Jodhpur is at the edge of the Thar Desert and is the largest city in Rajasthan after Jaipur. Among Rajasthan’s many princely settlements, Jodhpur is one of the most distinctiveThis 5 hundred year previous settlement was the headquarters of the Rathore Rajputs’ celebrations for his or her tales of daring.Jodhpur is known for its impressive fortified bastions, specially those of Mehrangarh which have been witness to many battles and were associated closely with the history of the region. The years of peace that followed resulted in the building of palaces that were laid on open grounds and spread out in an elaborate European manner.
Rising from the center of the Thar Desert sort of a golden mirage is that the town of Jaisalmer. A commanding fort incised in yellow arenaceous rock stands, with its awe-inspiring splendor, dominating the amber-hued town. the town has a motivating legend related to it, consistent with that, Lord Krishna-the head of the Yadav kin, predicted Arjuna that an overseas descendent of the Yadav kin would build his kingdom atop the Trikuta Hill. His prophecy was consummated in 1156 AD once Rawal Jaisal, a descendent of the Yadav kin and a Bhatti Rajpoot, abandoned his fort at Lodurva and supported a new capital -Jaisalmer, alert on the Trikuta Hill
The origins of the gorgeous town of Jaipur will be derived back to the eighteenth century, throughout the reign of Jai Singh II WHO ascended the Amber throne in 1699. Jaipur these days, epitomizes the spirit of Rajputana. In-spite of growing into a active metropolis, it still retains it’s character and history – stunning fusion of the yesteryears and modernism. Popularly called the Pink town as a result of the in depth use of the regionally abundant pink plastered stone, painted therefore in honor of the visit of the royal consort of Queen Victoria. Jaipur thrills the soul with its huge forts, impressive palaces, exquisite temples and luxurious gardens.
Set at the sting of the Thar Desert, the imperial town of Jodhpur echoes with tales of antiquity within the emptiness of the desert. Once the capital of the Marwar state, it absolutely was based in 1459 AD by Rao Jodha-chief of the Rathore social group of Rajputs UN agency claimed to be descendants of Rama – the epic hero of the Sanskrit literature. the large fifteenth century AD Mehrangarh Fort looms on the highest of a rocky hill, soaring a hundred twenty five Mts. higher than the plains. town is encompassed by a high wall -10 klick long with eight gates and unnumerable bastions. the known religious belief Temple, qualitative analysis back to the fifteenth century having two hundred pillars, none of that area unit alike, support its twenty nine halls. The Temple abounds with convoluted friezes and sculptures.
The medieval Fort of Mandawa step by step rises on the horizon sort of a mirage. a panoramic read of the city are often seen from the terrace of chateau Mandawa. Precious assortment of arms with jade handles, ancient ceremonial costumes are often seen at the deposit at the Castle. The havelies value a visit area unit Chokhani, Saraf, Goenka and Ladia during this city. inbuilt 1775 by Thakur Nawal Singh, descendant of Rao Shekhaji, UN agency additionally based town of Nawalgarh. The Castle, currently a fifty one rooms edifice has no 2 rooms alike. It additionally homes a motivating assortment of paintings, jade, costumes and antiques. The grounds and therefore the terrace return to measure throughout evenings with candle-lit dinners and fire-dances throughout the season. A 200 and forty year recent fortes, that has been reborn by the family into a fine example of ancient cordial reception.
Bikaner lies north of Jodhpur, its reddish-pink stone rising out of miles of barren thorn and scrub. Rao Jodha’s sixth son, Bika (after whom the town of Bikaner is named), should have found nothing quite this geographical area once he rode out here in search of greener pastures to beat, however he was clearly resolute. The Rathore clansmen began from Mandore a similar year that his father shifted his capital to Jodhpur. Taking with him 300 avid retainers, they massacred the primary opposing tribe they encountered. Next they came connected with a branch of the Bhattis of Jaisalmer United Nations agency had settled within the region, and Bika married one in every of the daughters of the chief. victimisation this settlement as a base he was ready to extend his sway over the complete region. Having secured the submission of the Bhattis, and later of the Jats within the region, he based his capital Bikaner here.
Although Bikaner was in and of itself joined by blood to the remainder of Rajputana, traditionally it charted a unique course. The Rathore-Mughal friendly relationship very flourished particularly throughout Akbar’s reign. when the maharajah of Jaipur and his son, Raja Rai Singh of Bikaner was the ‘highest graded Hindu’ in Akbar’s court. Relations worsened later due to Aurangzeb’s dogmatism, however Bikaner holds the excellence of maintaining its independence for the most effective a part of five hundred years. in an exceedingly sense if Jaipur is termed the pink town, Bikaner isn’t any less with the color some shades deeper here, and a good deal additional pervasive. settled on elevated ground, the medieval town of Bikaner has all the romance of the folktale. As you approach it, you 0.5 expect some Rajpoot princes to return riding at you on their steeds, brandishing their weapons, difficult you to a duel.The fortifications of Junagarh embody a 5-6 metric linear unit long crenellated fence in wealthy pink arenaceous rock.There ar 5 gates and 3 sally ports, the walls variable tall from fifteen feet to thirty feet.
Situated adjacent to the general public park, its turrets inform skyward, Junagarh fort may be a brilliant sight to lay eyes on. it absolutely was created between 1589 and 1594 by Raja Rai Singh, a general within the army of the Mughal emperor Akbar. it absolutely was in 1585 that associate degree recent existent Mughal farman (decree) refers to Rai Singh of Bikaner, upon whom Akbar presented the district of Bhatner. it absolutely was consecutive year that Rai Singh ordered work on the ‘great jewel of Bikaner’, the Junagarh fort. Work finally began in 1589 once the king sent directions thereto impact from his camp at Burhanpur to his minister Karam Chand. Finished 5 years later, its battlements jutted out with pride, though they were untested.
- The Fort PremisesThe fort includes a 986 metre long wall, fortified by an extended vary of exquisite pavilions, 37 in all, silhouetted against the skyline. The palaces within area unit ethereal, and comprise of royal public court buildings and intimate zenanas (women’s quarters), for purdah (veil) settled that ladies be hidden from sight of courtiers. Consequently, girls walked behind stone screens engraved by professional artisans of Barmer and Bikaner. Theirs was a closed world, and though girls compete a crucial half within the royal social unit, they compete no role within the administration or politics of Bikaner.
- The Interiors of the FortThe fort is fantastically embellished with Rajpoot paintings, mirror-work, and lacquer-work. Lines of windows and balconies impart a harmonious domestic character to the austere strength of the structure. you would like to require a reconnaissance of the fort and feel the atmosphere to urge a plan of the indolent life style of the Rajpoot royalty, in medieval times.The regalia and wealth of the palaces can take your breath away.
- The Picturesque locationThe distinctive feature of Junagarh fort is that it’s one among the few Rajasthani forts not made on a peak, or any raised surface however on plain land. This provided the fort with a natural camouflage because it intermingled into the sandy desert encompassing it, enabling it to stay unvanquished for about to four hundred years. within the fort you’ll realize raised platforms product of swords, on that the fakirs of Bikaner would dance. The Viceroy’s spouse, girl Reading delineate the scene in 1922: “A wizard walked with blank feet on swords I couldn’t bit, therefore sharp were their points. it had been dispiritedly uncanny, however terrific and beautiful.” The fort additionally contains a wonderful library of Persian manuscripts and ancient Sanskritic language books and a formidable armoury. close could be a overflow 450 feet deep.
- The Main Fort EnterencesThe fort has 2 entrances; the Karan politician on the east and therefore the Chand political leader on the west. As presently as you enter the Karan political leader, you encounter the Sati Sthambs, a gory reminder to the observe of sati (a widow’s self ritual killing on her husband’s ceremonial pyre) prevailing among the Rajputs WHO most popular ‘death before dishonour’. On the vertical block that is that the Sthamb square measure imprinted symbolic hands, a reminder of the royal women WHO committed sati. Some additional sati symbols square measure found on the left aspect of succeeding gate, referred to as the Daulat political leader. The observe of sati was with mercy abolished throughout prince Sardar Singh’s reign between 1851 and 1872.Walking past Daulat political leader you run into Fateh political leader. every of those gates provided a robust defence to the fort. The gates were fortified with serious picket doors with iron plating. an additional precaution was taken to suit iron spikes into them to stop Associate in Nursing elephant charge just in case of war. Suraj political leader or the Sun Gate accustomed be the most entrance before the opposite gateways were designed. The Suraj political leader was inbuilt 1593 ahead of that within the yard lies the Joramal Temple. the opposite gates were created as Associate in Nursing extension in all probability throughout the rule of prince Gaj Singh. The Sun Gate may be a common incidence in Hindu fort design, the construct being to let the primary rays of the sun enter the house. On coming into the Suraj political leader, you encounter the statues of Jaimal and Patta atop elephants, the guardians of the fort. the 2 were immature generals within the army of Maharana Udai Singh of Mewar WHO fought heroically throughout the seizure of Chittor fort (see Chittor). The statues honouring Jaimal Rathore and Rawat Patta Sisodia were put in at the specific directions of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, therefore affected was he with their bluster.The palaces at intervals the precincts were all designed by totally different rulers. The last parts to the fort were further terribly recently, once the new stately way was further by prince Ganga Singh. The stone carvings of the fort and palaces square measure so exquisite. Today it’s round the fort that the city’s civil, industrial and social life revolves; its broadest avenues fronts its entrance, and its rugged grace overshadows Bikaner’s gardens and parks, its bazaars, theatres and buildings.
- Daulat Pol also Known as Sati PolThe literal that means of Daulatpol is ‘the gate of wealth’ however don’t waste some time searching for buried treasure here. The wealth they talk to is completely different – it’s honour not cash. As Hindoo wives most popular death to dishonour, the apply was to burn oneself at the pile of one’s husband. The apply was known as Sati, and also the Daulatpol pays court to any or all the sati wives of Bikaner’s troopers fell in battle. The handprints you’ll see near bear a poignant reminder to the present custom that was luckily outlaw by the Brit William Bentinck in 1829. however sati continues to be revered in several areas of rural Rajasthan, which is illustrated by the glorification of Roop Kanwar, the widow WHO committed sati as recently as 1987, at Deorala in Rajasthan. Clearly some habits run, and also the Daulatpol is treated as a respectful site by several among the native public of Bikaner.
110 km from Udaipur and three hundred km from Jaipur was based by Bappa Rawal in eighth century. legendary for the huge fort three mile long and 495 feet high. Mirabai, sixteenth century writer and saint was from here. conjointly legendary fro Vijaystambha, Kirtistambha (Tower of Victory), and rani Padmini.
Jaipur is one in all the foremost lovely cities in India. In 1876, Jaipur dressed itself in pink to welcome aristocrat Albert Francis Charles Augustus Emmanuel and Queen Queen of England, and so the nickname “Pink City” continues to be attributed thereto. Jaipur is that the capital of Rajasthan, the desert state in India, that is legendary for its majestic forts, deluxe havelis, lovely lakes and sand dunes. it’s additionally home to gold and silver jewelry created within the “Kundan” and “Meenakari” traditions, that ar currently world known. the town additionally has a superb infrastructure to support the business. Jaipur has a number of India’s best hotels, that compliment the scenery and branch of knowledge great thing about the Pink town.It is quick springing up to be a mix of ancient and trendy society with industrial development, putting in place of upper education institutes and rise in MNC culture. Jaipur could be a excellent place to get pleasure from all trendy edges of a growing town similarly as get pleasure from that distinctive peace of an old institution.
Amber Fort is found in Amber (Jaipur), that accustomed be the capital of the Kachhwaha kin, until Jaipur was created the official capital in 1727. The Amber Fort appearance gorgeous, all-built in white marble and red arenaceous rock. to feature to its charm, Maotha Lake makes its foreground. The crystal reflexion of the Fort, on the still waters of the lake, appears to be an attractive illusion. Amber Fort is sometimes pronounced as Amer Fort. In 1592, construction of the Fort was started by Raja Man Singh I. However, the Amber Fort took its present form throughout the reign of Raja Jai Singh.
The outer look of the Fort, being rough and craggy is completely totally different from its core. the inside of the Fort provides a soothing and heat atmosphere, that is least expected from its outer look. The marvelous decoration of the Amer Fort is influenced by each, the Hindu and Muslim manner of ornamentation. Exquisite paintings of looking scenes on the walls depict the temperament of the Rajputs, who were brave, revolutionary and indulgent.
The labyrinthine carvings on the walls and ceilings merely amaze the guests. The minute mirror work adds to the grand look and royalty of the halls. The Amer Fort beyond any doubt captivates the tourists with its inventive quality of delicate work. The mighty walls guarantee the protection of the Fort against the invasion of the enemies. The Fort is split into four subparts.
Kali Temple, that is additionally called Shila Hindu deity Temple, forms the a part of the Fort. it’s famous for its wonderful past, large silver lions and silver doors. The Hall of Public Audiences, Diwan-I-Aam may be a pavilion with double row of columns. Ganesh Pol, another feature of the Fort, directs the thanks to the inhabited residences of the King. The Hall of finish, Jai Mandir encompasses a gorgeous ceiling comprised of mirror work and an decorated panel. The Fort has varied different halls and pavilions with their own specific attraction.
The best a part of this traveller attraction set on a wily hill, is that the royal elephant ride. The unflawed great thing about the Fort may be enjoyed like kings with AN elephant ride. Amber/Amer Fort is that the a part of Jaipur and its royalty. a visit to Jaipur would be undoubtedly incomplete, while not the visit to the present imperial Fort of Amber.
City Palace forms one among the foremost far-famed holidaymaker attractions and a serious landmark in Jaipur. the attractive palace was designed by prince Sawai Jai Singh throughout his reign. Among the varied forts and palaces of Jaipur, town Palace stands apart, with its outstanding art and design. town Palace advanced covers an enormous space, that is split into a series of gardens, courtyards and buildings. Initially, Raja Jai Singh designed the outer wall occupying an enormous space. the extra grand buildings were made later by the succeeding rulers.
A part of the exquisite Palace still makes home for the previous Maharaja/ King. The premises consists many buildings like Chandra Mahal, mubarak Mahal, Mukut Mahal, Maharani’s Palace, Shri Govind Dev Temple and also the town Palace museum. One would stumble upon the solon Mahal, joined enters the primary sq.. solon Mahal was designed by Sawai Madho Singh within the nineteenth century to entertain his guests. Today, it’s born-again into a costume gallery, that displays royal attires of the Kings.
After crossing the primary sq., a good looking entrance welcomes to Diwan-I-Khas, a hall meant for personal audience. it’s 2 sterling silver vessels on show and that they are acclaimed to be the world’s largest silver vessel. These vessels were created for prince Sawai Madho Singh II to hold water from watercourse Ganga to drink on his trip to European country. Diwan-I-Aam, that was meant for public audience, forms the opposite attraction of this court. At present, it makes associate degree gallery showcasing captivating painted ceilings and rare ancient written original manuscripts of Hindu scriptures.
In the series, Maharani’s Palace, that was meant for royal queens, has been born-again into a deposit, showcasing weapons dated back to fifteenth century. Chandra Mahal is actually considered the most effective half, out of the entire tour to town Palace. it’s seven stories and every story is thought by a unique name. The top story is thought as Mukut Mahal. The terrific design of this Palace with delicate paintings, mirror work on walls and floral decorations, makes it a “must-see” for each traveller. within the gift day, this palace is the residence of ex-ruler.
Badal Mahal stands opposite to Chandra Mahal and whereas crossing the trail, one would notice Govind Dev ji Temple between them. specifically these, the Palace additionally offers delicacies in its multi cookery edifice. To sum up, the town Palace may be a structure of historical importance and a present of the noble past. The palace, with its royal grace stands as a symbol of magnificence. of these options of town Palace leave the tourists with no different choice, however to go to it.
Hawa Mahal could be a major landmark and a notable holidaymaker attraction of Jaipur. The Palace offers an exquisite sight to see. the sumptuous Rajputana design of Hawa Mahal, still speaks the glory of the house. However, one also can notice a glimpse of Mughal design, that is mixed utterly to form it totally different from others. The literal meaning of Hawa Mahal is Palace of Winds. Hawa Mahal was designed by maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1799.
Hawa Mahal could be a pyramid-shaped facade with 5 stories. it’s 953 tiny windows decorated with small lattice work. These pink arenaceous rock windows unremarkably referred to as “Jharokhas” ar created in such a mode, that it’s sort of a big honeycomb. The air circulation through windows represents the marvelous bit of Mughal coming up with, that keeps the Palace continuously cool. the little screened balconies and arched roofs with hanging cornices enhance the wonder of the Palace. The pyramidical define and replication of pattern makes it a lot of engaging in look.
As a matter of truth, Hawa Mahal is believed to create for the ladies of the Royal Families, since that they had to look at strict “purdah” (cover). the little windows and screened balconies serve the ladies to look at processions and totally different activities going down on the streets. during this manner, the ladies might relish a way of freedom while not showing themselves.
Early morning is taken into account because the best time to go to the Palace, once it’s covered the golden light of the Sun. At this point, Hawa Mahal seems incredible. One cannot possibly describe the wonder of the Palace in words. The golden lightweight of the first morning sun floats fantastically through the windows of this palace making a wonderful sight for one and every one. The palace should be visited to expertise verity beauty.
Jaigarh Fort is found on the highest of the Hill, by the name of Cheel Hindu deity Teela (Hill of Eagles). Jaigarh Fort is additionally called the ‘Victory Fort’, settled at a snug distance of 15kms from Jaipur. Jaigarh Fort is taken into account collectively of the spectacular forts in India. This Fort is on prime of the Hill, whereas Amber Fort is at rock bottom. many of us regard the 2 collectively advanced but each of them area unit well connected with well guarded passages. Jaigarh Fort positioned centrally within the thorn-scrub hill, leaves a stern impact on the spectator quickly.
Jaigarh Fort was created to tighten the protection of Jaipur and Amber. thanks to this truth, one might not notice this fort as creative as alternative forts and palaces, however it definitely has its own charm. The Fort has several structures of medieval India, that area unit price exploring. it’s many palaces, granary, well-planned cannon manufactory, many temples and a tall tower. Jaigarh Fort accustomed function the middle of artillery production for the Rajputs.
The highlight of this Fort is that the huge cannon by the name of Jaivan, that was created within the same production house. Jaivan, the cannon, is believed to be the most important cannon within the World and therefore the main attraction of the Jaigarh Fort. The Fort discloses the mastery over design of the previous age. Jaigarh Fort has several wide water channels, that were a section of a fresh water gathering system. The Fort additionally has three underground tanks, the most important one amongst which might store sixty, 00,000 gallons of water. One will decide to visit the armory and depository, that area unit price seeing.
The depository contains a outstanding assortment of coins, puppets, images of the royal kings, buildings, processions and even a circular pack of cards besides several alternative remnants of the past. The armory has various swords, shields, guns, muskets and even a fifty metric weight unit cannon ball, which might take you back to the gallantry days of the Kings. One may also see a number of weather crushed sedan chairs and drums at the Shubhat Niwas or the Meeting Hall of Warriors. Above all, the Fort offers a beautiful read of town below. Jaigarh Fort could be a good destination for a person, inquisitive about the majestic past of India.
The Jal Mahal Palace, Jaipur is noted for its convoluted design. The Palace was developed as a pleasure spot. it had been used for the royal duck shooting parties.
On the road to Amber at a distance of 6.5 kms from Jaipur area unit the cenotaphs of the house. A causeway ends up in Jal Mahal Palace set within the middle of Man Sagar lake, opposite the cenotaphs.The first four floors of this building is below water, solely the highest floor remains outside.One will have an exquisite read of the lake and also the palace from Nahargarh Fort
Built in 1799, the palace is currently abandoned, however fairly well preserved. within the monsoons, it’s notably surprising with its red arenaceous rock set against the aquatic plant stuffed lake.
The Jal Mahal or water palace in Jaipur, is associate intrinsic example of Indo-Mughal design, stands sort of a unpaid worker of peace within the serene and quiescent waters of Man Sagar lake. With 1st four floors within water, the majestic palace stands tall with its high floor outside the water arena. One will get pleasure from the tranquil waters of the lake whereas sitting below the in an elaborate way sculptural and finely carven balconies and arched roofs, considering the royal menus of the duck shooting parties. The prince Sawai Madho Singh accustomed invite royal dignitaries to the present leisure palace, who typically rocked the ambiance with their journey autobiographies. Words flied amidst the misty air carrying the aroma satiate with the chivalry of the Hindustani kings. To the south of the lake, there area unit some seductive gardens and splendid samples of Hindustani style of architecture, waiting thirstily for female parent footsteps of enthusiastic travelers. Rush to get pleasure from the out-of-the-world refreshing expertise at the island palace, once cool breezes when snuggling the waters, can rush to hug you. Take a tour of the famed Jal Mahal Palace to ascertain the attractions of Jaipur.
Jantar Mantar at Jaipur is that the largest stone observatory within the World and this feature makes it, a special destination for a soul. Jantar Mantar of Jaipur is one in every of the 5 astronomical observatories engineered by prince Jai Singh, the founding father of Jaipur. throughout the amount between 1727 and 1733, Jantar Mantar took its type and structure. at the start Jantar Mantar was named as Yantra Mantra, which suggests instruments and formulae, however because of pronunciation of the term, it’s modified to the recognized name.
Jantar Mantar includes a exceptional assortment of architectural astronomical instruments. It portrays noteworthy try of the ancestors, who were curious about physical science and information of celestial bodies. Above all, this observatory still, provides correct info, which might be compared with today’s trendy instruments undeniably. The compound instruments, whose settings and shapes square measure scientifically designed depicts the forte of Medieval Indian physical science.
Jantar Mantar is whole created with stone and marble. The observatory has fourteen applied mathematics instruments for mensuration time, predicting eclipses and to establish different astronomical events. Amongst all the instruments, the timekeeper typically attracts the utmost attention of individuals, that tells the time to associate degree accuracy of regarding 2 seconds in standard time of Jaipur. Jantar Mantar was fastidiously restored in 1901 and was declared a monument in 1948. Today, Jantar Mantar has become a significant tourer attraction in Jaipur.
Nahargarh Fort is that the initial of the 3 forts designed by maharajah Jai Sawai Singh of Jaipur. The Fort stands at the highest of rugged purpose of the Aravalis and offers a spectacular read of town. Keeping this reality in mind, the fort was created to function a way of supporting the protection of Amer. The term “Nahargarh” refers to “the Abode of Tigers”, thus it’s conjointly called the Tiger Fort. The Fort was created in the main in 1734, but additional additions were created to that, by the succeeding rulers within the nineteenth century.
According to a legend, the Fort was named once a blue blood, whose spirit accustomed haunt the development web site. As a result, a Tantrik was referred to as and also the ghost in agreement to go away the fort given that, the fort was named after him. There are various buildings located within the Nahargarh Fort and amongst them, Madhavendra Bhawan appeals the foremost. it absolutely was designed by Sawai Ram Singh II and encompasses a series of interconnected rooms with colourful corridors and hallways. This Place was used as a picnic spot for the members of the royal line.
Another major attraction of the Fort is that, it provides an eye fixed catching read of the person Sagar Lake and also the suburbs. The geometrically designed Nahargarh Fort appearance at its best within the night, once it’s dazzlingly lit. to feature flavor to your trip, the cafeterias within the fort supply the best drinks and snacks. Nahargarh Fort forms a stimulating scenery of Jaipur and offers a bright read of town lights.
- Jodhpur Ruled by Rathores: The kingdom of Jodhpur was dominated by the Rathores, who controlled much of Marwar in western Rajasthan as well as Bikaner, the opposite desert fiefdom. The clan traces its lineage back to avatar, the legendary hero of the Hindu epic Ramayana and through him back to the sun god surya himself. that is why the Rathores conjointly decision themselves Suryavanshi or family of the sun. In contemporary world, the primary Rathore ruler chronicled by history was Nayan Pal, who established his kingdom at Kannauj close to modern-day Kanpur in state in 470 A.D. Here the family flourished till much of north Republic of India began to acquire a clearly islamic flavour towards the shut of the twelfth century. mohammad Ghori the Afghan annexed Kannauj in 1192, forcing the Rathore ruler Raja Jai Chand to escape that he did carrying the Rathore panchranga or the five-coloured flag with him. however dispirited by the defeat he submerged whereas crossing the river.
- In the time period: After amount of wandering through Gujarat, delineated by James Tod in his work of art Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, the Rathores settled down in Pali, that may be a short distance from Jodhpur. Here Rao Siyaji, Jai Chand’s successor come across the strategy of conquest of Marwar through formation marital alliances; he married and had 3 sons and eight grandsons every of whom bred prolifically successively. and in 1453 the Rathores had increased enough within the region for one of Siyaji’s descendants Chonda to compose an oversized enough army to capture Mandore, the capital of Marwar. Here he married the patrician of the ruling family, had no but fourteen kids and established the Rathore fastness in Marwar. However, the rajput name for perpetually feuding with one another was well deserved; during this case it absolutely was the marital status alliance between Chonda’s daughter Hansa to Lakha rana of Mewar that excited hassle between the 2 principalities. Ultimately resulting in the death of Chonda that is delineated by one Rathore historian as ‘he was slain at Nagore with one thousand Rajputs.’
- The City Founded: Eventually Rao Jodha (whose son Rao Bika later supported Bikaner) set to shift base to a safer spot and emotional from Mandore to Jodhpur that he supported in 1459. Again, as within the case of the creation of Jaisalmer, it had been a sage WHO prompt that Jodha establish his settlement on a craggy hill called the birds nest, that is currently known as Jodhpur. Atop this eyrie, Jodha engineered his defense known as the Chintamani fort, that was later known as Mehrangarh. Jodha lived in his new capital for thirty years and on his death bed he should are a content man, as a result of he and his offspring by that point controlled eighty thousand sq. miles of territory. A way cry from 3 centuries earlier once his ancestors had been driven out of Kannauj by Ghori in absolute poverty. Surajmal who succeeded Jodha, dominated Jodhpur for a score and 7 years, and it had been in his tenure that Jodhpur had its 1st spat with the imperial army at city.
- A Question of Honour: During the reign of Sikandar Lodi in 1516, a band of Pathans carried off 100 and forty rajput women throughout the Hindu festival of Teej. outraged Surajmal took it upon himself to retaliate Hindoo honour, that he did by vanquishing the ‘northern barbarians’ however at the value of his own life. His heir Rao Ganga Singh who dominated for consecutive sixteen years was a part of the last confederacy created by the Rajputs for national independence. because the Mughal Babur blazed across the Indus and defeated patriarch Lodi within the 1st battle of battle of Panipat in 1526, the Rajputs united so as to drive out the foreigner. Ganga Singh at the side of the eyed rana Sanga of Mewar met Babur within the battle of Khanua in 1528. but the Rajputs were routed and from then on Mughal power in Republic of India for consecutive 2 centuries was assured.
- A Narrow victory: However Babur found nothing to tempt him within the unproductive lands of Marwar and Jodhpur managed to retain its autonomy. in truth beneath Raja Maldeo, Jodhpur managed to increase its sphere of influence significantly within the latter half the 16 th century. He acquired Nagore and Ajmer and later Jalore, and even managed to dispossess Bika’s (founder of Bikaner) heirs from supreme power in Bikaner. in the meantime Sher shah Suri, the Afghan had roofless Mughal emperor Humayun from the throne of city, wherefrom he fled to Marwar to hunt refuge however received a cold shoulder from Maldeo. However, Maldeo received no advantage from his welcome, and Sher shah presumably out of insecurity from his southern neighbour marched on Marwar with 80,000 men to be met by a Rajpoot army of fifty thousand. wherever because of the previous Hindoo vice of squabbling with one another the city ruler achieved a slender ending. however it absolutely was a ‘narrow victory’ at the best because the ruler himself remarked afterwards: “I nearly lost the empire of Hindustan for a few of barley.”What is fascinating is that the Jodhpur coat-of- arms except representational process the sacred kite of goddess durga additionally the Rathore war cry Ranbanka Rathore (Rathore unvanquishable in battle) also portrays a few of barley- signifying Sher Shah’s noted words. Maldeo was destined to outlast the Sher Shahi folk however Humayun came back from exile to reclaim his kingdom and once his death in 1556 it absolutely was the thirteen year previous Akbar (destined to become one in every of the best of Indian kings) who ascended the Mughal throne.
- Jodhpur Placates Akbar: Akbar clearly had a score to settle because the non-cooperation of Jodhpur had LED him to pay his childhood in faraway Amarkot instead of the princely comforts of delhi and he invaded Marwar in 1561 and captured each Jodhpur and therefore the Nagore fort. handed forts he two-handed to Rai Singh of Bikaner currently independent of Jodhpur. Maldeo was forced to swallow his pride, and tried to convert Akbar by causing him gifts through his second son Chandra sen. but all the wiles of Chandra subunit did not sway the Akbar and eventually it absolutely was his elder brother Udai Singh who managed to keep in line himself with the emperor. The unkindest cut of all came once he was forced to pay respect to his elder son Udai Singh, UN agency was appointed by Akbar, and this concluded the liberty of Jodhpur that became a feudatory state of the Mughals.
- The Union Between the Mughals & Jodhpur: The relations between Jodhpur and therefore the imperial house were additional cemented by the wedding of Jodha Bai, sister of Udai Singh with the Mughal emperor, Akbar thereafter came all possessions he had condemned from Marwar sans Ajmer. Jodhpur hereafter aided Akbar in several of his conquests and port Singh United Nations agency succeeded Udai, served with the imperial forces in metropolis and was instrumental in capturing Gujarat and far of Deccan for Akbar. whereas Raja Gaj Singh son and heir of port Singh compete a key role in golf stroke down the rebellion of blue blood Khurram (later to become emperor crowned head Jahan) against his father Jahangir. it’s reportable that Jahangir was therefore happy with the loyalty of the Rathore prince, that he not solely took him by the hand however kissed it- a most uncommon gesture for a Mughal emperor.
- Relations Turned Strain between the Mughal & Jadhpur: Proximity to the Mughal court led to art and culture flourishing in Jodhpur moreover as trade and commerce with the establishment of relative peace. however relations between the Mughals and Jodhpur took a flip for the more serious throughout Jaswant Singh’s reign once he backed the incorrect prince in 1658 throughout the battle of succession between monarch Jahan’s sons. His abomination for Aurangzeb led him to back Dara, and despite Jaswant’s defeat at Fatehbad once he was commanding the military against Aurangzeb he ne’er extremely reconciled himself to his rule. For twenty five years he was a thorn within the Mughal emperor’s flesh till Aurangzeb ordered him to capital of Afghanistan to duel with the Afghans wherefrom he ne’er came. He left Jodhpur within the hands of his son Prithvi, who successively was place paid to by Aurangzeb by giving him a poisoned gown. James Tod says of Jaswant Singh ‘that had his ability been in proportion to together with his power, strength and spirit he might have with the help of Aurangzeb’s varied alternative enemies have gotten eliminate the emperor’.
- A Matter of Chivalry: An example of Rajput pride in their gallantry is ascertained from the conduct of Jaswant’s queen when he retreated when the battle of Fatehbad. despite the fact that he brought back his defend and it may be same his honour yet, she barred the city’s gates on her fugitive lord. although eventually wifely love forced her to soften the incident typified the Rajput perspective of preferring a heroic death to a fearful retreat. Jaswant Singh had ascended the throne of Jodhpur in an exceedingly most uncommon manner. His father Gaj Singh’s mistress Angoori Bai had once been conferred with a try of pearl shoes by Jaswant Singh, when movement down before her in supplication. reciprocally Angoori prevailed upon Gaj Singh to inunct Jaswant as his successor over the pinnacle of his elder brother Amar Singh, the rightful heir to the throne. it had been a typical case of ‘you scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours’ and Angoori Bai is same to own modified the course of 17 th century Jodhpur history by serving to to put in Jaswant to the Jodhpur to the throne.
- An Assassination Folied: Meanwhile Aurangzeb’s religious intolerance had the impact of antagonistic all of the Rajputs whom Akbar had so carefully cultivated. when the imposition of the abundant hated jaziya or religious tax on the Hindus in 1679, he decided to try and do away with Jaswant’s baby son Ajit Singh, when Jaswant’s death in 1681. However, that was prevented by one amongst of Rajputana’s greatest heroes durga Das who smuggled the posthumous kid out of Marwar in a basket of sweetmeats. AN angry Aurangzeb retaliated by sacking Jodhpur, destroying various Hindu temples and difficult the conversion of the Rajpoot race to Islam. The perspective of the emperor led to the whole Rajpoot kin changing into unappeasable enemies of the Mughals, and from then on they were simply biding their time to throw off the Mughal imperialist yoke. the chance given itself with Aurangzeb’s death in 1707 at the grand maturity of eighty nine. His successor, Bahadur shah was 63 himself once he ascended the imperial throne and shortly earned for himself the designation of Shahi Bekhabar (heedless king) for his tolerance in affairs of the state.Perfect probability for Ajit Singh, currently mature up which with the assistance of durga Das shaped a triple alliance with Udaipur and Jaipur to reclaim what was truly his – the gaddi (throne) of Jodhpur.
- Jodhpur Reclaimed From the Mughals: Ultimately Ajit Singh proved to be an excellent bigger ruler than his father and was one in all the foremost distinguished princes to grace the throne of Jodhpur. He transmissible his father’s hate for the terribly word Muslim however that was natural for somebody WHO was born amidst the snows of capital of Afghanistan and disadvantaged at birth of his parents. He additionally transmissible his father’s heroism, that he 1st displayed at the first age of eleven once he visited his enemy’s capital displaying the courtesy that solely a Rajpoot will. He together with Jai Singh of Jaipur and Amar Singh of Mewar were instrumental in throwing out the Mughals from Jodhpur further as Amber. His hate of the Mughals was more fuelled once he was forced to administer one his daughters to the Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyyar in wedding. but he gained the jurisdiction of Gujarat as a result, and was additionally instrumental in obtaining the detested jaziya repealed that the Hindus owed him endless debt.He then entered into an agreement with the Sayyid brothers at the Mughal court to get eliminate the emperor Farrukhsiyyar, that they did with success in 1719. and it speaks volumes for the degeneration of the Mughals after Aurangzeb, that none among them came forward to rescue their emperor. Farrukhsiyyar remains the sole Mughal king ever to be dead. successively the Sayyid brothers were killed themselves, as court intrigues command full sway at the imperial court with the Mughals changing into progressively corrupt and profligate. Ajit, aware of the vice-ridden Mughal court, decided himself to capture Ajmer from them and did so by execution the king’s governor. He ascended the throne of Ajmer and wherever the religious text was read, the Puran (a set of eighteen books containing Hindu legends) was currently heard. Ajit issued coins in his own name, established his own weights and measures and his own courts of justice. The name of Ajit unfold Koran and wide, even to distant Persia and Mecca that he had exalted his own faith. The rites of The religious text were prohibited throughout the land of Marwar.
- Father Assassinated by Son: Eventually the nice Ajit’s life over with against the law most foul – he was dead by his own son Abhay Singh, UN agency was anointed king by the Mughal emperor Muhammad shah himself. With Ajit’s end passed away the golden period of Jodhpur’s history, and therefore the next century as we shall see was choked with trials and tribulations. Abhay Singh had little or no time for festivities, before long he concerned himself with the consolidation of his fiefdom. He presented the domain of Nagaur on his brother Bukhta and so put in his officers in Ajmer of that he was the viceroy. However, Nagaur was too restricted a field for somebody of Bukhta’s abilities, and with Abhay turning into an opium taker towards his latter years, he felt progressively insecure by his brother’s influence. The sibling group action reached its head once Abhay refused to assist Bukhta once he attacked the dominion of Amber. It says one thing for the Rajput character that they didn’t unite even once they had the prospect of overthrowing the Mughals, their internecine battles value them the Delhi durbar (court).This was the time of Muhammad Shah’s reign, who due to his addiction to wine and ladies was given the epithet Rangila (colourful). Nadir shah the Persian destroyed Delhi in 1739, looted its treasures and decamped with among different things the peacock throne of Emperor. sadly for Rajputana, the demoralisation of their princes failed to change them to require advantage of the profligacy of the Mughals. maybe it had been the murder of Ajit Singh that serves as an instance the nice ethical truth- that in each stage of civilisation crime can work out its own punishment. Ram Singh, son of Abhay succeeded the throne of Jodhpur however his uncle Bukhta failed to attend his investiture. Ram Singh had inheritable identical impetuous temper as his predecessors and it had been inevitable that he and Bukhta would before long be hostile. The battle between the 2 was bloody resulting in the annihilation of Ram Singh’s army, forcing the Jodhpur ruler to escape. Bukhta anointed himself ruler of the desert town, and with the support of different clans of Marwar, he felt secure against the machinations of his nephew.
- The Marathas Supplant the Mughals: However, poison achieved what the brand couldn’t. Madhu Singh, queen of Amber was entrusted with the task of removing the enemy of her kinsman Ram Singh. She conferred Bukhta with a poisoned robe gown his death in 1753. Mean time the Marathas were quick replacement the Mughals because the pre-eminent power in Bharat, and in conjunction with the patrician of Amber, Ram Singh all over a accord with the Marathas to depose Bukhta’s son and heir Vijay Singh from Jodhpur. Ram Singh was ready to get the better of the young Vijay due to a rumour circulated by his minister among the enemy that Vijay had been shot by a cannon. it absolutely was a maneuver that invariably worked against the Rajputs, and as his army ran helter-skelter, the young Vijay was left just about defenceless. so Ram Singh saved the throne of Jodhpur however not while not value, because it led to the Marathas spreading their tentacles in Rajputana. Ajmer was ceded to them and a set triennial tribute on all lands of Marwar each social structure and financial had to be paid.From then on Jodhpur’s independence was never very secure and Ram Singh finally died in exile in 1773 in Jaipur. Historians agree that each in exterior and in his accomplishments he compared favorably with the good Ajit, and in his later years he was a lot of mellowed, with a lot of of his early quick temper, a factor of the past. His death meant the Marathas had free run of the land and that they incomprehensible no chance to plunder. Vijay Singh was too unsophisticated and while not resources to resist the Mahratta may, and ruinous wars followed by mortifying negotiations dissipated the wealth of Marwar completely. so matters was therefore chaotic that an exasparated prince Devi Singh of Pokhran once remarked ” Why bother yourself regarding Marwar? it’s within the sheath of my dagger.” and though Vijay Singh united with Pratap Singh of Amber recovered Ajmer briefly from the Marathas at the battle of Tonga in 1787, however the Mahratta Scindia won it back four years later and Ajmer was lost to Marwar forever. and in his previous couple of years Vijay was intermeshed with a young beauty from the Oswal tribe that created such a scandal that it nearly led to his deposition.
- Man Singh’s Fortunes Rise: The conflict however led to enormous turmoil in Jodhpur, leading to slicing up Vijay Singh’s dominions. and with his sons and grandsons in rival camps thanks to the folly of Vijay Singh’s ways, he died a disillusioned man having reigned for 31 years. Barely 22 hours after his death his grandson Bhim Singh seated himself on Jodhpur’s gaddi (throne), dismissing the legitimate claims of Vijay’s sons Zalim and Sur Singh. However the throne of Jodhpur merely whetted his appetite and his next target was Pali. A protracted siege lasting eleven years followed, during which the garrison was valiantly defended by Man Singh, (the adopted son of Vijay Singh and his young mistress). Just as Man and his men were on the verge of capitulation news filtered through of Bhim Singh’s death. From then on Man’s fortunes ascended and very soon he occupied Jodhpur. It is said that Man’s fortune was predicted by a seer who prophesied ‘that at the very zero of adversity his stars would rise’.However he made a very powerful enemy in Sawai Singh of Pokhran, whose dagger would remain suspended over his head from his coronation to Sawai’s death bed like the ‘sword of Damocles.’ It was only a matter of time before Sawai Singh the pretender to the throne of Marwar assembled a large army, which along with the support of the rulers of Jaipur, Mewar and Ambar beseiged the Jodhpur fort. He would have succeeded too, had it not been for the valour of Mir Khan, the generalissimo of Man’s army who created divisions within the ranks of Jodhpur’s opponents and broke up the seige. He defeated the army of Jaipur so comprehensively that Maharaja Jagat Singh had to pay a sum of 200,000 pounds to secure his safe passage.In honour of Man’s victory over Jaipur the Jai Pol, or victory gate was built in the fort in 1808. It was also the end of the road for Sawai Singh, as Mir after inviting him to his quarters slaughtered him with 500 of his followers. The heads of the most distinguished were then sent to Raja Man. However Man’s victory over his rivals was not an unmixed blessing; the flip side was that Mir Khan was virtually the arbiter of Marwar. and with the death of his only son Chattar Singh, Raja Man lost all interest in affairs of the state and was deemed to be certifiably insane. However, although officially he was said to be suffering from melancholy mania, many believed it to be an act to escape the snares laid for his life. Governance of Jodhpur was in the interim carried out by Salim Singh (son of Sawai Singh). But Raja Man remained until the British arrived in 1818 and concluded a treaty with Jodhpur under which the district became a protectorate of the British. With the British came political stability and a modicum of prosperity and relations between the Anglo-Saxons and the house of Jodhpur were relatively cordial.
- Sir Pratap Singh: Relations between the two were further cemented when Pratap Singh became ruler in the 1870s, who combined the courage of the Rathores with the delighful eccentricities that came from befriending the British royals. Pratap who invented the famous ‘jodhpurs’ or riding breeches once on arriving in London insisted on living in the Buckingham Palace. On being told politely that Her Majesty had not invited him to stay there Pratap is reported to have said, “If I had invited Her Majesty to Jodhpur, would I expect her to stay in somebody else’s house or hotel?” Whereupon he marched into Buckingham Palace.
- A Brave Worrier: Pratap who was on intimate terms with the British royals, and Queen Victoria’s court he said to have presented her with his own sword. The Rathore who was later knighted by the British according to one anecdote once ticked off the Prince of Wales, for dismounting while pig sticking with these words: “I know you Prince of Wales, you know you Prince of Wales, but pig no know you Prince of Wales!” Being a fearless warrior he accompanied his crack regiment called the Jodhpur Lancers to China in 1899 to help the British put down the Boxer Rebellion there, and later went with his troops into the war trenches of France and Palestine at the age of seventy. When faced with heavy fighting in Haifa, the Lancers began to fall back, he gave them simple orders. “You can go forward and be killed by the enemy’s bullets, or you can fall back and be executed by me.” The Lancers took Haifa
- Pratap Singh Laid The Foundation of Modern Jodhpur: His standing in Jodhpur is similar to the standing of the opposite nice leader of the region- maharajah Ganga Singh of Bikaner. He ordered the inspiration of the trendy state of Jodhpur, over that Umaid Singh who dominated from 1918-47 engineered upon. Among alternative things, Umaid was a pioneer within the field of aviation in Bharat and he built one amongst the primary airports within the country. His son Hanuwant Singh was a keen skilled worker likewise however tragically died in associate air crash at the age of twenty eight. it had been because of the efforts of those rulers that once Jodhpur became a part of the Indian union once independence, it had been not solely Rajasthan’s biggest states, however also its latest.
Umaid Bhawan Palace
Umaid Bhawan Palace is one amongst the foremost common edifices of the Jodhpur town of Rajasthan. it’s placed on prime of a hill referred to as Chittar Hill, that is believed to be the very best purpose within the town. it’s due to this location that the Umaid Bhawan Palace was known as the ‘Chittar Palace’ at the time of its construction. the muse of the palace was ordered down by maharajah Umaid Singh, within the year 1929. However, it took just about sixteen years to complete the development of the palace.
Umaid Bhawan Palace was amongst the last palaces to be in-built Bharat. At constant time, it had been additionally one amongst the last structures in-built Rajasthan, on ‘food for work’ basis, for drought relief. it’s same that just about 5000 men were used within the construction of the Umaid Bhawan Palace of Jodhpur. a motivating feature of the palace is that no mortar or cement was utilized in its construction. Rather, sculptured stones were used and joined along by a system of interlocking positive and negative items.
When it had been made, Umaid Bhawan Palace claimed the excellence of being the most important non-public residence within the world. it’s a complete of 347 rooms and stands decorated with one hundred ten feet high central dome. The designer of the palace was H V Lanchester and he designed it as per the Indo-Art-Deco form of design. throughout that point, the price of construction came to somewhere around one large integer (ten million) rupees.
The elaborations for the interiors of the Umaid Bhawan Palace were to be foreign from Umaid Bhawan Palace. However, the ship delivery constant was attacked by Germans and got ruined within the ocean. Thereafter, maharajah Umaid Singh used Stefan Norblin, a Polish decorator, to style the interiors. The tradition of medieval palaces, wherever there ar separate sections for males and females with separate entrances, was absolutely maintained. The palace is presently below the possession of His Highness Gaj Singh, maharajah of Jodhpur.
Umaid Bhawan Palace has currently been divided into 3 components. One half is the residence of the house, the second homes a museum, whereas the third one has been regenerate into a five-star hotel. Umaid Bhawan depository displays an expensive assortment of images, arms, swords, stuffed leopards, clocks and alternative things happiness to the house. it’s hospitable the final public from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm daily, except Sunday.
Mehrangarh Fort of Jodhpur is that the most spectacular similarly because the biggest fort of Rajasthan. Infact, the fort is known for being one among the most important forts within the whole of Bharat. one among the foremost in style tourist destinations of Rajasthan, Mehrangarh Fort is perked at a height of roughly four hundred feet higher than the town. it’s delimited by imposing thick walls and contains of variety of structures within its advanced, together with many palaces with sprawling courtyards. The fort was designed below the patronage of Rao Jodha, the fifteenth Rathore ruler.
Rao Jodha acceded the throne within the year 1458 and one year once his accession, ordered down the foundation of the Mehrangarh Fort. the most reason for the establishment of the fort was that Mandore fort was not thought-about as secure and there was a desire to maneuver to a safer place. there’s a awfully fascinating story behind the establishment of the Mehrangarh Fort. the construction work for the fort was started on a hill, called Bhaurcheeria, the mountain of birds. At that point, it absolutely was occupied by a hermit, called Cheeria Nathji, the lord of birds.
To build the fort, Cheeria Nathji was forced to depart his cave. infuriated by this act, the hermit cursed Rao Jodha, saying that his fastness can suffer from the scarceness of water. to flee the consequences of the curse, Jodha designed a house and a temple within the fort, close to the hermit’s cave, to appease God. Jodha then took the acute step to make sure the prosperity of his fort. He buried a person alive in its foundations, by promising to appear once his family throughout their life. Today, Mehrangarh Fort boasts of being the pride of Jodhpur.
The walls of the fort rise to a height of 36 m, with their dimension being roughly twenty one m. There area unit 3 brilliant gates within the fort advanced, every made to commemorate some triumph. the various palaces settled within the fort area unit adorned with exceptional decorations. the foremost exquisite amongst these area unit Moti Mahal (Pearl Palace), Phool Mahal (Flower Palace), Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace), Sileh Khana and Daulat Khana. Mehrangarh Fort additionally homes an upscale assortment of artifacts.
- Period Rooms There are a number of period rooms inside the Mehrangarh Fort.
- Moti Mahal Moti Mahal is the largest period room of the fort. Raja Sur Singh built the palace, which has five alcoves leading onto hidden balconies. It is believed that these balconies were intended to be used by his five queens, for listening in on the court proceeding.
- Sheesh Mahal Sheesh Mahal has been as per the typical Rajput architectural style. The palace is adorned with exquisite mirror work, A complex mosaic of small fragments.
- Phool Mahal Phool Mahal, built by Maharaja Abhaya Singh, is the most splendid period room of Mehrangarh. It was intended to be used as a chamber of pleasure. Here, the Maharajas used to watch girls dancing under a ceiling of gold filigree.
- Takhat Vilas Takhat Vilas served as the residence of Maharaja Takhat Singh, the last ruler to stay in the Mehrangarh Fort. The ceiling of the palace has been adorned with splendid glass balls.
- Galleries The several galleries of Mehrangarh fort are definitely worth a visit.
- Howdah Gallery howdah is the name given to the two-compartment wooden seat tied to the rear of an elephant. The front compartment is large and has a raised protective metal sheet, while the rear one is small. The front one was meant for the kings or royalty and the rear one was for the bodyguards. One will still see some howdahs of that amount in the gallery.
- Palanquin Gallery Palanquins were used as a means of travel by the ladies of the royalty, till the second quarter of the 20th century. Numerous decorated palanquins can be seen in this gallery.
- Daulat Khana The Daulat Khana houses a rich collection of fine and applied arts of the Mughal period.
- Armory Armory The gallery that used to function the Armory exhibits an assortment of rare weapons, dating back to every period in Jodhpur.The display includes sword hilts in jade, silver, rhine horn, ivory, shields studded with rubies, emeralds and pearls, guns with gold and silver work on barrels, personal swords of emperors, etc. Then, there is the Khanda of Rao Jodha, which weighs over 7 pounds, along with the swords of Akbar and Timur.
- Painting Gallery The painting gallery houses a rich compilation of Marwar paintings.
- Turban Gallery Turban Gallery displays different types of turbans that used to be worn by the people of Rajasthan in the past.
- Folk Musical Instruments Gallery This gallery houses various types of folk musical instruments, some of them characteristic of a particular group or community and some, of a particular region.
Rising like a sunbeam from the golden sands of the desert, Jaisalmer Fort is the second oldest fort of Rajasthan. A sight to behold, this living fort is one of the marvels of Rajasthani Architecture, especially of the stone carver’s art.
Also known as the city of Sunset Point, it houses the cenotaph of Sage Vyas who compiled the famous epic Mahabharata. Moreover, it gives you a bird’s-eye view of the picturesque beauty of Jaisalmer.
Moving out of Jaisalmer
- Sam Sand Dunes Sam Sand dunes are the major attractions of Jaislamer. It is three kms long and one km wide and is half a km high. The sam sand dunes are unreliable and that they are picturesque. Sam Sand dunes are just the place to surf the golden sands of Rajasthan through a safari.
- Desert National Park Located at a distance of forty kms from Jaisalmer, Desert park may be a good example of surprising ecological bio diversity. Thar desert is that the teeming with life and have some resident species that embrace Chinkara, Hare desert fox, black buck, wolf and desert cat
- Bada Bagh This is a 300 year old Jaisalmer Haveli. It has a beautiful blue cupola roof with carved brackets in the form of peacocks. This is an amazing mansions in yellow stone and has an amazing projecting balcony on the top storey.
- Shopper’s Paradise Shopping in Jaisalmer is a great way to experience the beauty of the state. There are some major shops inside the fort which include Sadar Bazaar, Sonaron ki Bass Manak Chowk, Pansari Bazaar, Gandhi Darshan, Seema Gram and various Rajasthani Govt Shops.
- Fly Away The city is well connected by flights which move from to and from New Delhi, Jodhpur and Jaipur. The major airport, Jaisalmer airport lies in the cantonment area which is 5 kms away from the city centre. It is generally managed by the Indian air force.
- On Track Jaisalmer is connected by a daily trains to Jodhpur. The city is majorly connected by Agra, Jaipur, New Delhi, Mumbai and many more. Just a 10 min drive from Gadi Sagar Pol.
- On Wheels Jaisalmer is connected to all major cities of Rajasthan such as Bikaner, Jaipur and Jodhpur. Its main bus stand is situated near the railway station. All major busses move from Bus depot to city centre.
A Stay to Remember !
The best places to stay in Jaisalmer are in the heritage edifices, Heritage hotels. Most of these small and big time havelis have been converted inti mid range and deluxe hotels. Try to book your room before you land on the city, just to ensure a comfortable journey.
Jaisalmer Fort – Resplendent in its Golden Hue
Who would have dreamt in such a vast sand oasis
A castle worthy of an ancient throne, such an art in carven work of stone
Construction of the Fort
An apt description of the Jaisalmer fort, one of the finest in the country but one which looks rather incongruous given the desolation around it. Located bang in the middle of the Thar desert (literal meaning abode of the dead), it rises like a mirage from the sands, with its huge turrets pointing skywards. Built in 1156, Jaisalmer is that the second oldest of Rajasthan’s major forts when Chittorgarh. Constructed by Raja Jaisal, who was searching for a new capital as the earlier one Lodurva was too vulnerable to invasions, he built the fort and the city surrounding it, thus fulfilling Lord Krishna’s prophecy in the Mahabharata
Located on a Hilltop
Mounted atop Trikuta, the almost triangular triple-peaked hill, the fort rises like a sunbeam from the desert, 250 feet tall, and is strengthened by an imposing crenellated arenaceous rock wall thirty feet high. it’s as several as ninety nine bastions, ninety two of that were designed between 1633 and 1647 to be used as gun platforms. The view of the 99 bastions of the yellow sandstone fort, the desert citadel of Raja Jaisal, is spectacular to behold. The fortifications have grown exponentially over the centuries, and wells within the confines still provide a regular source of water to the fort.
Palaces of the Maharawals
Also, in front of the Chauhata Square lie the palaces of the Maharawals. Leading up to them may be a flight of marble steps flat-top by the Maharawal’s marble throne. nearby lies the five-storeyed Tazia (metal) Tower, with ornate design and Bengali-style roofs. The five-tiered structure was constructed by Muslim craftsmen who worked on the building. The outer defences of the stronghold are fortified by another high wall with a pathway running parallel to the first wall. on the far side the doorway is that the Ganesha pol, leading up to the Rang pol.
There was a time once everybody lived within the fort itself, protected by its huge ramparts. because the population of Jaisalmer enlarged, people started emigrating from inside the fort’s precincts from regarding the seventeenth century. However, even nowadays the fort may be a hive of activity, and you’ll witness a crosswise of the public living inside it as you travel through its winding streets and alleys.
Installation of a unique device
The fort also features a peculiar gadget hoisted on high of its ramparts. Since Met departments were briefly offer in those days, this was accustomed forecast the weather. each year in april a flag would be placed in its centre and, supported the direction within which it blew, the weather for the complete year was forecast. If it blew north it indicated famine, and if it went westward metal the grouping might rest assured that a fine monsoon was within the offing. could appear a small amount primitive these days however the system was most likely even as correct or inaccurate because the Met workplace today.
Jaisalmer Fort — A Marvel Built in Sandstone
Just as the Taj in Agra is price visiting on a full phase of the moon night, Jaisalmer fort by time of day could be a sight to lay eyes on, it’s all the romance and suspense of a Hitchcockian mystery. You half expect an invading army to march up to the castle, over its huge paved flagstones, whereas those defensive the fort shoot missiles at them from the ramparts. satisfy to mention the Jaisalmer fort is one among the marvels of Rajasthani design, significantly of the stone-carver’s art.
Evoking a vision of chivalry and valor, these havelis were designed by loaded merchants. notable for his or her intricately- carved facades, the craftsmanship of Jaisalmer’s Havelis gift an exquisite amalgam of Rajput design and Islamic art. Some of the famous havelis of Jaisalmer are :
Salim Singh ki Haveli
Salim Singh ki Haveli: The haveli or mansion was initially occupied by the influential Mehta family of Jaisalmer. It was built around 1815, possibly on the remains of an earlier building of the late 17th century. The building was commissioned by the then Prime Minister of Jaisalmer, Salim Singh, a man with a reputation for Machiavellian cunning. His father Diwan Swaroop Singh, also Prime Minister of Jaisalmer in his time, was murdered as a result of a palace intrigue when the young Salim was a mere dozen years old. Salim took it upon himself to avenge his father’s death. As soon as he came of age, Salim eliminated all of Jaisalmer’s courtiers, princes and hangers-on with such dexterity that he was appointed premier by Maharawal Mool Raj.
Salim built his eight storeyed pleasure palace and lived in it with his seven wives and two concubines. It is a magnificent monument with every structure carved with elaborate detailing. He demanded the best and got it; anything that did not please him was summarily rejected. The mansion boasts of 38 balconies, each with a different design. As you enter you are confronted by an imposing stone elephant, while the upper storeys of the building jut out proudly like a ship’s prow, which is why the haveli is also called the Jahazmahal or Ship’s Palace. The monument as a whole has the appearance of a great ocean liner, with a narrow base which widens at the top. It has a beautifully arched roof, topped with blue cupolas, and brackets in the form of peacocks.
As Salim Singh’s power grew so did his ambition, and he reckoned it was time he usurped the power of the maharwals themselves. He came up with a scheme to knock off the top two floors of the haveli and build a gateway from his house right upto the maharawal’s palace, but this proposal was nipped in the bud by the monarch himself. This incident marked an about-turn in his political fortunes for soon he was killed in one of the numerous court conspiracies he himself had encouraged for long. The Salim Singh saga was a classic illustration of the old maxim that ultimately ‘the schemer always falls into the pit which he digs for another’.
The haveli (mansion) was built circa 1885 for Diwan Mohata Nathmal, then Prime Minister of Jaisalmer. Designed by two Muslim brothers Hathi and Lulu, the haveli was ordered for Nathmal by the then maharawal Beri Sal. The sibling-architects worked in an unusual manner; each carved out one-half of the building developed according to the same plan. However, when the building was completed, the two sides turned out to be very dissimilar to each other though the haveli remains unsurpassed in Jaisalmer in terms of the quality of the work. Like the Salim Singh’s haveli (mentioned above), the entrance to Nathmal’s haveli is zealously guarded by stone elephants; and the entire façade is embellished with a slew of detailing – horses, elephants, soldiers, flowers and birds. There are also carvings of trains and bicycles, gadgets of the then new age which the artisans themselves had never seen but carved out of hearsay
The imposing Interiors of Haveli
Another extraordinary part about its construction is that the main chamber is carved out of rock and the entire frontage of the first floor is carved out of one solitary boulder. The interiors of the havelis are decorated by beautiful miniatures. The workmanship of Jaisalmer’s havelis is an amalgam of both Rajput architecture as well as Islamic art that was imported via the traders’ caravan through the desert
The 5 Patwa havelis were the first ones to occur in Jaisalmer and are best-known regionally because the Patwon-ki-haveli. the primary was created circa 1805 by a merchandiser known as Guman Chand Patwa and is that the biggest and also the most ostentatious. Patwa was a man of considerable means, and for his five sons he built the elaborate five-storeyed complex which reportedly took 50 years to finish. All 5 homes were created within the initial sixty years of the nineteenth century. The havelis are also known as the ‘mansion of brocade merchants’ as the family ostensibly dealt in threads of gold and silver used in embroidering dresses. However, they reportedly made their fortune elsewhere; through opium trade and by moneylending.
The Decor of Patwa Haveli
The unsung heroes as far as the Patwa mansions are concerned are the unnamed stone carvers who wielded the chisel with as much skill as a surgeon handles a scalpel. Every square inch of space has been carved exquisitely, with jali (latticed) friezes providing ventilation to the interiors as well as offering privacy to the women to look out without exposing themselves to Peeping Toms. The havelis are built in yellow sandstone with a different design on every window and arch. As you enter the haveli through its magnificent arched gateway, you come across its delicately carved yellow-brown frontage with as many as 60 balconies overlooking it. Another prominent haveli of Jaisalmer is the Nokhatmal haveli, which unlike the other mansions is a fairly recent addition to the city having been constructed only a few years ago.
Located 11km from Ajmer, consistent with Hindu mythology the city is that the creation of Lord Brahma – the Creator of the Universe. A temple dedicated to Brahma has been designed here.
Pushkar also hosts one of the foremost colourful cattle fairs within the country. Lakhs of visitors throng the Pushkar fair – a once-in-a-lifetime expertise that you simply won’t need to miss.
Situated on the perimeter of the desert and enclosed by hills on 3 sides, Pushkar is a set back city. a very important journey spot for Hindus, Pushkar is legendary for its lake. it’s believed that Lord Brahma started on a groundwork for a tranquil spot to perfom a yagna (ceremonial sacrifice) once a lotus fell from his hand. A lake sprang forth from the bottom at the spot wherever the lotus fell.
Another legend also links Pushkar to Brahma, however in a slightly completely different manner. A demon Vajra Nabh had become quite an nuisance for the people on Earth, and also the Creator of the Universe Brahma determined to place Associate in Nursing finish to him. Brahma floated right down to solid ground on his lotus and slew Vajra Nabh with a lotus blossom. The petals landed on the bottom and 3 stunning lakes gushed out of the bottom. Brahma then performed a yagna attended by all the gods and goddesses.
However, there’s a catch to the current story. Brahma’s mate Saraswati was busy elsewhere and couldn’t create it to the yagna. currently since the presence of a mate was crucial for the ceremony, Brahma maried a maiden referred to as Gayatri. Saraswati, like most wives, couldn’t abdomen her husband being purloined by some other person and promptly flew into a rage, cursing Brahma that he would never be adored at the other place apart from at Pushkar. because the curse took impact the instant it absolutely was verbalised and couldn’t be revoked, the Brahma temple in Pushkar is that the only 1 within the world wherever Brahma is adored, though His statues do exist in numerous elements of Republic of India.
Large accumulation of travel attractions, Pushkar is legendary for its picturesque sites similarly as over four hundred temples. the foremost vital of the temples is that the Brahma Temple (only temple of Lord Brahma, the creator, within the world). alternative vital temples square measure Savitri Temple, Mahadeva Temple, Rangji Temple, and Varaha Temple. Pushkar Lake is that the web site of annual holy bath on Kartik Purnima. Pushkar Bazaar is famous for its high vary of handicrafts. Another vital attraction within the town is Man Mahal designed by Raja Man Singh of Amber.
Attraction of Nag Pahar
Nag Pahar or the Snake Mountain stands as a divider between the lake and the city of Ajmer. The mountain is famous for Panch Kund and saint Agastya’s cave, and it is believed that Kalidas, the 4th century poet and playwright, composed Abhigyanam Shakuntalam, one of his finest works, here.
Pushkar-A Famous Pilgrimage Center
In olden days Pushkar was an important pilgrimmage for kings and emperors, and is believed to have had over 500 temples and more than 50 palaces. One of the most spectacular sights in Pushkar today is not during the day but by night. Pushkar lake is the venue for deepdan (offering of lamps) to the lake which comes alive with hundreds and thousands of tiny earthen lamps floated out into the dark waters, creating a breathtaking view.
Raja Man Singh of Amer built this little palace for himself for the times he would visit Ajmer and Pushkar along the banks of Pushkar lake. Currently it functions as a tourist bungalow run by the Rajasthan Tourism department. Near the palace is Pushkar palace, now a heritage hotel.
Sariska is Alwar’s own garden of paradise. Set in a wooded valley surrounded by barren hills, it is one of the most picturesque Tiger Reserves of Rajasthan. Sariska was declared a sanctuary in 1955, though it became the more distinguished Tiger Reserve in 1979. Three years later it became a National Park.
A Royal Hunting Reserve of Erstwhile Maharajas
As everywhere else, Sariska served as the hunting ground of the maharajas before it was ordained to become a sanctuary. After all, it was a part of Rajput gallantry to go on elaborate hunting sprees. But Sariska Tiger Reserve is a cut above the rest; not only is it a resort for thousands of birds and animals, there’s also something for architecture and archeology lovers as well. The ancient Kankwari Fort and several temples make a visit to Sariska even more exciting. A botanist, too, would be delighted to see the seasonal change in these deciduous forests. The spring sees a profusion of blooms all over the otherwise jagged hills, while summer makes it dry. Come monsoon, and the greens flare up once again. Cold airs make it lifeless once again, though there’s warmth enough for migratory birds fleeing from sub-zero temperatures.
The Colossal Fort
Right within the center of the park is Ranthambhore fort, a fastness in-built 994AD by Sapaldaksh Chauhana to thwart invasions by Persian invaders. The fort contains a nice legend to it. it’s aforesaid that 2 princes went on a boar hunt. They found one alright, however as shortly because the beast spied the pair he dove into a lake. The princes appealed to Lord Shiva to bring the boar out in order that they might kill it. Shiva in agreement, however on the condition that the princes would ought to build him a fort. Out came the boar to be killed, and therefore the 2 princes went forth and designed a fort.
The fort is found on a high drop-off encircled by jungles and contains a bloody history. within the 14th century, the fort became the location for the primary ever jauhar (self ritual killing by women) in Hindu history. Jauhar, put simply, meant that wives of Hindu warriors immolated themselves in an exceedingly large fire once confronted with defeat. All this happened throughout the reign of Raja Hammir Dev who was fighting the Persian forces. the women left behind within the fort came to grasp of Hammir?s death in battle and consequently determined to finish their lives. However, Hammir was greatly alive. On his come to the fort and learning concerning the jauhar, he headless himself before a sculpture of Shiva inside the fort.
Brijraj Bhawan Palace, a colonial vogue palace, set on the bank of watercourse Chambal, was incorporate the first nineties. The palace has giant spacious rooms that area unit tastily wrapped with antique furnishings. a remarkable feature of the palace is that the proven fact that most the rooms overlook the Chambal watercourse providing an stunning read of the mighty watercourse.
Umed Bhawan Palace is one amongst the foremost stunning palaces of Kota. inbuilt 1009 by Maharao Umed Singh II of Kota. This palace was designed by Sir Swinton Jacob who spent a few years in Rajasthan. the general style of the palace is European. there’s an Edwardian drawing area, a billiard saloon and a awfully well set out garden encompassing the palace. There are long corridors, yard and Italian marble floors.
Chambel Garden the luxurious inexperienced garden at Amar Niwas makes a stunning picnic spot. whereas fascinating the atmosphere of the place one will get pleasure from a boat ride. Maharao Madho Singh repository set within the recent palace, it homes a chic assortment of Rajput paintings of the Kota college, exquisite sculptures and different valuable antiques. The repository is that the entrepot of creative things utilized by the rulers of kota.
SAWAI MADHOPUR PLACE
Sawai Madhopur?s original name was simply Madhopur, until Raja Jai Singh II met the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. According to legend, Aurangzeb took on a military campaign in the Deccan and sought Jai Singh?s help in expanding his empire. Jai Singh conveniently declined. At this time Rajasthan was being ruled by the Emperor and Madhopur was directly under Delhi rule, the 14 year old Jai Singh being merely Aurangzeb?s vassal. After the battle Aurangzeb summoned the Rajput to Delhi to be tried for disobeying his royal command.
While the trial was in progress and just as the Emperor was about to have Jai Singh sent to the gallows, Aurangzeb held the teenaged raja?s hand. Upon this Jai Singh declared that since the Emperor had taken his hand as a groom takes his wife?s, he was under the direct protection of the Emperor. Jai Singh?s wit impressed Aurangzeb so much that he forgave the little king for his folly and conferred upon him the title of sawai (one and a quarter). Since then the rulers of Jaipur have flown two flags ? one full and the other quarter ? as a symbol to this title.
Sawai Madhopur makes a good place to stay for excursions into the Ranthambore National Park.
Ranthambhore forest is of tropical dry deciduous type further classified as Dhok climax forest because of the predominance of Dhok (Anogeissus pendulla) found nearly everywhere. Dhok is an extremely hardy tree, capable of withstanding prolonged droughts. The leaf of this tree is good fodder and they are browsed by herbivores, and form a significant part of their diet. Even the dry, fallen leaves, eaten by them, are rich source of nutrition.
The lakes abound with aquatic vegetation including Duckweed, lilies and lotus. A haven for a multitude of wild animals, the Park boasts of playing host to tigers, leopards, the elusive hyenas, sloth bears, wild boars, crocodiles and so on. Besides, there are over 300 species of birds, from the majestic Crested Serpent Eagle to the exotic Golden Oriole.
Tiger, at the apex of the food chain, lord over the kingdom in a subtle way. Solitary by nature, it operates in stealth. Therefore tiger sightings, frequent as they are, are always a matter of chance. However, even evidences of tiger’s activities are very exciting.
Ranthambhore is also very rich in bird life with over 300 species of birds. In fact, for a keen bird-watcher Ranthambhore and its surrounding areas are paradise. Birds like Greylag geese, Bar headed geese, Painted stork, Pochards, Gadwall, Mallard, Tawny Eagle, Greater and Lesser Spotted Eagle, the rare Black Eagle, Greater and Lesser Flamingos and many more are regular winter migrants which come from their nesting grounds north of Himalayas to Ranthambhore and surrounding areas.
During summers also there are many migratory species of birds that come to this region from southern parts of India and Srilanka. Such species include Indian Pitta, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Painted Snipe, Common Hawk Cuckoo (or Brain Fever Bird) and Golden Oriole.
Besides Tiger, there are many other animals to observe, understand and enjoy, Elegant and graceful Spotted Deer, huge Sambar, Crocodiles basking around the banks of the lakes, Vultures soaring in the sky, Crested Serpent Eagle scanning the ground from its perch or the kaleidoscope of waterfowls at the pools are all the interest for a visitor with sensitivity.
Bikaner Fair & Festival
Bikaner’s cultural heritage is essentially indigenous as the harsh topography and climate makes frequent cultural intercourse with neighbouring regions difficult. But, despite the hardship, the people have developed a spontaneous capacity to happily observe festive occasions. The festivals celebrated in Bikaner are Shitla Ashthmi, Gangaur, Navratri, Ram Navmi, Akshya Tritya, Sawni Teej, Bhadva Teej, Deepawali, Makar Sankranti and Holi. Kolayat fair, Shivbari fair, Jetha Bhutta fair, Ramdeoji Fair, Dusshera fair are the main melas. Most of them are celebrated all over the country, and we shall restrict ourselves to discussing those events which are exclusive to Bikaner.
The two main fairs which are exclusive to the the city of Bikaner are the Akshya Tritya Fair and the Camel Fair which is renowned all over Rajasthan
- Akshya Tritya: The fair is the foundation day of Bikaner, it naturally has special significance in the erstwhile state. On both the days of Dwitia and Tritia, (literally meaning second and third) a pudding of wheat, moth and bajra (millet) is cooked in the households of Bikaner. A syrup of tartaric and jaggery is made. Ghee (clarified butter) is served with the food. Being an auspicious day, students are made to worship their slates (writing boards) and take earthern vessels filled with potable water for going to school. and while all over India kites are flown on MakarSankranti, in Bikaner they crowd the skies on Akshya Tritya day.
- Camel Fair: Bikaner is really camel country, with the city famous for its bestriding humped creatures all over the world. The camel fair is a dazzling spectacle of camel perfomances held every year in January. Should not be missed if you are in the area, it is an experience to remember. Camel races, camel acrobatics, camel dances and even a camel milking competition are part of the festivities. The next fair will be around 20-21 January 2000.
Pushkar Fair & Festival
A massive cattle fair occurs in October and November around the lake which is also famous for its crocodiles – which, simply put, means that if you get in you might not get out! The Pushkar Fair, as the cattle fair is commonly known, attracts thousands of people from all over the country who come to trade and watch cart and camel races. A full moon means its time to take a holy dip in the lake in places where the crocs aren’t around. The `loading of the camel’ is a very popular event in which a camel is made to sit down while as many riders as is possible – plus a few more – happily climb onto the poor animal and go for a ride. Camel polo is another hit with the people, although its technique and expertise would embarass any decent horse polo buff.
Each year during Kartik Purnima around 200,000 people flock to Pushkar for the camel Fair, with 50,000 camels and cattle accompanying them. For livestock traders, this is a pretty serious affair, and many travel hundreds of kilometers with the sole intention of getting a good price for their cattle. While the fair is in progress, a mini tent city springs up near the lake, seemingly appearing out of nowhere and disappearing as soon as the festival ends, only to reappear a year later.
When the fair draws to a close and everyone gets going home, a strange wailing sound fills the orange evening. These are the wails of camel mothers separated from their young ones who have been sold off and who they shall never see again. A truly heart wrenching finalé to one of the most popular fairs in Rajasthan.
Bundi Fair & Festival
The town comes alive during the festival of Teej, celebrated here with a different fervour. Unlike the normal Teej, the people of Bundi celebrate it on a different day and month altogether. A heavily decorated palanquin led by a huge procession starts from the Nawal Sagar lake, winding its way through the town and culiminating at Azad park. Here Teej celebrations carry on for eight days, ending with Janmashtmi, the birthday of Krishna. People from Ajmer, Kota and Jhalawar converge in Bundi during this festival with cultural activities and little fairs, making it an exciting time to visit.
Main Jain Pilgrimage Center
The town of Sri Mahavirji is one the most popular Jain pilgrimages in India for here is one of the holiest Jain temples in Rajasthan. The Shri Mahavirji temple on the banks of the river Gambhir was built in white marble in honour of Mahavira, the 24th Jain saint. The temple has a nice legend attached to it. The story goes that a couple of centuries ago there was a cow which would leave home in the morning and return in the evening. Nothing wrong with that, but when it did come home its uddurs would be empty. To solve this mystery, the cow’s owners son followed it one day and discovered that the animal stopped at a particular stop and emptied itself of all the milk it had. Intrigued, the cowherd began to dig at this spot and discovered a statue of Mahavir.
Rajasthan is a land where nature has posed many struggles and inhibitions before the people of Rajasthan People of Rajasthan offset these travails and add zest to their life using vibrant colors and festivals. Festivals here performed with elaborate rituals, extravaganza and merry which gives respite to Rajasthani people from their humdrum.
There are animal fairs, religious fairs apart from the seasonal fairs. Besides this government of Rajasthan too organize fests time to time. Most of the fest and fairs entail elaborate processions involving elephants or camels with women and men performing folk dances in the lilting rhythm of folk songs.
Kite Festival (Jaipur January)
Kite festival is organized evey year on Makar Sakranti ie 14th January in Jaipur .Though Makar Sankranti is a national festival , but the enthusiasm witnessed in Jaipur is unparalleled .On this day sky is smothered with kites and environment is echoed by the shouts of ‘Woh kata woh Mara’ . Kite Festival is a 3 day celebration .The inaugural ceremony entails an extravaganza by Air Force helicopters showing acrobats and releasing kites from the sky. Kite flyers from all over the world assemble in the Polo ground of Jaipur and indulge in kite fighting on day 2. On the final day a sober display of bright and beautiful kites in amazing shapes and sizes is carried out.
This fair is organized in Nagaur in the month of January or February , it is basically a cattle fair but tourists come and enjoy the four days of gaiety .Tourists also enjoy local sports like cock fighting and bull fights.
This is organized ever year in the months of January and February .it is basically a religious festival celebrated by the tribals of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.This fair entails worshipping of Lord Shiva along with the regular festivity and glee of the fairs.
Desert Festival on the golden sands of Jaisalmer brings alive the stark desert. Organized in January -February by the tourism department of India, this festival is immensely popular among tourists. A gala of folk dance , music and ecstasy take you to some different world. Tourists relish the turban tying competition and tug of war .This festival gives an opportunity to explore the traditional Rajasthan.
Elephant Festival,Jaipur (March-April)
A festival to celebrate Holi is organized in March around Holi in Jaipur. It is the best occasion to play the festival of color Holi and to watch the sports of elephants in their finery.
This festival is primarily a festival of women and girls. Spinsters worship Parvati consort of Lord Shiva for grooms of their choice. While married women worship for the long life of their husbands. This festival runs for 18 days and culminates in a grand procession .
Mewar Festival,Udaipur (March-April)
This festival welcomes the season of spring. It coincides the festival of Gangaur . Women dress up in their best and participate in the festival. They also dress the images of Isar and Gangaur and carry the procession to different parts of city. The festival culminates with an impressive fireworks display.
Urs Ajmer Sharif
Held in the holy town of Ajmer in honour of the Sufi saint, Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti. This festival brings the people of all faiths and religion together.Special prayers are offered at the mosque, and huge amounts of consecrated food offered from the large, steaming cauldron. Whole of Ajmer is decorated with light. Qawalis are sung at the night and the environment plunges into pure festivity.
Organised in Mt Abu , the only hillstation of Rajasthan, this festival gives a respite from the heat of plains. Folk dances and gaiety overwhelm this tiny hill resort which tourists enjoy in the serene valleys of Abu.
Teej, Jaipur (July-August)
A festival to mark the advent of monsoon. Processions , gaiety, swings and fun prevail over the city. Women make a lot of merriment in this season and flock together for shopping .
Pushkar Fair,Ajmer (November): Pushkar fair is organized in the month of November every year. This fair is organized around Kartik Purnima when Hindus bathe in the Pushkar lake. Pushkar fair is well-known for it’s Camel trading and other attractive activities. Bazaars,auctions,music and sports are center of this event.