Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh

Things to do - general

Bandhavgarh Tourism

The density of the tiger population at Bandhavgarh is the highest known in India. This is also white Tiger country. These are found within the recent state of Rewa for several years. The last famed was captured by maharajah Martand Singh in 1951 . This White tiger , Mohun, is currently stuffed and on show within the Palace of the Mahrahahs of Rewa.

Bandhavgarh is densely inhabited with alternative species: the nice Bibos gaurus, or Indian bovid, may be seen with ease, as area unit available} onto the meadows to graze at dusk; deer and deer square measure a typical sight and nigai are to be seen within the a lot of open areas of the park.

The parcel is of nice rocky hills rising sharply from the sloughy and densely-forested natural depression bottoms. the best of those hills is Bandhavgarh, sided with nice cliffs and worn rocks and on its highest purpose stands Bandhavgarh fort, thought to be some 2,000 years previous.Scattered throughout the park, and particularly around the fort, are numerous caves containing shrines and ancient Sankrit inscriptions.

Covering 448 sq km, Bandhavgarh is situated in Shahdol district among the outlying hills of the vindhya range. At the centre of the Park is Bandhavgarh hiss, rising 811 metres above MSL-surrounding it are a large number of smaller hills separated by gently sloping valleys. These valleys finish in little, miry meadows, domestically called ‘bohera’. The lowest point in the park is at Tala (440 metres above MSL).

Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh, may be a fascinating amalgam of scenic beauty, historicity and fashionable urban coming up with. it’s set on the positioning of a eleventh century town, Bhojapal, supported by Raja Bhoja.

The founding father of the present town was but associate Afghan soldier of fortune, Dost Mahomet. Fleeing from urban center within the chaotic amount that followed Aurangazeb’s death, Dost Mahomet encountered the attractive Gond queen Kamalapati, UN agency kind his aid once the murder of her consort.

A charming legend relates how the queen would recline in lotus barge, that on moonlit nights, would drift across the lake. The two lakes of Bhopal still dominate the city, and are indeed its nucleus

Bordered along their shores stand silent sentinels that testify to the growth of a city.

Bhopal

Today presents a multi-faceted profile; the old city with its teeming market places and fine old mosques and palaces still bears the aristocratic imprint of its former rulers, among them the succession of powerful Begums who dominated Bhopal from 1819 to 1926.

Equally spectacular is that the new town with its abundant, exquisitely set out parks and gardens, broad avenues and efficient fashionable edifices.

Places of Interest in Bhopal: Vidisha or Besnagar as it is called in the pali sculptures, once the prosperous capital of the western dominions of the Sungas, contains some remarkable antiquites that throw light on the considerable architectural development of the period.

Gwalior

Kachwahas and Tomars have left indelible etching of their rule in this city of palaces, temples and monuments. The glorious momentoes of a wonderful past are preserved with care, giving Gwalior a novel and unaltered attractiveness. the traditional capital of Gwalior is steeped within the splendour of its past.. A multitude of regning dynasties,of the great Rajput clans of the Pratiharas.

Gwalior’s history is traced back to a legend: In 8 A.D. , a chieftain called Suraj Sen was stricken by a deadly disease. He was cured by a hermitsaint, Gwalipa, and in gratitude founded a city which he named after the saint who had given him the gift of a new life.

The new town of Gwalior became, over the centuries, the cradle of great dynasties and with every, town gained new dimensions from mortal kings, poets, musicians and saints, contributory ten creating it a capital noted throughout the country. Today , Gwalior may be a trendy Indian town, vibrant and active.

Places of Interest in Gwalior

Teli Ka Mandir and Sas Bahu Ka Mandir: The 9th century Teli Ka Mandir, towering 100ft. high, is a Pratihara Vishnu temple of a unique blending of architectural styles. The shape of the roof is distinctively Dravidian, while the decorative embellishments have the typically Indo-Aryan charactereistics of northern India. Also dedicated to Vishnu is the graceful Sas-Bahu Ka Mandir built in the 11 th century.

The Fort: Standing on a steep mass of sandstone, Gwalior Fort dominates the city and is its most magnificent monument. It has been the scene of momentous events: imprisonments, battles and jauhars. A steep road winds upwards to the fort, flanked by statues of the Jain tirthankaras, carved into the rock face. The magnificent outer walls of the fort still stand, two miles in length and 35 feet gigh, bearing witness to its reputation for being one of the most invincible fort still stand, two miles in length and 35 feet high, bearing witness to its reputation for being one of the most invincible forts of India. This imposing structure inspired Emperor Babur to desribe it as “the pearl amongst the fortrssess of Hind.”

Madhya Pradesh Tourism runs Sound and Light Show near Man Mandir in Hindi and English every evening. Amitabh Bachchan, the Indian superstar, narrates the story of Gwalior in his mesmerizing voice.

Gujari Mahal: Within the fort are some marvels of medieval architecture. The 15th Century Gujari Mahal is a monument to the love of Raja Mashing Tomar for his intrepid gujar queen, Mrignayani. The outer structure of gujari Mahal has survived in an almost total state of preservation; the interior has been converted into an Archaeoligical Museum housing rare antiquities, some of them dating back to the Ist contury AD. Even though many of these have been defaced by the iconoclastic Mughals, their perfection of form has survived the ravages of time. Particularly worth seeing is the statue of Shalbhanjika from Gyraspur, the tree goddess, epitome of perfection in miniature. The statue is kept in the custody of the museum’s curator, and can be seen on request.

Man Mandir Palace: Built between 1486 and 1517 by Raja Mansingh . The tiles that once adorned its exterior have not once adorned its exterior have not survived, but at the entrance, traces survived, but at the entrance, traces of these still remain. Within, the palace rooms stand bare, stripped of their former glory, testifying to the passing of the centuries. Vast chambers with fine stone screens were once the music from the great masters of the day. Below, circular dungeons housed the state prisoners of the Mughals. Emperor Aurangzeb had his brother, Murad, imprisoned, and later executed here. Close by is Jauhar Pond, where, in the Rajput tradition, the ranis committed mass sati after their consorts had been defeated in battle. At Man Mandir Palace, a poignant ambience of those day of chivalry and heroism still lingers in the silent chambers. A superbly mounted Son-et-Lumiere here brings it all alive every evening.

Suraj Kund: Though major protions of the fort were built in the 15th century, references to this gigantic complex can be traced back to 425 A.D. Older than the city is the Suraj Kund within the fort, walls, the original pond where Suraj Sen, or Suraj Pal as he was later known, was cured by saint Gwalipa.

Gurudwara Data Bandhi Chhod: Built in the momory of guru Hargobind Saheb, the 6th Sikh Guru who was imprisoned here by Emperor Jehangir for over two years.

Jai vilas Palace and Museum: A splendour of a different kind exists in the Jai Vilas Palace, current residence of the Sciindia family. Some 35 rooms have been turned into the Jivaji Rao Scindia Museum, and in these rooms, so evocative of a regal lifestyle, the past comes alive. Jai Vilas is an Italianate structure which combines the Tuscan and Corinthian architectural modes. The imposing Darbar hall has two central chandeliers weighing a couple of tones and hung only after ten elephants had tested the strength of the roof. Ceilings picked out in gilt, heavy draperies and tapestries, fine Persian carpets and antique furniture from France and Italy are features of these spacious rooms.

Eye-catching treasures include: a silver train with cutglass wagons which served guests as it chugged around the table on miniature rails; a glass cradle from Italy used for the baby Krishna each Janmashtami, silver dinner services and swords that were once worn by Aurangzed and Shah Jahan.

There are besides, personal mementoes of past members of the Scindia family: the jeweled slippers that belonged to Chinkoo Rani, four-poster beds, gifts from practically every country in the world, hunting trophies and portraits. The Scindia Museum offers an unparalleled glimpse into the rich culture and lifestyle of princely India.

Tansen’s Tomb: A pillar of Hindustani classical music, the great Tansen, one of the nine jewels’ of Akbar’s court, lies buried in Gwalior, the memorial to this great musician has a pristine simplicity, and is built in the early Mughal architectural style. More than a monument, the tomb is part of Gwalior’s living cultural heritage: it is the venue of a music festival on a national scale held annually in November-December.

Ghaus Mohammed’s Tomb: The sandstone mausoleum of the Afghan prince, Ghaus Mohammed, is also designed on early Mughal lines. Particularly exquisite are the screens which use the pierced stone technique as delicate as lace.

Memorials: Ther earliest freedom fighers, Tatya Tope and the indomitable Rani of Jhansi, are commemorated in memorials in Gwalior. There are cenotaphs at major public crossings, memorials of Scindia kinjgs and queens. Throughout the city, there are these reminders of a pround past, of the great men and womenof Gwalior who have their place in the nations’s roll of honour.

Kala Vithika and Municipal Museum: The Kala Vithika is another treasure house of the arts. It remains closed on Sundays and public holidays. The Municipal corporation Museum, open all days except Mondays, has a very fine natural history section.

Sarod Ghar: this Museum of Music has been set up in the old ancestral house of the legendary Ustad Hafiz Ali Khan. It houses ancient instruments of the great Indian Masters of yesteryear.

Sun Temple: Located near the Residency at Morar, the newly constructed Sun Temple takes its inspiration from the famous Konark sun Temple in Orissa.

Jabalpur

pleasure resort and capital of the gond kings during the 12th century, jabalpur was later the seat of the kalchuri dynasty. The Marathas held sway over jabalpur until 1817, when the Brritish wrested it from them and left their impression on the spacious cantonment with its colonial residences and barracks.

Places of Interest in Jabalpur

Madan Mahal Fort : Built by the Gond ruler, Raja madan Shah in 1116 atop a rocky hill, the fort dominates the skyline and provides a panoramic view of the town and the country-side aron it.

Sangram Sagar and Bajnamath : These medieval constructions were built by the famous gond king, Sangram Shah, between 1480-1540.

Rani Durgavati Memorial and Museum : Dedicated to the momory of the great Queen Durgavati is her memorial and a museum which houses a fine collection of sculptures, inscriptions and prehistoric relics.

Tilwara Ghat : from where Mahatma Gandhi’s ashes were immersed in the Narmada, and venue of the open session of the tripuri Congress in 1939; the 12th century Mala Devi Mandir; Pisan Hari Jain Temples, and roopnath are some of the other places in the around jabalpur which merit a visit.

The Kanha National Park

stretching over 940 sq km, the vegetation, chiefly made of sal and bamboo forests, grasslands and streams, this park is the sole habitat of the rare hardground barasingha.

The forests of the Banjar valley and Halon valley, respectively forming Kanha’s western and eastern halves, had even , at the turn of the century, been famous for their deer and tiger population. By a special statute in 1955, Kanha parkland came into being. Since then, a string of tight conservation programmes are launched, for the general protection of the park’s fauna and flora. it’s one among the foremost well-maintained National Parks in Asia, and a significant attraction for avid life buffs everywhere the globe.

Kanha boasts of about 22 species of mammals. Some of the inhabitants of this park are the gaur, the largest of the world’s cattle; the sambar, the largest Indian deer; and the chausingha, the only four-horned antelope in the world. Other frequent guests embrace the nilgai antelope, the sloth bear, the dhole, or Indian wild dog, and an occasional panther. Some two hundred species of birds inhabit the park, that embrace the Bubulcus ibis, black ibis, hawk eagle, and also the red-wattled lapwing.Shravantal is an old, earthenbound tank in the central Kanha meadows, which happens to be an important watering hole, for a large number of water fowl in winter. Bamni Dadar, referred to as Sunset purpose, is that the most stunning section of the park, and also the read of the sunset from this spot is totally mesmerising. quite an few animals are often quick-sighted around this space that embrace the cervid, gaur, the four-horned bovid and also the deer.

Blackbuck: 

The enlargement of the grasslands, through village reallocation, has been responsible for this impressive achievement.The barasingha is without doubt, the jewel of Kanha, and forceful steps are taken to rescue it from complete extinction. Barasinghas exist almost totally on grass, and tall grass meadows are essential for their security. At the peak of winter, between Dec and Jan, falls the rutting season of those animals, and big teams will be simply noticed within the Kanha and Sonph meadows. A small, however important variety of blackbucks conjointly inhabits the central Kanha grassland.

Except for all the astonishing diversity in its life population, Kanha is best called the surroundings of the tiger. observation and photographing this impressive animal from elephant back, is associate degree unforgettable expertise. it had been here that the primary ever scientific study of the tiger was undertaken by the nice biologist St. George Schaller.

How to Reach Kanha

By Air: Nearest airports are located at Jabalpur (170 km), Raipur and Nagpur (270 km).

By Rail: The closest railheads are at Jabalpur and Bilaspur.

By Road: A daily bus service is available for Kisli and Mukki from Jabalpur, and back. It is advisable to reach Kisli before sunset, as vehicles are not allowed in the park after dark.

Khajuraho Tourism

Khajuraho Temple, Khajuraho TourismThe world renowned temple town of Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh designated by UNESCO as a world heritage site for its archaeological and historical monuments.

The Khajuraho temples were inbuilt the short span of 100 years, from 950-1050AD during a really impressed burst of creative thinking. Of the 85 original temples, 22 have survived until nowadays to represent one among the world’s nice creative wonders.

The Creators of Khajuraho claimed descent from the moon and therefore the legend behind the creation of this nice sept and therefore the temples could be a fascinating one. Hemwati, the beautiful young girl of a Brahmin priest, was seduced by the moon-god whereas bathing in a very forest pool. the kid born of this union was Chandravarman, founding father of the Chandela dynasty. Brought up in the forests by his mother who sought refuge from a sensorious society, Chandravarman, when established as a ruler, had a dream-visitation from his mother. It is same that she implored him to make temples that might reveal human passions, and in doing therefore, originate a realization of the emptiness of human want. it’s additionally potential that the Chandelas were followers of the Tantrik cult, that believes that gratification of earthbound wishes could be a step towards attaining the infinite liberation of nirvana.

Why they chose Khajuraho, even then alittle village, because the website for his or her nice advanced is additionally receptive of their religion and therefore the several beliefs diagrammatic within the temples, the Chandelas formed Khajuraho as a seat of faith and learning, to collect several sects.

With their decline, the temples lay forgotten for several centuries, coated by the trespassing forests, victim to the ravages of the elements. Re-discovered solely during this century, renovated and claned, the temples of Khajuraho yet again testify to a past glory.

Khajuraho Temple, Khajuraho TravelArchitecturally too, they are unique, being very different from the temple prototype of their period. Each stands on a high masonry platform with a marked upward direction within the structure, additional increased by vertical projections to make the impact of grace and lightness. every of the chief compartments is mounted by its own roof, sorted so the very best is within the centre, rock bottom over the portico; a extremely creative recreation of the rising peaks of the mountain chain, abode of the gods.

The 3 main compartments square measure the doorway (ardha-mandapa), auditorium (mandapa) and sanctum (garbha griha), with additional additions within the additional developed temples.

How to Reach

By Air: Regular services link Khajuraho with Delhi, Agra and Varanasi.

By Rail: The nearest rail heads are Harpalpur (94 km) and Mahoba (61 km ) . Jhansi (172 km) is a convenient rail head for those traveling from Delhi and Madras; Satna (117 km) , on the Mumbai-Allahabad line of the Central Railway for those coming from Mumbai, Calcutta and Varanasi

By Road: Khajuraho is connected by regular buses with Satna, Harpalpur, Jhansi and Mahoba.

Best Season: July to March.

Orchha Tourism

Orchha was founded in the 16th century by the Bundela Rajput chieftain Rudra Pratap who chose this stretch of land along the Betwa river as an ideal site for his capital. Of the succeeding rulers, the most notable was Raja Bir Singh Ju Deo who built the exquisite Jehangir Mahal, a tiered palace crowned by graceful chhatries. From here the view of soaring temple spires and cenotaphs is spectacular.

Orcha’s grandeur has been captured in stone, frozen in time; a rich legacy to the ages. For, on this medieval city, the hand of time has rested lightly and the palaces and temple built by its Bundela rulers in the 16th and 17th centuries retain much of their pristine perfection.

Orchha Temples, Orchha Travels & Tours

Orchha was founded in the 16th century by the Bundela Rajput chieftain Rudra Pratap who chose this stretch of land along the Betwa river as an ideal site for his capital. Of the succeeding rulers, the most notable was Raja Bir Singh Ju Deo who built the exquisite Jehangir Mahal, a tiered palace crowned by graceful chhatries. From here the view of soaring temple spires and cenotaphs is spectacular.

Orcha’s grandeur has been captured in stone, frozen in time; a rich legacy to the ages. For, on this medieval city, the hand of time has rested lightly and the palaces and temple built by its Bundela rulers in the 16th and 17th centuries retain much of their pristine perfection.

Complementing the noble proportions of their exteriors are interiors which represent the finest flowering of the Bundela school of painting. In the Laxminarayan Temple, vibrant murals encompassing a variety of religious and secular themes, bring the walls and ceiling to rich life.

Strewn around the area are little shrines and memorials, each with its own poignant history, each contributing to the nostalgic beauty that is Orchha.

How to Reach Orchha:

By Rail: Nearest railhead at Jhansi (16 km ), on the Mumbai-Delhi and Delhi-Madras main lines. All major mail and express trains stop at jhansi.

By Road: Orchha lies on the Jhansi-Khajuraho road. Regular bus services connect Orchha with Jhansi .

Sanchi Tourism

Sanchi is known for stupas, monasteries, temples and pillars dating from the 3 rd century BC to the 12th century AD. The most famous of these monuments, the Sanchi Stupa 1, was originally built by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, the then governor of Ujjayini, whose wife Devi was the daughter of a merchant from adjacent Vidisha. Their son Mahindra and daughter Sanghamitra were born in Ujjayini and sent to sri Lanka, where they converted the king, the queen and their people to Buddhism.

The world-renowned stupas of stupa of Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh are being designated by UNESCO as the world heritage site for its archaeological andhistorical importance.

A Chunar sandstone pillar fragment, shining with the proverbial Mauryan polish, lies near Stupa 1 and carries the famous edict of Ashoka warning against schism in the Buddhist community. Stupa 1 was found empty , while relics of the two disciples of Buddha enshrined in the adjacent Stupa 3 were carried away to England. The nearby moern temple has a reliquary containing the remains of a Buddhist teacher from another stupa outside Sanchi.

The Sanchi hill goes up in shelves with Stuupa 2 situated on a lower shelf, while Stupa 1, Stupa3, the 5th century Gupta temple No. 17 and the 7th century temple No. 18 are on the intermediate shelf while a later monastery is on the crowning shelf. The balustrade surrounding Stupa 2, carved with aniconic representations of the Buddha, was added in the late 2nd century BC under the Shungas, while the four gateways of Stupa 1 were built in the 1st century BC under the Satavahanas.

Carved with stories of the Buddha’s past and present lives and with incidents from the subsequent history of Buddhism, the gateways are the finest spenciments of early classical art, which formed the seedbed for the entire vocabulary of later Indian art.

Two fo the moving stories told on these portals are those of Prince Vessantara, who gave away his wealth, his wife and children out of charity and compassioin, and of Buddha who, as the monkey king, sacrificed his life to wave his companions.

The inscriptions on the gateway mention donors from all over northern India and special mention is made of the ivory workers of Vidisha who sculpted the stone with the precision of jewelers.

The adjacent Gupta temple No. 17 was hailed by Sir John Marshall as one of the most rationally organized structures in Indian architecture. Though small, it was a herald of all the principles which went into the engineering of an Indian temple in the early medieval period. The Buddhas in the perambulatory surrounding Stupa 1 are not contemporary with the Stupa but belong to the Gupta period in the mid-5th century A.D The monastery and the temple with the tall pillars adjacent to Stupa 1 and the temple near the monastery on the crowning shelf illustrate the evolution of the architectural form after the 5th century Gupta temple.
Below the hill, the Archaeological Survey of India Museum houses, some of the earliest known stone sculptures in Indian art from the 3rd to the 1st century BC while the adjacent town of Vidisha has a state museum with medieval sculptures. The nearby monuments, like the 2nd century B. C. Heliodoros Pillar, the 5th century a.D. Udayagiri Caves and the Lohangi Hill monuments in vidisha are situated within as radius of 10 km from sanchi, and are well worth a visit.

How to Reach Sanchi: 

By Air : Nearest airport is at Bhopal (46 km via Diwanganj and 78 km via Raisen) which is connected with Delhi, Mumbai, Gwalior and Indore.
By Rail : Sanchi lies on the Jhansi-Itarsi section of the Central Railways> However, the most convenient railhead is Vidisha (10 km).
By Roads: Good, motorable roads connect Sanchi with Bhopal, Indore, Sagar, Gwalior, Vidisha and raisen, besides other places.

 

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