Kerala

Kerala

Things to do - general

 

Kerala is actually the undiscovered Asian nation. it’s God’s own country and a bewitchingly lovely, emerald-green sliver of land. it’s a tropical paradise removed from the traveler trial at the southwestern dry land tip, sandwiched between the tall mountains and therefore the deep ocean. Kerala may be a long stretch of captivating leafage. The tall exotic coco palm dominates the landscape.


Places to Explore in Kerala-:

  • Munnar
  • Thekkady
  • Periyar
  • Alleppey
  • Cochin
  • Kovalam
  • Kumarakom
  • Thiruvananthapuram
  • Wayanad
  • Periyar National Park

Explore Kerala Forts-:

Anchuthengu Fort Kerala

The historic remains of the Anchuthengu Fort in Thiruvananthapuram built by the English East India Company in the 17th century and an adjoining cemetery are noteworthy relics of this first major British trading station on the Malabar coast.

Significance – First Major British Trading Station on the Malabar Coast.

Location- 36 Kms From Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

Origin –17th Century.

Built By-British East India Company.


Bekal fort

That is that the largest and also the best-preserved fort in Kerala is that the most significant monument of the region. This fort, settled on the main road, is believed to own been inbuilt the 1650’s by Sivappa Naik of the Ikkeri family line. Later it absolutely was transferred to Hyder Ali of Mysore then to British people.

Specialty- Largest Fort In Kerala.

Location- Bekal, Kerala.

Built By- Sivappa Naik

Built-In- 1650 A.D.


St. Angelo Fort Kerala

St. Angelo Fort, The Sea Front Fort Was Constructed In 1505 AD By The First Portuguese Viceroy Don Francisco De Almeda With The Consent Of The Ruling Kolathiri Raja.

After Changing Hands From The Portuguese To The Dutch And Then To The English, The Fort Became One Of The Important Military Centers Of The British In Malabar. A Huge Triangular Structure Built Of Laterite, With A Moat And Strong Flanking Bastions.

St. Angelo Fort Was Captured By The Dutch From The Portuguese In 1663 AD And Sold Off To Ali Raja Of Kannur In 1772 AD. The British Rebuilt It And Made It The Most Important Military Base In Malabar For Their Soldiers During The British Colonial Rule, After Capturing It In 1790 AD.

The Fort, Which Is Now Under The Archaeological Survey Of India, Offers Fascinating Views Of The Mappila Bay Fishing Harbour And Dharmadam Island.

Significance- Served As A Military Base For The British.

Location- Kannur, Kerala.

Origin- 1505 AD.

Built By- Don Francisco De Almeda


Palakkad Fort In Kerala

Palakkad Fort, The Old Granite Fort Situated In The Very Heart Of Palakkad Town Is One Of The Best Preserved In Kerala. It Was Built By Haider Ali Of Mysore, In 1766 AD.

The Fort Was Taken Over And Modified By The British In 1790 AD. Also Known As Tipu’s Fort, Palakkad Fort Was Supposedly Built To Hasten Communication Between Coimbatore And The West Coast.

In 1784 AD, After A Siege Lasting Eleven Days, The British Colonel, Fullerton Stormed The Fort. It Later Fell Into The Hands Of The Zamorin’s Troops But Was Recaptured By The British In 1790 AD.

Martyr’s Column, Open Air Auditorium called “Rappadi” Are Located In The Spacious Grounds Of The Fort, Now Preserved By The Archaeological Survey Of India. There Is Also A Children’s Park On One Of The Sides Of The Fort.

Location- Palakkad, Kerala.

Built By- Haider Ali.

Built-In- 1790

Visa requirements

Visa Required for Foreigners.

Languages spokenMalayalam
Currency usedINR
Area (km2)38,863

Sports & nature

Kerala Adventure & Activities

Kerala Is Amidst The Western Ghats Rugged Mountains And The Arabian Sea Turquoise Waters That It Presents A Suitable Topography For Adventure Activities. Rock Climbing, Camping In The Wild, River Rafting, Trekking, White Water Surfing, Cross Country Biking And Jeep Safaris Are Some Of The Activities That Make Your Adrenaline Pumping.


Biking

Biking Can Enjoy The Kerala Fascinating Routes Through The Countryside And See Village Folks. Winding Roads Take Bikers To Scenic Tea Plantations Or Local Bazaars And Charming Towns. A Leisurely Biking Excursion Offers High-Intensity Adventure.


Trekking

Trekking In Kerala Is Suitable For People Who Love Challenges. This State Has Lush Tropical Forests And Mighty Mountains. The Rainforests Are Also Invigorating Trekking Trails. The Trek Duration May Comprise Of Just Half A Day Or Even Multiple Days That Includes Participants Fitness And Camping. The Best Trekking Destinations Are Chembra Peak, Thenmala, Agasthyarkoodam, Periyar And Munnar.


Other Activities

Jeep Safaris Offers An Exhilarating Experience With Family. This Is A Delight For Wildlife Photographers And Adventure Lovers. Camping In The Wild Is A Way To Appreciate The Charm And Beauty Of Nature.

Camping And Enjoying Snuggling Into Sleeping Bags, Is A Way Of Experiencing The Thrill Of Life. It Offers An Incomparable Experience In The Wilderness. You Can Carry Non-perishable Goods Such As Nuts And Dried Fruits.

Rock Climbing, River Rafting, Kayaking And Canoeing Are Some Of The Adventure Filled Activities That You Never Know When Time Flies Away.


Aaranmula Boat Race

The Aaranmula Boat Race is staged each year in the scenic village of Aaranmula in August/ September. This river carnival is part of the Aaranmula Temple festival.

Culture and history info

Crafts Of Kerala

Kerala Is Famed For Its Carvings, Cast Bell Metal Work, Jewellery, Granite Idols, Pillars, Coir, Coconut Shell Products, Carvings In Wood, Especially Rose Wood Or Sandal Wood, Snake Boat Models, And Other Figurines.

Drums Like 'Chenda', 'Maddalam', 'Mridangam' And 'Edakka' Are Carved Out Of A Single Piece Logs. Accessories For Kathakali And Other Popular Dance Forms Are Made Out Of Wood Or Papier-mache.

The Bulk Of These Handicrafts Are Exported. Polished Coconut Ashtrays, Lamp Stands, Flower Vases, Coir Carpets And Floor Mats, Reed Mats, Purses, Bags, and Carved Wooden Furniture Is Also In Vogue.


Kerala Performing And Folk Arts

Kerala Is Highest In Quality, Quantity, and Variety Of Performing Ritual And Folk Arts. This Influence Is Seen In Their Folk Dances Performed During Sowing Seeds, Harvests And Other Festivals. It Is Interesting As Special Dance Forms Are Performed Separately By Men And Women. The Traditional Dances Include Ornaments, Costumes and are A Directness Of Expression.

Kathakali Is The Prominent Art Forms And Is Considered To Be Unique. It Blends The Theatre Elements, Music, Dance, Martial Arts, and Makeup. The Colorful Performance Of Dancers Gives An Opportunity To Witness, Know The Entire Story, Emotions, and Ideas. The Hand Gestures, Body Movements, and Vivid Facial Expressions Are Mesmerizing. Kathakali Performers Have Traditional Heavy Makeup. This Folk Dance Is Performed In Festivals In The Temples.

Mohiniattam Is A Classical Dance Form That Presents Graceful Bodily Movements. This Is Performed By Women Only And Is A Group Dance And Also A Solo Show. This Is Performed At Temples In The Months Of October To March. This Dance Form Relates To A Hindu Myth Where, God Vishnu Assumed Mohini’s Form And Performed This Dance.

Theyyam Is Also A Prominent Folk Art And Is Over 1500 Years Old. This Is A Devotional Performance And The Performers Are Regarded To Be Divine And The Devotees Take Their Blessings.  Padayani And Koodiyattam Are Also Some Of The Performances.


Kerala Onam Festival

Onam, The Harvest Festival Is The Most Popular Festival Of Kerala. A Festival That Celebrates A Happy Blend Of Myth And Reality, Onam Is Part Of The Cultural Repertoire Of Every Malayalee.

It Brings Back Nostalgic Memories, Carried On The Wings Of Folklore, Of A Bygone Utopian Era Of Prosperity, Equality, And Righteousness, Under The Golden Reign Of Mahabali.

Year After Year, For Centuries, The People Of Kerala, Irrespective Of Caste, Creed Or Colour, Join Together To Welcome Back Their Vanquished King.

The Ten-day Onam Festival Falls In August-September, Coinciding With The Beginning Of The Harvest Season.

Celebration Preparations & Decorations

Preparation Of A Floral Carpet Called "Athappookkalam" In Front Of Houses, From The First Day Of 'Atham' To The Tenth Day Of 'Thiruvonam' Is Part Of The Festivities, Which Is A Symbolic Gesture To Welcome King Mahabali.

The State Government Conducts Tourism Week Celebrations In Connection With Onam, Showcasing The Gems Of Kerala's Culture.

Onam Resonates With Carnivals, Boat Races, Dance, Music, And Feast. A Sumptuous Meal On Plantain Leaf And The Traditional Sweet Dish Of Kerala 'Payasam' Etc Are Served In Every House

The Pomp And Pageantry Of Onam Reflect The Keralite's Zest For All The Beautiful Things Of Life.

Celebration Trends And Rituals

According To Local Belief, In A War That Took Place Between The Gods And The Demons, The Demons Won.

Deeply Hurt By The Defeat Of The Gods, Aditi, Their Mother Prayed To Lord Vishnu To Destroy Mahabali, The Demon King.

Consequently, Lord Vishnu, In The Guise Of A Brahmin Boy, Vamanan, Went To Mahabali And Asked Him To Grant Him Three Steps Of Land.

The Wish Was Granted And Vamanan Covered The Whole Land With His Two Steps And Then He Came Back To The King Asking Him Where Can He Place The Third Step.

The King To Honour His Word, Offered His Head As The Third Step. Vamanan Pushed Mahabali Deep Down Into The Earth.

Pleased By His Honesty And Generosity, The Lord, In Turn, Granted Him A Wish That He Could Visit His Kingdom And People On A Particular Day Once A Year.

Significance -Harvest Festival


Malabar Mahotsavam Festival Kerala

Malabar Mahotsavam Is A Cultural Extravaganza That Showcases The Centuries-Old Rich Cultural Heritage Of Kerala.

The Event Is At Mananchira Maidan (ground) In The Heart Of Kozhikode Town From 13th To 16th January Every Year.

Celebration Preparations & Decorations

The Festival Highlights Musical Concerts, Performances Of Various Classical Dances Like Kathakali, Mohiniyattom, Ottanthullal Etc And Ritual Artforms Like Koothu, Thewam, Thira Etc.

The Festival Is Also An Occasion To Relish The Native Cuisines And Enjoy Mind Blowing Firework Displays.

Prime Attractions Of Calicut (Kozhikode)

Pookot Lake

With Its Own Dream-like Serenity, This Natural Fresh Water Lake Surrounded By Meadows And Trees On All Sides Is A Haven For Peace-loving Travellers. It Is Located Half Way From Calicut Half An Hour Ahead Of Kalpetta.

Thali Temple

Thali Temple, Located Downtown Is An Important Temple Of The Erstwhile Zamorin Kingdom Of Kozhikode. The Temple Is Famous For The 'Revathi Pattathanam', An Annual Competition Of Pedagogic Skills.

 

Amazing Rajasthan Kerala Tour

Amazing Rajasthan Kerala Tour

Kerala, Rajasthan, Delhi
Itinerary Day 1: Arrival Delhi After arriving in Delhi, our representative will welcome you and guid More info
Bird Watching Tour

Bird Watching Tour

Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala
Karnataka is the eighth largest state of India and is situated on the western edge of the Deccan pla More info
Culinary Tour Kerala

Culinary Tour Kerala

Kerala
The region offers a calm and soothing environment which makes it a haven for nature, it’s refreshing More info
Explore Kerala Ayurveda Tour

Explore Kerala Ayurveda Tour

Kerala
‘Ayurvedic Tour’ is a well-designed itinerary which gives you the chance to explore some of the stun More info
EXPLORE KERALA BACKWATER TOUR

EXPLORE KERALA BACKWATER TOUR

Kerala
EXPLORE KERALA BACKWATER TOUR A sojourn in Kettuvallams, the Houseboats of Kerala, offers a position More info
EXPLORE KERALA HONEYMOON

EXPLORE KERALA HONEYMOON

Kerala
EXPLORE KERALA HONEYMOON A honeymoon is a vacation take by newlyweds shortly after a wedding to cele More info
EXPLORE VIBRANT KERALA

EXPLORE VIBRANT KERALA

Kerala
Kerala is often referred to as God’s own country and home to some of the most tropical landscapes In More info
Rejuvenating Kerala Tour

Rejuvenating Kerala Tour

Kerala
Kerala is one of the most sought after tourist destinations in India.‘Rejuvenating Kerala Tour’ is a More info
South India Eco Tour

South India Eco Tour

Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala
Itinerary Day 01: Chennai  On arrival at  Chennai. Greet & Meeting on assistance and transfer to More info
Taste of Kerala Culinary Tour

Taste of Kerala Culinary Tour

Kerala
‘The Taste of Kerala Culinary Tour’ is well-designed itinerary which will give you the chance to exp More info

Ayurveda And Yoga

Ayurveda And Yoga

It’s Called The Science Of Life. Ancient Historical Records Put Its Age At More Than 5000 Years. The Ancient Wisdom Of This Healing System Has Surpassed The Test Of Time, Proving That Its Philosophy Of Healing Has Magical Results. Welcome To The World Of Ayurveda, The Ultimate Panacea.

Though Ayurveda Is Practiced All Over India Its Practice Is Followed As Per Age-Old Traditions And Disciplines Only In Kerala Where It Originated And Was Passed On From Generation To Generation Through Ayurveda Physicians. This Ancient Science Focuses On Creating Health As Well As Curing Disease And Takes Into Account The Patient’s Entire Being – Body, Mind, And Spirit.

Pronounced Eye-yer-say-duh, Ayurveda Is The Art Of Healthy Living That Enables You To Create Harmony In Daily Life By Applying Self-knowledge And Self-care. The Word Ayurveda Originates From The Ancient Indian Language, Sanskrit, And Literally Means Knowledge Of Life (Ayur = Life, Veda = Science). Inherent In Ayurvedic Principles Is The Concept That You Are Capable Of Taking Charge Of Your Own Life And Healing.

The Ayurvedic Approach To Life Involves Listening To And Addressing The Unique Needs Of Your Body, Recognizing And Balancing Your Mental And Emotional States And Deepening Your Connection With Your Spirit. Ayurveda Recognises Three Main Energies That Combine To Form All Things In The Universe. These Are Recognised As Being Fundamental To All Life And Are Seen In The Processes Of Growth, Maintenance, and Decay.

Ayurveda Calls These Energies Vata, Pitha, and Kapha. In Western Sciences, They Are Called Anabolism, Metabolism, and Catabolism. These Energies Combine In Limitless Ways To Create The Unique Qualities Of Each Individual. When You Become Aware Of These Qualities Within Yourself, You Take The First Steps Towards Creating A Healthy Life.

There Are Four Main Classifications Of Management Of Disease In Ayurveda:

  • Shodan (cleansing)
  • Shaman (palliation)
  • Rasayana (rejuvenation)
  • Satvajaya (mental Hygiene)

The Treatment Mainly Comprises Of Powders, Tablets, Decoctions (boiled Teas) And Medicated Oils Prepared From Natural Herbs, Plants And Minerals. Because The Medicines Are Made From Natural Sources And Not Synthetic, They Are Accepted And Assimilated In The Body Without Creating Any Side Effects. Medicine, Proper Diet, Exercise And Life Style Are Also Advised.


Treatments Under Ayurveda

Panchakarma

Panchakarma Literally Means "five Actions" Or "five Treatments". This Is A Process Used To Clean The Body Of Toxic Materials Left By Disease And Poor Nutrition. According To Ayurveda Imbalanced Doshas Create Waste Matter. Panchakarma Removes Excess Doshas (or Imbalances In The Dosha) By Means Such As Sweat Glands, Urinary Tract, Intestines, Etc. Thus, Panchakarma Is A Balancing Operation. It Involves Daily Massage And Oil Baths And Is An Extremely Pleasant Experience. Ayurveda Recommends Panchakarma As A Seasonal Treatment For Toning Your Mind Body System.

Sweat Treatments (swedana)

Sweating Leads The Doshas To Fluidity, Making It Easier For It To Flow Out Of The System. It Opens Up The Pores And Rids The Body Of Impurities Through The Sweat Glands. This Is Achieved By Active Heating Done Within A Well Heated Chamber, Medicated Steam, Sauna, Hot Water Bottle, Sunbathing, Exposure To Fire (or Use Of An Infra-Red Lamp), Plasters Of Hot Substances Such As Mustard, Hot Baths Or Showers (especially With Medicated Oil Or Water), And Hot Packs.

Oil Massage (Abhyanga)

Abhyanga Is A Massage Done By Experienced Massage Therapists Using Herbal Oil. The Oil Is Specially Selected For The Particular Body Constitution. The Process Is Long And Thorough. More Force Is Used To Loosen The Excess Doshas And Direct Them Toward The Organs Of Elimination.

There Is A Related Treatment Called Shirodhara, In Which Warm, Herbalized Sesame Oil Is Dripped In A Stream Onto The Forehead To Profoundly Relax The Nervous System And Balance The Prana Vata, The Dosha That Exerts Control Over The Brain.

Purwakarma

This Breaks Down Into Two Types Of Preparatory Treatment: “Snehana” And “swedana.” Snehana Involves Massaging Herbal Oils Into The Skin To Help Eliminate Toxins. Blended Oils Treat Specific Disorders Such As Stress, Anxiety, Insomnia, Arthritis Or Circulation Problems. Oils Can Also Be Massaged Into The Scalp For Depression, Insomnia And Memory Problems. Snehana Can Sometimes Involve Lying In An Oil Bath, Which Is Thought To Be Even More Effective For You To Absorb The Herbal Oils’ Properties. This Is Combined With Swedana( Described Above) But On Different Days.

Samana (Herbal Remedies)

After Detoxification The Practitioner May Prescribe Herbal Or Mineral Remedies To Correct Imbalances In The Doshas.

Herbal Remedies Are Usually Prescribed In Liquid Form Or As Dried Herbs, Although They Can Also Come As Powder Or Tablets. The Ingredients Are Pre-prepared But The Blends Are Prescribed Individually. Each Ingredient Is Classified By The Effect It Has On Lowering Or Increasing Levels Of The Doshas.

The Treatment Is Elaborate But Effective. It Also Demands Strict Compliance To Diets, Medications and Adherence To Post Treatment Requirements Prescribed By The Ayurveda Physicians For It To Produce Effective Results. Whilst Most Resorts In Kerala Now Have An Ayurveda Centre That Provides General Ayurveda Treatments And Rejuvenation Massages, There Are Specific Ayurveda Centres For Those Seeking Long Term Treatments. For Details Of Ayurveda Resorts In Kerala Please See Pages 189 To 193.


Yoga

The Word Yoga, Too Most Of Us, Conjures Up Images Of People Sitting Cross Legged With Closed Eyes And Serene Expressions On Their Faces. To Others Who Have Witnessed More Advanced Yoga Poses It Brings Back Images Of People Tied In Knots. Well, If You Think Impossible Poses Is What Yoga Is About... Think Again.

Yoga Is An Ancient Indian School Of Knowledge And Like Ayurveda, Dates Back To More Than 5 Millennia. The Word 'Yoga' Came From The Sanskrit Word ‘yuj’ Which Means ‘to Unite Or Integrate.’ Yoga Is Therefore About The Union Of A Person’s Own Consciousness And The Universal Consciousness.

Ancient Yogis (practitioners Of Yoga) Believed That In Order For Man To Be In Harmony With Himself And His Environment, He Has To Integrate The Body, The Mind, And The Spirit. For These Three To Be Integrated, Emotion, Action, And Intelligence Had To Be In Balance. The Yogis Formulated A Way To Achieve And Maintain This Balance; Which Was Through Exercise, Breathing, And Meditation - The Three Main Yoga Structures.

In Yoga, The Body Is Treated With Care And Respect Since It Is The Main Instrument In Man’s Work And Growth. Yoga Exercises Improve Circulation, Stimulate The Abdominal Organs, And Put Pressure On The Glandular System Of The Body, Which Can Generally Result In Long Term Well Being.

Breathing Techniques Were Developed Based On The Concept That Breathing Is The Source Of Life. In Yoga, Students Gain Breathing Control As They Slowly Increase Their Breathing. By Focusing On Their Breathing, They Prepare Their Minds For The Next Step - Meditation.

There Is Also This Great Misconception That When Meditating One's Mind Has To Go Completely Blank. It Doesn’t Have To Be So. In Meditation, Students Bring The Activities Of The Mind Into Focus Resulting In A ‘quiet’ Mind. By Designing Physical Poses And Breathing Techniques That Develop Awareness Of Our Body, Yoga Helps Us Focus And Relieves Us From Our Everyday Stress.


Six Branches Of Yoga

There Are Six Main Branches Of Yoga Which Are As Follows:

  • Hatha Yoga Or Yoga Of Postures
  • Bhakti Yoga Or Yoga Of Devotion
  • Raja Yoga Or Yoga Of Self-Control
  • Jnana Yoga Or Yoga Of The Mind
  • Karma Yoga Or Yoga Of Service
  • Tantra Yoga Or Yoga Of Rituals

Yoga Being A Word That Creates Visions Of Mystic Chants And Spirituality, There Are A Lot Of Misconceptions About It, One Of Them Being That Yoga Is Connected To Religion. In Fact, Yoga Has Nothing To Do With Religion. It Is More Of A Set Of Techniques Which Can Help Us To Find Spirituality.

Being Synonymous With Words Like Peace And Relaxation, Kerala, Is An Ideal Place For Those Seeking Yoga And Meditation.