands Of The Zamorin’s Troops But Was Recaptured By The British In 1790 AD.

Martyr’s Column, Open Air Auditorium Called “Rappadi” Are Located In The Spacious Grounds Of The Fort, Now Preserved By The Archaeological Survey Of India. There Is Also A Children’s Park On One Of The Sides Of The Fort.

General Information

Location

Palakkad, Kerala.

Built By

Haider Ali.

Built In

1790

Ayurveda Resorts in Kerala

Kerala, the land of ayurveda, is that the place wherever all the purported and counseled Ayurvedic Centres are placed. we advise the subsequent Ayurvedic Rejuvenation Centres, that square measure serving the humanity everywhere the planet and rendering this science referred to as writing with distinction.

Coconut Holidays :

These Resorts are offering various therapies alongwith Accommodation. Therefore one can combine Ayurvedic therapy treatment with the tour of ‘Gods’ own country ‘Kerala’.

At all these below mentioned properties which come under the casino group of hotels provides excellent Ayurvedic Treatments and hence are highly recommended. Casino Hotel (Cochin), Coconut Lagoon (Kumarakom), Spice Village (Periyar), Bangaram Island Resort (lakhshadweep), Spice Cost Cruises (Puthenagadi), The Marari Beach (Mararikulam), Anjali Hotel (Kumarakom) and The Brunton Boat Yard (Cochin).

Somatheeram

A perfect hideaway, far from mass tourism. Nine Kms south of the far-famed Kovalam Beach and twenty one Kms from the metropolis Trivendrum. The pristine charms of nature in its primordial best, married to the magnificence of a resort – Somatheeram may be a fascinating haunt.

Somatheeram has Associate in Nursing exclusive written material centre, wherever many rejuvenative therapies supported the religious writing science ayurved (5000 years recent ancient autochthonous body toning practice) square measure attainable, Ayurvedic Treatment with herbal preparations directed towards strenghening theimmune system, preventing and curing disease without any side effects.

it is also known for its reputed yoga centre where yoga and meditation can be learned and practised under the guidance of a yoga guru.

Manal Theeram Beach Resort :

It is just 9 kims from the world renowned tourist centre, place in the sun, Kovalam, 21 kms south of Trivandrum.

Keraleeyam Heritage Home and Ayurvedic Resort :

Alappuzha (Alleppey) is one hours half-hour drive by road from cochin aerodrome or 3 hrs dirve type thiruvananthapuram or Trivandrum Apt. a brief fifteen minute ferry boat cruise from alappuzha boat groyne can take you to Keraleeyam. it’s a awfully long backwater frontage. The atmosphere at Keraleeyam is that of a conventional home. Keraleeyam is housed in associate degree ancient Kerala home engineered seventy years back.

Sanjeevanam Ayurvedic Rejuvenation Therapy Sanjeevanam, The simple and comfortable procedure of rejuvenation therapy practised in Ayurveda comprises of Pizhichil, Dhara, Avisnanam etc. It offers following benefit: Restores the energy reserves of the body, reduces stress, strain and fatigue, relieves body aches, slows down the ageing processm builds resistance to diseases, improves complexion and skin texture, reduces, subcutaneous fat & controls obesity.

The theraphy takes 30 minutes to 90 minutes per day. Longer the duration better and more sustained, the effects.

Thirummal – short duration ayurvedic rejuvention theraphy – duration 30 minutes, experience the wonderful rejuvenative effectof ayurveda in 30 minutes, at Keraleeyam, Thirummal can give you an instant burst of energy that lasts several days.

Keraleeyam offers big selection of therapies, The period everyprocedure depends upon the each individual and is at the discretion of the Ayurvedic doctor.

Kairali Ayurvedic Health Resort :

Kairali is without doubt a resort with a distinction. Set amidst fifty acres of lush foliage in palakkad, kerala popularly remarked as “god’s own country”, Kairli secure to be a singular chapter in any tourist’s Indian expertise.The nearest airport is Cochin, which is just an hour and half drive form Kairali.

Kairali Ayurvedic health resort is dedicated to bringing you the befefits of science that has proved to work wonders for health over 5000 years based on traditional oil massages, this ayurvedic health system has had wide acceptance both as a general health and rejuvenation plan which are completely free of any toxicity and side effects. The resort also boasts of a yoga & meditation centre.

They provide therapies as under:

Special Ayurvedic health programme for weight – loss (07,14 & 21 days)

Proven remedies for arthrities & spondylitis (07,14 & 21 days)

Post pregnancy health programme (07,14 & 21 days)

Special Treatment for sinusitis & migraine (07, 14, & 21 days)

Rejuvenation therapy to restore vigour & vitality (07,14, & 21 days)

Special package to remove stress & strain (03,07 & 14 days)

Beauty care & eye care package (03, 07, 14, & 21 days)

Special Beauty therapy takes care of pimples, wrinkles acne, sagging of the skin and a falling of hair. The oil nourishes and cleanse the tissues to make the complexion glowing & youthful, smooths wrinkles & enhances beauty. The eye care treatment helps in relieving tension i the eye which causes poor eye sight, pain, fatigue, it brings lustre to the eyes ans smooths away wrinkles.

Kerala Ayurveda Rejuvenation

  1. Treatment For Chronic Headaches, Insomnia, Mental Tension And Cases Of Hysteria, Hallucination And Insanity.

Dhara :

A continuous stream of seasoner oils, Medicated Milk or buttermilk and decoctions are poured on the forehead/whole body in a very special manner, whereas the patient lies supine on a wood bed with the neck and head placed in a very comfy position.

Variations include:

Oordhwanga Dhara : smart for diseases of the eyes, ears and skin.

Takra Dhara :

For those affected by memory loss, severe headache or insanity.

Sarvanga Dhara :

For both head and body.

  1. Snehapanam: Treatment To Alleviate Osteoarthritis, Leukaemia Etc. Medicated ghee is given internally in a gradually increased quantity for specific periods.
  2. Pizhichil : Treatment For Spondilosis, Rheumatic Diseases Like Arthritis, Paralysis, Hemiplegia, Nervous Disorders:Lukewarm herbal oil is applied with fresh linen all over the body by trained masseurs in a rhythmic manner for a period of 1 to 1 ? hours daily for 7 to 21 days.
  3. Udvarthanam: Treatment For Diseases Like Hemiploegia, Paralysis, fatness And sure Rheumatic Ailments:It is the therapeutic massage within which the whole body is massaged with flavoring powders.
  4.  Marma Chikitsa: Treatment For musculoskeletal Ailments because of Trauma Or Accidents:Treatment that works on the very sensitive important points of the body (the 107 ‘marmas’).
  5. Nasyam: Treatment For Nasal Ailments :Inhalation of medicated herbal preparations, Decoction Oils, Ghee etc. to eliminate the morbid factors from the head and neck area.This also includes gently massaging the body from the shoulders, upward. It is a therapy for Sinusitis, Migraine and Chronic Cold.
  6. Karnapooranam : Treatment For Ear Ailments:Medicated oils are applied to the ear for 5 to 10 minutes daily to clean similarly as treat specific ailments.
  7. Tharpanam: Treatment For Preventing Cataract And Strengthening Vision:A treatment for the eyes effective in preventing cararact and strengthening the optic nerve.
  8. Njavarakizhi : Treatment For Wasting Of Muscles, all kinds Of Rheumatism, Sports Injuries, Pain within the Joints, gauntness Of The Body And sure kinds of Skin Diseases:After the appliance of medicated oil, the complete body is formed to sweat by the external application of medicated ‘Njavara’ rice packs, within the type of boluses tied in muslin baggage. Njavarakizhi revitalises the skin.
  9.  Sirovasti : Treatment For Dryness Of Nostrils, Mouth And Throat, Severe Headaches, Facial Paralysis And Burning Sensation In The Head:Lukewarm herbal oils are poured into a leather cap fitted on the head for specific durations as per physician’s recommendation.
  10. Elakizhi : Treatment For restorative The Skin Tone (‘Patraswedam’):
  11. The entire body is massaged with herbal poultices ready with varied herbs and powder dipped in heat medicated oils and will increase perspiration, that successively helps circulation.This promotes the skin eliminate wastes and revitalises the skin, thereby improving skin tone.

Yoga and Meditation

Meditation and physical exercises are meant to isolate the ego from the body and mind. The exercises are designed to hone concentration, improve health and help attain peace of mind through 8 stages of training:

  1. Disciplined Behaviour (Yama).
  2. Self-purification (Niyama).
  3. Bodily postures such as the Lotus position (Asana).
  4.  Control of breathing (Pranayarna).
  5. Control of the senses (Pratyahara).
  6. Fixing of the mind on a chosen object (Dharana).
  7. Meditation (Dhyana).
  8. Samadhi, a state of being where one experience absolute tranquility and well being.

Body Slimming

Medicated flavorer powder and medicated flavorer oil massages, Associate in Nursing Ayurvedic diet of flavorer juices etc. are a part of the program.

Hair Care

Thaali’ is a traditional shampoo. It can be any herb, usually the soapy paste of crushed ‘Hibiscus Rosa’ leaves or ‘Cheevakkai’ (Shikakai) powder, made into a paste and rubbed into the hair during the bath.

Plain cooked rice soup rubbed into the scalp for 10 minutes before the tub is a superb cure for dandruff. ‘Moong’ (green gram) may be a sensible hair and body scrub.

‘Mylanchi’ (henna or Egyptian privet) is wide used as a hair coloring.

Adding ‘Amla’ (dried and powdered Gooseberry, ‘Phylanthus embilica’) and beating in an Egg Yolk makes the dye fast. Unlike chemical dyes, this is quite harmless. A mixture of Coconut Milk and Lemon Juice can prevent hair loss.

Yoghurt, eggs and Lemon Juice rubbed into the scalp is said to accelerate hair growth, while Cucumber has excellent astringent properties.

Skin Care

Pastes of Cucumber, Sandalwood, Papaya and Pineapple Fruit are used for making face masks. Honey acts as a powerful moisturizer.

Turmeric paste is another popular skin care herb, applied both as a face pack as well as all over the body, to improve the skin tone and prevent skin disorders.

A mixture of Lemon Juice and Honey is used in skin care.

A paste of ‘Raktha Chandanam’ (red sandalwood) in Honey, applied once or twice a day for about a fortnight, has a magical effect in erasing scars. Overall Treatment : Panchakarma Treatment.

Panchakarma Treatment

A five-fold treatment for mental and physical well being – tunes the body, organs, mind, breath, nerves and purifies the blood.

Alleppey Backwater

Alleppey Or Alappuzha Has Arabian Sea On The West, Besides Lagoons, A Network Of Lakes And Fresh Water Rivers Crisscrossing That It Offers An Immense Natural Beauty.

It Is Also A Backwater Sanctuary Popular For Diverse Bird And Animal Life. It Is Also  Known As The Venice Of The East By Travelers.

Its Proximity To The Sea Has Made The Town A Unique Place In The History Of Kerala.

Alleppey Today Is Well Known As A Backwater Tourist Center And Has Several Thousands Of Foreign Tourists Coming Every Year.

Alappuzha Is Renowned For Its Houseboat Holidays, Boat Races, Marine Products, Beaches And Coir Industry.

The Alleppey Houseboat Is The Main Attraction And The Best Advantage Is That These Houseboats Feature Modern Amenities, Sunbath Deck, Open Sit Out, Kitchen, Spacious Living Area, Dvd, Bath Attached Bedrooms And Tv And Various Other Entertainment.

The Menu Choice Is Given To The Guests So That They Decide Based On Their Taste. However, Typical Kerala Food Will Be Available, But You Can Order For Different Tastes. Lunch, Breakfast And Dinner Will Be Served In The Houseboat And Gives A Feel Of Home Away From Home. A One Day Trip Is For 22 Hours With Food And 11.30 Am Is The Check In Time And The Check Out Is At 9.30.

Cochin (Kochi) Backwaters

Cochin Backwaters Are More Popular As The Arabian Sea Queen And Kochi On This Vast Expanse Is A Cluster Of Islands On This Vembanad Lake.

The Cochin Backwaters Are Popular For Its Scenic Locations Namely Vypeen, Bolgatty, Vallarpadam And Gundu.

Here The Lake Opens Into The Arabian Sea And Is The Finest Natural Harbors.

This Natural Advantage Has Made Cochin One Of The Frequently Visited Destinations. It Has A Blend Of Influences And Cultures Of Traders And Explorers Visiting This Land. In Fact, Chinese, Arabs, Dutch, Portuguese And British Have Left Behind Their Marks.

The Dutch Palace, The Jewish Synagogue And The Chinese Fishing Nets, And A Few Other Remnants Of Asians And European Architecture Merge Into The Traditional Fabric Smoothly.

The Real Fun Of Visiting Cochin Is In Moving Around In Quaint Spots. There Are Plenty Of Boat Cruises To Explore Places From The Harbor To Mattancherry, Willingdon Island, Fort Kochi, Jewish Synagogue And Bolgatty Island.

Going On A 3 Hour Backwater Village Cruise Includes Visiting Coconut Plantations And Coir Villages.

The ‘Queen Of The Arabian Sea’ Is The Finest Natural Harbor. It Has Ferry Rides, Man-made Islands, Lush Green Lawn Offering Fascinating Experience. Cochin Presents A Combination Of The Intense Nostalgia And High Revelry. So Visitors Be Prepared For A String Of Wonders.

Kollam Backwaters

Kollam Was Earlier Referred To As Quilon. Kollam Is 71 Km To Thiruvanathapuram North. This Coastline Is Popular For Its Cashew Industries And Marine. This Was A Major Trading  International Point And The Oldest Ports In The Bygone Days.

Kollam Has Interesting Remnants Of History And There Are A Number Of Temples Presenting The Traditional Ornate Style Of Architecture.

The Ancient Port Was On The Ashttamudi Lake Edge And Traders Visited This Land From Far Off Places Such As Arabia, Phoenicia, Rome, China And Greece. Later, The Portuguese Established In Kollam A Trading Post And Exported Sandalwood, Spices, Coir And Ivory.

Kollam Is A Beautiful Gateway To The Kerala Backwaters. The Noticeable Feature Is The Ashttamudi Lake That Covers Nearly 30% Of The Kollam Town. The Boat Ride To Alappuzha From Kollam Is A Delightful Ride Amidst Lotuses And Water Lilies Taking An 8 Hour Ride. Visitors Can See Water Birds, Splashing And Playing In This Water As Well.

There Is A Mata Amrithananthamayi Ashram In Vallikkavu Near Kollam. This Pilgrimage Is Known Far And Wide For Its Educational Institutes. Visiting This International Pilgrimage Is Possible On The Kerala Kollam Backwater Tours.

Lastly, Do Not Miss The Historic Thangasseri Fort And The Ruins Of The Portuguese Churches And Forts.

Kasaragod Backwaters

The Kerala District Northernmost Is Kasargod, Situated On The Seacoast And To The East Is The Western Ghats And Northern Borders.

Kasargod Is Famous For Its Backwater Trips At Valiyaparamba On The Chandragiri River. It Is 4 Kms From The Kasargod Town And Is Renowned For Its Chandragiri Fort Of The 17th Century. This Fort Offers A Splendid View Of The Arabian Sea And The River. There Is Also A Point To Watch The Sunset.

Chandragiri Boat Trips Are To Nearby Islands And Palm Groves With Chandragiri Bridge As The Boarding Point. Cruise In The Exotic Kasargod Backwaters And Enjoy Uplifting Backwater Tour In This State So That These Memories Are Truly Memorable As Life Time Memories.

Kasargod, Is Also Spelled As Kassarkod And This Place Is Prominent For Its Scenic Imagery Ever Seen. Kasargod Backwaters Are Beautiful As It Is Complimented Perfectly By The Arabian Sea, The Sunset Stunning Views And Has Impressive Houseboats Making An Eclectic Mix Of Modern Comforts And Traditional Craftsmanship.

Kasargod Offers Dense Vegetation And Greenery Everywhere And This Exotic Backwater Destination Offers Splendid Visual Delights That Is Certain To Remain Embedded In Your Memories For Many More Years.

The Boating Offers A Lifetime Experience And Is The Famous And The Traditional Houseboats Are Known For Its Unique Feature Of Not Using Nails In The Entire Boat. The Modern Houseboats Offer Five Star Hotel Luxury. It Is Indeed A Moving Haven On The Water.

Kottayam Backwaters

Kottayam Backwaters Are Well Known. It Is Bordered To The East By The Western Ghats, While On The West Is The Kuttanad Paddy Fields And The Vembanad Lake.

Panoramic Backwater Stretches, Highlands, Green Paddy Fields, Extensive Rubber Plantations And The Striking Beauty Of Kottayam Is Awesome. The Serene Backwaters In Long Stretches, Rubber Plantations, Sprawling Paddy Fields And Literate People Population Have Made This Land As The ‘Land Of Letter, Lakes And Latex’.

The Western Ghats And The Vembanad Lake Make Kottayam Backwaters A Renowned Tourist Destination. The Backwater Cruises Tours Also Include Sailing In The Punnamada And Vembanad Lake In Kettuvalams And You Can View The Rustic Life Activities Of The Locales While Passing. Here There Are Boats In Different Shapes And Sizes Available As Per Need.

Chandragiri Cruises Offer Boat Tours To Palm Woodlets And Nearby Islands. Chandragiri Bridge Is The Boarding Point That Is Located In The Kizhur Sartha Temple. The Places Of Interest In Kottayam Are The Number Of Shrines Namely The Vaikom Temple, The Shiva Temple, Besides The Other Temples Are At Perunna, Vazhappaly And Ettumanoor. Visiting Pilgrim Centers Namely, Sabarimala, Mannanam, Bharananganam At Kottayam.

On Your Backwater Tours You Can View Forts And Palace Ruins. However, Kottayam Is Well Connected To Air, Rail And Road.

Kozhikode Backwaters

Kozhikode Is A Prominent Trade And Commerce Center. Kozhikode Was Also An Important Malabar Region In The Bygone Days. The Kozhikode Has Ancient Monuments, Serene Beaches, Green Countrysides, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Historic Sites, Rivers, Hills, Friendly Ambience And Warm Atmosphere, That Nobody Skips This Destination.

The Kozhikode Backwaters Are Unexplored And Unspoiled. The Kozhikode Backwaters Ensure Enchanting Holiday Options. The Favorite Boating Haunts Are The Kali River And The Canolly Canal, Elathur. Kozhikode Backwaters Are To The North Of Kerala. The Best Time To Visit Is Between September To May.

Kozhikode Backwater Cruises Offer A Unique Experience. The Houseboats Move Slowly In The Calm Waters Offering A Momentous Journey. The Natural Beauty And Pristine Beaches Add Sparkle To Your Journey.

Wildlife Exploration Can Be Done And You Can See Migratory Birds In The Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary. Tourist Carry Binoculars To Help With Animal And Bird Watching. The Virgin Backwaters Are Bewitching And Fascinating That They Are Certain To Intoxicate Your Senses, Besides The Serenity, Wilderness And The Romance Will Cast A Dreamy Torpor.

On Your Kozhikode Backwater Tours, Do Not Miss To Sail On The Pookot Fresh Water Lake. Kozhikode Beach Offers A Perfect Seaside View That Attracts Tourists. The Sunset From The Sands Is Amazing As It Appears Immersing Into The Deep Sea Waters.

Kumarakom Backwaters

Kumarakom Backwaters Is A Voyage Taking You To Visit The Small Sleepy Village Of Kumarkom Positioned On The Vembanad Lake. Kumarakom Is Just 10 Kms From Kottayam.

Kumarakom Backwaters Offers A Backwater Tourism Destination And Is  A Deserved Picnic Spot.  Kumarakom Provides Sightseeing Experiences, Besides Boating And Fishing As These Are Truly Exhilarating. The Much Sought After Exclusive Attraction Is The Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary. Kumarakom Cruise On The Vembanad Lake Is An Amazing Way To View The Bird Life.

Kumarakom Is Pristinely Beautiful. It Is A Charming Peninsula Into The Scenic Vembanad Lake. The Beauty Is That It Is Dotted With Traditional Country Rafts, Canoes And Boats. The Mainland Receives Fresh Lake Water Making A Labyrinth Of Canals, Lagoons And Waterways.

The Backwater In Kumarakom Includes Various Species Of Fauna And Flora. The Marine Life Is Rich In Kumarkom As It Has Pearl Spotted Fish, Tiger Prawns, Crabs, Prawns And Many More Varieties. The Lagoons And Streams Break The Banks In Monsoon And Transform Kumarakom Into A Rich Fertile Land.

Kumarakom Has An Array Of Resorts In All Ranges And Offers Leisure Options Such As Yoga, Ayurveda Massage, Fishing, Boating , Meditation And Swimming. The Kumarakom Backwaters Take You To Gorgeous Green Fringed Palms Rippling In The Blue Waters That The Entire Atmosphere Spells Bliss, Peace And Tranquility.

Thiruvallam Backwaters

Thiruvallam Backwaters Is On The Route To Kovalam And Is Popular For Its Canoe Rides. This Is The Meeting Point Of Killi And Karamana, Two Rivers. Here You Can Find A Temple Dedicated To Parashurame.

Thiruvallam Is A Backwater Getaway. It Opens With A Series Of Sleepy Fishing Villages. Away From The City Bustle In Trivandrum, Is This Confluence Of Beautiful Rivers Creating An Idyllic Setting For Navigation. You Can Explore In A Houseboat Or A Canoe, Soak In The Laid Back Rhythm Of Life In The Waterway. You Can See Women In The Paddy Fields Or Doing Household Chores And Fishermen Wading To Make A Catch.

Thiruvallam Backwater Cruise Opens To Many Photo Opportunities. You Can Capture The Flock Of Waterfowls, Emerald Paddy Fields, Stretches Of Lily And Lotus Flowers, Thatched Homestead, Listen To Bird Songs, Feel The Breeze And Listen To The Soft Swish Of Water. All This Takes You To A Different World That Is Only Calm.

The Backwater Excursion Can Offer A Round Of The Scenic Veli Lagoon And The Akulam Boat Club Here Is Another Attraction Near Thiruvallam For Water Sports Enthusiasts Offering On Akulam Lake, Delightful Boat Cruises.

Sailing On The Waterway Of Thiruvallam Backwaters Rejuvenates You And Offers A True Feel Of Sights And Sounds.

Thiruvananthapuram Backwaters

Thiruvananthapuram Backwaters Is Bounded By The Western Ghats On Then East And The Arabian Sea On The West. Thiruvananthapuram Has A Long Shoreline, Renowned Secluded Beaches, Backwater Stretches, Historic Monuments And A Rich Cultural Heritage.

Thiruvananthapuram Backwater Areas Are Veli And Thiruvallam. Thiruvananthapuram Is Bounded By Lush Forested Highlands And The Arabian Sea That It Is The Perfect Gateway To Backwaters And Beaches. It Has Palm Fringed Beaches And Enchanting Thiruvallam And Veli Backwaters. It Is An Ideal Holiday Destination And Also Has Beautiful Museums And Temples.

Thiruvananthapuram Is Named After Mythology. A Houseboat Ride  Offers An Exciting Range Of A Round Of The Beautiful Veli Lagoon And A Range Of Water Sports. Visiting Thiruvananthapuram And Enjoying  A Memorable Holiday In The Kerala Backwaters Ensures A Memorable Holiday.

The Extensive Backwaters Present A Kaleidoscope Of Scenery And The Best Is To Go On Thiruvananthapuram Backwater Tours. The Kettuvallams Are The Traditional Boats For A Tour Of Scenic Backwaters. It Meanders Through Green Vegetation And Is A Paradise On Earth.

Sailing On The Backwaters, You Can See Stretches Of Clear Lakes And Lagoons. The Sound That You Hear Will Be Of Birds Chirping, Gushing Water  And Offer Complete Peace Of Mind. The Backwaters Are Accessible By Road,rail And Air

Beaches

Alappuzha Beach Kerala

Alappuzha Beach Is One Of The Most Popular Spots In The District Of Alappuzha. The Pier, Which Extends Into The Sea Here, Is Around 140 Years Old.

With The Arabian Sea On The West And A Vast Network Of Lakes, Lagoons And Several Freshwater Rivers Criss-crossing It, Alappuzha Is A District Of Immense Natural Beauty.

Referred To As The Venice Of The East By Travellers From Across The World, This BackwaterCountry Is Also Home To Diverse Animal And Bird Life

By Virtue Of Its Proximity To The Sea, The Town Has Always Enjoyed A Unique Place In The Maritime History Of Kerala. How To Get There

By Air

The Nearest Airport Is Kochi International Airport, About 85 Km From Alappuzha Town.

By Rail

Nearest Railway Station Is Alappuzha, About 5 Km From The Beach.

General Information

Location

Alappuzha, Kerala.

Main Attraction

140 Years Old Pier.

Kappad Beach Kerala

Kappad, The Historic Beach. It Is The Beach Where Vasco Da Gama Landed On The 27th Of May, 1498 With 170 Men In Three Vessels, Thus Discovering A Sea Route To India.

The Rock Studded Beach Is Locally Known As Kappakadavu.

An Interesting Feature Of The Landscape Is The Sprawling Rock That Protrudes Into The Sea. The Temple On The Rock Is Believed To Be 800 Years Old.

Significance

Historical

A Solitary Pillar Commemorates The Event With The Inscription, “Vasco Da Gama Landed Here, Kappakadavu, In The Year 1498”. The Sea Here Is Placid And Seemingly Untouched By History Or Time.

General Information

Location

16 Kms From Kozhikode, Kerala

Main Attraction

A Sprawling Rock That Protrudes Into The Sea

Prime Attractions Of Calicut (Kozhikode)

Pookot Lake

With Its Own Dream-like Serenity, This Natural Fresh Water Lake Surrounded By Meadows And Trees On All Sides Is A Haven For Peace-loving Travellers.

It Is Located Half Way From Calicut Half An Hour Ahead Of Kalpetta.

Thali Temple

Thali Temple, Located Downtown Is An Important Temple Of The Erstwhile Zamorin Kingdom Of Kozhikode.

The Temple Is Famous For The ‘Revathi Pattathanam’, An Annual Competition Of Pedagogic Skills.

Kerala Beypore Beach

Located at the mouth of the Chaliyar River in Kozhikode district, Beypore, one of the prominent ports and fishing harbours of ancient Kerala was an important trade and maritime centre.

Ancient Beypore was much sought after by merchants from Western Asia, for its ship building industry.

The boat building yard here is famous for the construction of the Uru, the traditional Arabian trading vessel.

The Beypore Beach has a bridge built nearly 2 kms into the sea.

It is actually made up of huge stones piled together for nearly 2 kms making a pathway into the sea.

General Information

Unique Features

Bridge Built Of Stone.

Location

10 Kms South Of Kozhikode, Kerala.

Formerly Known As

Ship Building Industry.

Prime Attractions of Calicut (Kozhikode)

Pookot Lake

With its own dream-like serenity, this natural fresh water lake surrounded by meadows and trees on all sides is a haven for peace-loving travellers. It is located half way from Calicut half an hour ahead of Kalpetta.

Thali Temple

Thali temple, located downtown is an important temple of the erstwhile Zamorin Kingdom of Kozhikode. The temple is famous for the ‘Revathi Pattathanam’, an annual competition of pedagogic skills.

Kerala Fort Kochi Beach

A leisurely walk through the lanes of the city is the best way to discover historic Fort Kochi.

An obscure fishing village that became the first European township in India, Kochi has an eventful and colourful history. The town was shaped by the Portuguese, the Dutch and later the British.

The result of these cultural interfaces is seen in the remains of the Indo-European architecture here.

Cochin Carnival on the New Year eve is a colourful festival not to be missed at the beach site.

General Information

Main Attraction

Fort Kochi Carnival

Location

12 Kms From Ernakulam, Kerala

Prime Attractions of Cochin (Kochi)

Bolghatty Palace

A Scenic island near the city of Ernakulam, Bolghatty is famous for the Bolghatty Palace built by the Dutch in 1744 AD.

Dutch Palace

Originally built by the Portuguese in the mid-16th century, the Dutch Palace or Mattancherry Palace is located at Mattancherry.

It was presented to the Kochi Maharaja in 1555 AD and later taken over by the Dutch who carried out repairs and extended it further.

Jewish Synagogue

The oldest synagogue in India, it was built in 1586 AD by the prosperous Jewish community whose links with Kerala began in Kodungalloor in northern Kerala.

Moppila Bay Beach Kerala

Moppila bay, the famous fishing harbour is situated near the St.Angelo’s Fort. The beach is a natural and now a modernised fishing harbour built with assistance under the Indo Norwegian pact.

The remnants of the temple & fort are still seen in Moppila bay.

The bay was famous during the Kolathiri’s regime as a commercial harbour that linked Kolathunadu with Lakshadweep and foreign countries, in imports.

A sea wall projecting from the fort separates the rough sea and inland water.

If the weather is favourable a ride in the sea will be a memorable experience.

Significance

Present

A Fishing Harbour.

General Information

Location

Kannur, Kerala.

Main Attraction

Remnants of Temple and Fort

Muzhappilangad Beach Kerala

Muzhappilangad, One Of The Longest Beaches In Kerala Is Located 15 Kms South Of Kannur. The Long Beach Is The Only Drive-in Beach In India.

Still Untouched, This Long, Clean Beach Protected By The Black Rocks From The Deep Currents, Make Its Shallow Water A Swimmer’s Paradise.

One Can Drive Down The Entire Length Of 4 Kms From Kannur To Tellicherry.

The Enchanting Ambience Of The Beautiful Muzhappilangad Beach Invites One To Swim, Sunbathe, Or Just Laze Around.

From Muzhappilangad, One Can View The Dharmadam Island Or The Green Island.

A Remarkable Conjunction Of Beach And Island Is Just Across The Anjarakkandy River.

Significance

Present

One Of The Longest Beaches In Kerala

General Information

Location

15 Kms South Of Kannur, Kerala

Unique Features

Only Drive-In Beach In Kerala

Varkala Beach Kerala

Varkala Is A Sea Side Resort, As Well As An Important Hindu Centre Of Pilgrimage. High Cliffs With Rich Mineral Springs Rise Majestically From The Coastline.

The 2000 Year Old Janardana Swamy Temple And The Nature Centre Are The Two Main Attractions Here. High Cliffs Border The Excellent Beach.

It’s A Beautiful Beautiful Beach That Has A More Than 2000 Years Old Shrine Of Lord Vishnu.

Varkala Beach Is Rich In Mineral Water Springs That Are Known For Their Medicinal Value.

A Dip In The Holy Waters Of Varkala Beach Is Believed To Purge The Body And The Soul Of All The Sins Hence The Name ‘Papanashini’ For This Shore.

At The Break Of Dawn Following The New Moon In The Malayalam Month Of ‘Karkidakam’, Thousands Offer ‘Vavu Bali’, A Ritual Believed To Help The Souls Of Ancestors Rest In Peace.

Significance

Religious

Varkala Beach Has A 2000 Year Old Shrine Of Lord Vishnu

How To Get There

By Road

Varkala Is 54 Km From Thiruvananthapuram And 37 Km From Kollam.

Varkala Is 90 Minutes Away On The Bus And A Pleasant Convenient Place To Stop For A Night Or More Or An Afternoon When Travelling Between Alappuzha Or Kollam And Thiruvananthapuram.

By Rail

The Railway Station Is 3 Kms From The Beach.

General Information

Location

Varkala Is 54 Km From Thiruvananthapuram And 37 Km From Kollam.

Main Attraction

Janardana Swamy Temple

Prime Attractions Of Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram)

Aaranmula Boat Race

The Aaranmula Boat Race Is Staged Each Year In The Scenic Village Of Aaranmula In August/ September. This River Carnival Is Part Of The Aaranmula Temple Festival.

Payyambalam Beach Kerala

The Payyambalam Beach Located Near The Kannur Town Is One Of The Beautiful Beaches In The State Of Kerala. This Beautiful Stretch Of Sand And Surf Is The Best Locale For A Relaxed Evening.

Quiet, Secluded, Beautiful, This Enchanting Sandy Beach Bordering Kannur Is Famous As The Mortal Remains Of Swadeshabimani Ramakrishna Pillai, A.K. Gopalan, Pamban Madavan And K.G.

Marar Are Laid To Rest Near This Resort.

The Payyambalam Beach Is A Popular Picnic Spot Of The Local People And Holds Much Potential For Development Into A Tourist Resort.

Nearby Is Ezhimala, The Capital Of The Ancient Mooshika Kings, Considered To Be An Ancient Historical Site.

It Is A Conspicuous, Isolated Cluster Of Hills, Forming A Promontory.

A Flourishing Seaport And Centre Of Trade In Ancient Kerala, It Was One Of The Major Battle Fields Of The Chola-Chera War Of The 11th Century.

Significance

Historical

the Mortal Remains Of Swadeshabimani Ramakrishna Pillai, A.K. Gopalan, Pamban Madavan And K.G. Marar Are Laid To Rest Near This Resort.

General Information

Location

Kannur, Kerala

Edakkal Cave in Kerala

Situated on Ambukuthi Hills, Edakkal caves are 10 kilometers from Sultanbathery, in Wayanad district.Formed by a large split in a huge rock, the two natural rock formations represent the world’s richest pictographic gallery of its kind.

The two caves located at a height of 1000m on Ambukutty Mala near Ambalavayal can be accessed only by a 1 km trek trail from Edakkal. Edakkal literally means ‘a stone in between’.

It is a prehistoric rock shelter shaped naturally out of an odd disposition of 3 Brobdingnagian boulders creating one to rest on the opposite two, with its bottom jutting get into between and serving because the roof.

Edakkal rock engravings stand out distinct among the magnitude of prehistoric visual archives of paintings and graphic signs everywhere the globe.

Significance

Present

World’s Richest Pictographic Gallery of its kind

Archaeological

Archaeologists consider these as one of the earliest centres of human habitation.

It is believed that similar straight-line cave drawings that are considered 7000 years old can be seen only in Stiriya in the European Alps and a few rocky places in Africa.

General Information

Location

Ambukuthi Hills, Wayanad

Unique Features

One Of The Earliest Centres Of Human Habitation

Prime Attractions of Sultan Bathery

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

Established in 1973, the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is contiguous to the protected areanetwork of Nagarhole and Bandipore of Karnataka and Mudumalai of Tamilnadu.

Vizhinjam Rock Cut Cave

Vizhinjam Rock Cut Cave essentially constitutes the rock cut sculptures of the eighteenth century within the cave temple at Vizhinjam.

The granite cave here encloses a acellular shrine with a loose sculpture of Vinandhara Dakshinamurthi.

The outer wall of the cave depicts half-complete reliefs of the Hindu God Shiva with goddess Parvathi.

General Information

Evolution/Origin
18th Century

Prime Attractions of Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram)

Aaranmula Boat Race

The Aaranmula Boat Race is staged each year in the scenic village of Aaranmula in August/ September. This river carnival is part of the Aaranmula Temple festival.

Varkala Beach

Varkala is a sea side resort, as well as an important Hindu centre of pilgrimage. High cliffs with rich mineral springs rise majestically from the coastline.

Duff Muttu Dance

Duffmuttu Is A Dance Form Popular Among The Muslims Of Malabar. Also Known As ‘Aravanamuttu’, It Is Performed Both As A Ritual, And A Social Entertainment During Festivals And Nuptical Ceremonies.

The Songs Are Often Tributes To Martyrs, Heroes And Saints. Performed At Any Time Of The Day, The Dance Has No Fixed Time Limit.

Performed By

Muslim Community.

Accompanying Instruments

Duffu.

Dance Style

Duffmuttu Is A Group Performance With The Artistes Beating On A Quaint Round Percussion Instrument Called The ‘Duffu’.

While The Leader Of The Group Sings, The Others Form The Chorus And Move In Circles.

Kathakali Dance Of Kerala

Kerala Owes Its Transnational Fame To The Nearly 300-year-old Classical Dance Form Of Kathakali, Which Combines Facets Of Ballet, Opera, Masque And Pantomime. It Is Said To Have Evolved From Other Performing Arts Like Kootiyattam And Ramanattam.

Kathakali Explicates Events And Stories From The Indian Epics And ‘Puranas’, Ancient Scriptures.

Presented In The Temple Precincts After Dusk Falls, Kathakali Is Heralded By The Kelikottu Or The Beating Of Drums In Accompaniment Of The Chengila (gong).

The Dancers Adorn Themselves With Huge Skirts And Head-dress, Wearing A Most Intricate Style Of Make-up.

The Richness Of This Riveting Mix Of Colour, Expression, Music, Drama And Dance Is Unparalleled In Any Other Art Form.

 Kathakali Training

Kathakali Lays Great Emphasis On Complex Body Movements And Facial Expressions. It Is An Exacting Art Form, Which Demands Years Of Rigorous Training. Until The Beginning Of This Century, Kathakali Aspirants Stayed With The Guru Or Teacher, Right From A Young Age And Underwent A Twelve-year Course.

With The Advent Of Formal Training Centres, This ‘Gurukula’ System Has Virtually Disappeared.

As In Kalarippayattu, Massage Forms An Integral Part Of Kathakali Training.

The Massage Aims At Acquiring Body Suppleness.

Students Of Kathakali Have To Undergo Rigorous Training Replete With Oil Massages And Separate Exercises For The Eyes, Lips, Cheeks And The Neck.

‘Abhinaya’ Or Expression Is Of As Prime Importance As ‘nritya’ Or Dance And ‘geetham’ Or Song.

Complementing Highly Evocative Facial Expressions, The ‘mudras’, And The Music- Both Vocal And Instrumental, Kathakali Unfolds Stories From A Bygone Era With Finesse Reminiscent Of The Greek Plays.

Accompanying Instruments

The Orchestra Consists Of Two Drums- The ‘Maddalam’ And ‘Chenda’, The ‘Chengila’, Which Is A Bell Metal Gong And The ‘Ilathalam’ Or Cymbals.

Costumes / Accessories / Make Up

The Costume Is Elaborate With Lots Of Paint Applied On The Face Of The Artist.

The Pomp And Magnificence Of Kathakali Is Partly Due To Its Décor, Part Of Which Include The ‘Kireetam’ Or Huge Head Gear, The ‘Kanchukam’ Or The Over Sized Jacket, And The Long Skirt Worn Over A Thick Padding Of Cushions.

The Identity Of The Actor Is Completely Negated To Create A Superhuman Being Of Larger-than-life Proportions. Great Importance Is Laid On The ‘Vesham’, Or Make-up Which Is Of Five Types- ‘Pacha’, Kathi’, ‘Thadi’, ‘Kari’ And Minukku’.

  1. Pacha (Green):‘Pacha Vesham’ Or The Green Make-up Portrays Noble Protagonists.
  2.  Kathi (Knife):Kathi Vesham Portrays Villainous Characters.
  3.  Kari (Black): Kari Vesham Is Used For Demonesses.
  4. Minukku (Prettying Up):The ‘Minukku Vesham’ Is Used For Female Characters And Sages.
  5. Thadi (Beard):There Are Three Types Of Beards Or ‘Thadi Veshams’, Namely:
    ‘Vella Thadi’ Or White Beard Is For Super-human Characters Like Hanuman, The Monkey God.
    ‘Chuvanna Thadi’ Or The Red Beard Is For Evil Characters.
    ‘Karutha Thadi’ Or The Black Beard Is For The Hunter.

Dance Style

The Language Of The Dancer: Mudra

Mudra Is A Stylized Gestural Language, Used To Depict An Idea, A Situation Or A State Of Being. A Kathakali Actor Conveys His Ideas Through ‘mudras’. For This, He Follows A Codified Sign Language Based On The ‘Hastalakshana Deepika’, A Treatise On The Language Of Hand Gestures, And The ‘Natya Sasthra’.

Mohniyattam, Another Classical Dance, Too Follows The Same Pattern Of Mudras As Is Used In Kathakali. There Are Twenty-four Basic ‘mudras’, Using One Or Both Hands In Addition To Combinations Of Body Postures And Facial Expressions. They Also Undergo Variations In Meaning Depending On The Context. Certain ‘mudras’ Can Have Upto Thirty Or Forty Meanings.

Patayani Dance Kerala

Patayani Is A Week-long Ritual Dance, Held In Kaali Temples On The Banks Of The Pamba River, During The Malayalam Months Of Meenam And Medam (March-April).

The Choice Theme Of The Dancers Is The Slaying Of The Demon Daarikan By The Goddess Kaali.

The Steps And Movements Of The Dance Vary According To Each ‘Kolam’ Or Character.

Thappu Is The Major Percussion Instrument Accompanied By A Few ‘Chendas’. Patayani Is Usually Performed By The Nair Community, As A Ritual Offering.

Performed By

The Men Of Nair Community

Accompanying Instruments

Thappu, Chendas

Dance Style

Traditionally, The Village Astrologer Prepares The Masks Of The Gods. Patayani Masks Are Made With The Fresh Spathe Of Arecanut Palms. ‘Bhairavi’ (Bhadrakaali), ‘Yakshi’, ‘Pakshi’ (Bird) And ‘Kaalari’ (Siva) Are The Main Characters.

Various Communities Targetted For Criticism Are Represented By Jesters. ‘Kadammanitta’, ‘Kadalimangalam’ And ‘Othara’ Are Famous For Annual Patayani Performances.

Kerala Onam Festival

Onam, The Harvest Festival Is The Most Popular Festival Of Kerala. A Festival That Celebrates A Happy Blend Of Myth And Reality, Onam Is Part Of The Cultural Repertoire Of Every Malayalee.

It Brings Back Nostalgic Memories, Carried On The Wings Of Folklore, Of A Bygone Utopian Era Of Prosperity, Equality And Righteousness, Under The Golden Reign Of Mahabali.

Year After Year, For Centuries, The People Of Kerala, Irrespective Of Caste, Creed Or Colour, Join Together To Welcome Back Their Vanquished King.

The Ten-day Onam Festival Falls In August-September, Coinciding With The Beginning Of The Harvest Season.

Celebration Preparations & Decorations

Preparation Of A Floral Carpet Called “Athappookkalam” In Front Of Houses, From The First Day Of ‘Atham’ To The Tenth Day Of ‘Thiruvonam’ Is Part Of The Festivities, Which Is A Symbolic Gesture To Welcome King Mahabali.

The State Government Conducts Tourism Week Celebrations In Connection With Onam, Showcasing The Gems Of Kerala’s Culture.

Onam Resonates With Carnivals, Boat Races, Dance, Music And Feast.A Sumptious Meal On Plantain Leaf And The Traditional Sweet Dish Of Kerala ‘Payasam’ Etc Are Served In Every House

The Pomp And Pageantry Of Onam Reflects The Keralite’s Zest For All The Beautiful Things Of Life.

Celebration Trends And Rituals

According To Local Belief, In A War That Took Place Between The Gods And The Demons, The Demons Won.

Deeply Hurt By The Defeat Of The Gods, Aditi, Their Mother Prayed To Lord Vishnu To Destroy Mahabali, The Demon King.

Consequently, Lord Vishnu, In The Guise Of A Brahmin Boy, Vamanan, Went To Mahabali And Asked Him To Grant Him Three Steps Of Land.

The Wish Was Granted And Vamanan Covered The Whole Land With His Two Steps And Then He Came Back To The King Asking Him Where Can He Place The Third Step.

The King To Honour His Word, Offered His Head As The Third Step. Vamanan Pushed Mahabali Deep Down Into The Earth.

Pleased By His Honesty And Generosity, The Lord In Turn Granted Him A Wish That He Could He Could Visit His Kingdom And People On A Particular Day Once A Year.

Significance

Harvest Festival

Malabar Mahotsavam Festival Kerala

Malabar Mahotsavam Is A Cultural Extravaganza That Showcases The Centuries Old Rich Cultural Heritage Of Kerala.

The Event Is At Mananchira Maidan (ground) In The Heart Of Kozhikode Town From 13th To 16th January Every Year.

Celebration Preparations & Decorations

The Festival Highlights Musical Concerts, Performances Of Various Classical Dances Like Kathakali, Mohiniyattom, Ottanthullal Etc And Ritual Artforms Like Koothu, Thewam, Thira Etc.

The Festival Is Also An Occasion To Relish The Native Cuisines And Enjoy Mind Blowing Firework Displays.

Prime Attractions Of Calicut (Kozhikode)

Pookot Lake

With Its Own Dream-like Serenity, This Natural Fresh Water Lake Surrounded By Meadows And Trees On All Sides Is A Haven For Peace-loving Travellers. It Is Located Half Way From Calicut Half An Hour Ahead Of Kalpetta.

Thali Temple

Thali Temple, Located Downtown Is An Important Temple Of The Erstwhile Zamorin Kingdom Of Kozhikode. The Temple Is Famous For The ‘Revathi Pattathanam’, An Annual Competition Of Pedagogic Skills.

Kerala Gramam Village Fair

General Information

Gramam, The Exotic Village Fair Represents The Nostalgic Recreation Of Bygone Era Of Rustic Simplicity And Ethnic Charm.

Held In January, On The Golden Sands Of The Famous Kovalam Beach Resort, Just 16 Kms From Thiruvananthapuram City, It Is A Typical Kerala Village Of Yore, Replete With The Traditional Nalukettu. Astrologers, Artisans And Even Sorcerers, Provide The Visitor A Glimpse Of Kerala’s Rich Past. Classical Art Forms Of Kerala Are Presented In Evenings.

Unique Features

Mesmerising Art Forms

The Fair Wears A New Look In The Evenings. Almost Every Dance, Art And Martial Art Form Of Kerala Is Performed In The Open-air Auditorium Of Gramam.

Various Classical Dances Like Kathakali, Mohiniyattom, Traditional And Folk Dances Like Oppana, The Martial Art Form, Kalaripayattu And Other Ritualistic Folk Arts Like Theyyam, Pulikali, Villupattu, Pavakkoothu, Kakkarisi Natakam, Panchavadyam, Thullal And Bhajans Etc. Are A Few Of The Attractions.

Traditional Meal

Savour The Local Cuisine At The Chayakada

At The ‘Chayakada’, The Village Tea Shop, Relish The Taste Of The Tender Coconut, The Refreshing Tea (chaya) Or The Tangy Lime Juice.

Sitting On The Comfortable Wooden Chairs And Stools, One Can Savour Local Delicacies Like ‘Kappa’ And ‘Meen’ (steamed Tapioca Served With Fish Curry) Or ‘Puttu’ And ‘Kadala’ (pounded Rice Cake Steamed In Bamboo Shoots Served With A Lentil Dish).

Attappady Hill Station

Attappady Situated On The Northeastern Side Of The District Of Palakkad And Spread Over An Area Of 827 Sq. Kms Has The Largest Tribal Settlement.

Located 38 Kms From Mannakkad, The Place Consists Of Mostly Hilly Highland Terrain, Fed By The Tributaries Of The River Cauvery.

An Extensive Mountain Valley Above The Crest Of The Ghat Ranges With Numerous Rivulets Of The Bhavani River, Attapady Is Inhabited Mainly By Tribes And Some Settlers From Tamil Nadu.

A Beautiful Synthesis Of Mountains, Rivers And Forests, Attapaddy Is Of Great Interest To Anthropologists, As This Is The Habitat Of Many Tribes Like The ‘irolas’ And ‘mudugars’.

The Malleshwaram Peak Is Worshipped As A Gigantic ‘Shivalinga’, By The Tribals Who Also Celebrate The Festival Of Shivratri With Great Gusto.

The Tribals Celebrate The Festival By Lighting The Top Of This Peak. Silent Valley National Park, Siruvani Drinking Water Reservoir Are The Tourist Centres Of The Valley. The Highest Peak In The District Is Situated Here. A PWD Rest House And A Few Private Hotels Offer Accommodation At Agali.

General Information – Attappady

Location

38 Kms From Mannarkkad.

Area

827 Sq. Kms.

Unique Features

The Gigantic Shivalinga.

Nelliyampathy Hill Station Kerala

Located At A Distance Of 52 Kms From Palakkad, The Cool Hills Of Nelliampathy, Nestling Atop The Western Ghats, Offer A Breathtaking View Of The Misty Mountains And Enchanting Valleys Interspersed With Sprawling Tea, Coffee, Cardamom And Orange Plantations.

The Bracing Climate And Green Magic Of Nature Enhance The Exhilarating Experience.

For A Vantage View Of The Spectacle, One Must Visit Seethakundu, Where A 100m High Waterfall Provides An Added Attraction.

It Offers A Fantastic View Of The Valley Below A Wide-angled Vision Of One-third Of The Entire Palakkad Area.

A Forest Range 75 Kms From Palakkad, The Nelliyampathy Hills Comprise A Chain Of Ridges Cut Off From One Another By Valleys Of Dense Evergreen Forests And Orange Plantations.

The Height Of The Hills Ranges From 467 Metres To The Tallest Peak Padagiri Looming At 1572 Metres. Nelliyampathy Has Immense Trekking Potential. The Community Hall At Kaikatty Provides A Good Camping Ground For The Trekkers.

Accessing Nelliyampathy From Palakkad Is A Sensation On Its Own, As One Has To Negotiate Over A Dozen Hairpin Curves On The Ghat Road, Passing Through The Fascinating Jungles Of The Sahya Ranges. En Route, 17 Kms From Palakkad, The Shimmering Pothundi Reservoir And Its Manicured Surroundings Make For The Ideal Stop Over.

How To Get There – Nelliyampathy

By Air

The Nearest Airport Is At Coimbatore In The Neighbouring State Of Tamilnadu, About 55 Km From Palakkad.

By Rail

The Nearest Railway Station Is In Palakkad, About 5 Km From Palakkad Town.

By Road

The Hills Of Nelliyampathy Lie At A Distance Of 75 Kms From Palakkad. It Takes 2 ½ Hours To Travel To The Place.

General Information – Nelliyampathy

Location

75 Kms From Palakkad, Kerala

Altitude

1572 M Above Sea Level

Languages

Malayalam, Hindi, English

 

 

 

 

 

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