Vrindavan 15 Km. north of Mathura on the same bank of Yamuna, lies the celebrated town of Vrindavan, almost as closely associated with Krishna as Mathura itself. Indeed one hardly speak of Vrindavan alone to; the devout Hindu. Mathura-Vrindavan can not a unified image of untold beauty and religious sanctify.
What is comparatively a matter of detail is that Vrindavan is believed to have been the stage on which Krishna performed his famous romantic and sportive roles. Unlike busy Mathura. Vrindavan seems perpetually to be dreaming and imaginatively, re-living its romantic past.
There are hundred of shrines in the town, as also numerous ghats and several sacred tanks, of which one called Brahama kund and another named Govinda kund are the most highly venerated. The most famous as well as the finest temple in Vrindavan is that of Govinda Deva, dating from 1590.
It is a huge, Cruciform, Vaulted building of red sandstone with a nave 30Mt.(100Ft.) in height and breadth the wall is 3 Mt.(10Ft.) thick on an average and is built in two stage. The upper being a regular triforium.
The city of Allahabad is among the largest cities of uttar Pradesh and situated at the confluence of three rivers- Gana, Yamuna and the invisible Saraswati. The meeting point is known as Triveni and is especially sacred to Hindus. The earlier setlemets of the Aryans were established in this city, then known as Prayag” Prayagasya Praveshshu Papam Nashwati Tatkshanam. All sins arre cleaned with entry in Prayag ( the ancient name of modern time Allahabad) PRAYAG is one of the historic & mythological cities of India with glorious past and present. It continues to enjoy the distinction of being a place of haunting and lasting meories. It is a city of mixed culture of Hindu,Muslims, Jains and Christans.
Its sanctity is manifest by references to it in Purans, the Ramayan and the Mahabharata. According to Hindu Mythology, Lord Brahma, the creator God of the Trinity, chose a land on earth(ie Prayag) to perform ‘Prakrista Yag’, at the beginning of the creation and he also refereed to it as Tirth raj or the King of all piligrimage centres’ As per writing of ‘Padam Puran’ – “As the sun is amongst the moon and the moon amongst the stars, likewise ‘Prayag is best amongst all places of pilgrimage”
The bathing at Prayag is mentioned in Brahma Puran s “ in the month of Magha at the bank of Ganga Yamuna in Prayag bestows results of millions and millions of Ashvmedha Yajna”
Prayag is birth place of Som, Varuna and Prjapati. Prayag has been associated with mythological personalites in Brahmanical(Vedic) and Buddhist Literatures. It was the seat of the great sge Bhardwaj, sage Durvasa and Sage Pannas sage Bhardwaj lived here circa 5000BC anf taught more than 10000 disciples. He was the greatest philospher of ancient world.
The Present Jhunsi area cery close to sangam was the kingdom of Chandrabanshiya ( lunar clan ) king Pururava. Nearby Kaushambi bloomed to prosperety during Vatsa and Maurya Rule. The earliest monument of antiques Ashok Piller with incriptions of third century B.C. cears the incriptions of his directions to his fellow rajas and praise of King Samudragupta. The Chinese traveler Huan Tsang in 643 BC found Prayag inhabited by many Hindus who regarded the place very Holy.
1575 AD Emperor Akbar fonded the city in by the name of “ ILLAHABAS” which has now become ALLAHABAD meant “ The City of Allaha” impressed with the strategic importance of the SANGAM. In medieval India the city enjoyed the honour of being the religio-cultural center of India. For a long time it was Provincial capital of the Mughals. Later it was captured by Marathas.
1801 AD British History of the city begun in this year when the Nawab of Oudh ceded it to the British Throne. British army used the fort for their miletary purposes.
1857 AD The town was the centre of war of Independence and later became the crucible of Indian Freedom Movment against British.
1858 AD The East India Company officially handed over India to British Goverenment here at Minto Park After the first war of independence the town was named “ALLAHABAD” and was made the capital of United Provience of Agra and Oudh.
1868 AD it become a seat of Justice wjen Allahabd High Court was established.
1871 AD British architect Sir William Emerson erected a majestic monument All Saint Cathdral thirty years before he designed the Victoria Memorial in Kolkkata.
1887 AD Allahabad become the fourth oldest University. Allahabad has been rich in numerous Victorian and Georgian buildings made in synthesis with Indian architectural tradions.
This city was the heart of the indian Freedom Movement against the British rule with Anand Bhawan being the epicentre, It was in Allahabad the Mahatama Gandhi proposed his program of non-violent resistance to liberate India. Allahabad has provided the largest number of prime ministers of Post independence India Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, V.P.Singh. Former Prime Minister Chandreshekhra was student of Allahabad university.
From the days of civilization Allahabd has been seat of learning, wisdom and writing. It is the most vibrant politically spritually consious and spritually awakened city of India.
Agra is the one of the prominent destinations of the World Tourism map with three heritage monuments – The Taj Mahal, Red Fort & Fatehpur Sikri. It is more just a dacadent city of graveyards and stones, but it is a vibrant centre of Culture, Art and Religious philosphies that have enriched mankind and shaped humen thought over centuries.
A pleasant town with comparatively slow pace, Agra is known for its superb inlay work on marble and soastone by craftsman who are descendant of those who worked under the Mughals. The city is also famous for its carpets, gold thread embroidery and leather shoes.
Agra was once the capital of the Mughal empire and even today it seems to linger in the past . Not surprising , for the Mughal emperors with their passion for building, endowed the city with some of the finest structures in the world . It is very easy to slip away here through the centuries into the grandeur and intrigues of the Mughal court .
Agra is an old city and it is said that its name was derived from Agrabana, a forest that finds mention in the epic Mahabharata.
In more recent times Agra came into prominence when Sikandar Lodi made it his capital city in 1501 . The Lodi rule was to end very soon and Agra passed into the possession of the Mughals .
It was during the time of the third emperor Akbar that Agra came into its own . He embarked on the construction of the massive Agra Fort in 1565. Though Akbar was diverted into building a new capital at Fatehpur sikri not far away.
Agra continued to retain its importance and Shah Jehan, Akbar’s garndson ornamented the city with that masterpiece of Mughal architecture – the Taj Mahal and built several other beautiful buildings within the Agra fort.
This lovely creation of affection is one in every of the Seven Wonders of the planet . it had been designed by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan because the final resting place for his favorite Queen, Mumtaz. Finished in by marble, it’s maybe Asian nation most fascinating and delightful monument. It took twenty two years to designed this marvelous stone creation and was completed in 1653 A.D. The mausoleum the bank of the Yamuna watercourse. The mausoleum has been designed on a Marvel Platform that stands on top of a arenaceous rock one. the foremost elegant dome of the Taj, with diameter of sixty feet, rises eighty feet, over the building and directly beneath the dome is that the grave of Mumtaz Mahal. shah Jahan’s grave has been erected next to her by his son Aurangzeb. Fantastic Inlay works using semi-precious stones beautify and interiors.
The great Mughal Emperor Akbar commissioned the development of the agra Fort in 1565 A.D., though additions were created until the time of his grandchild Shah Jahan. The forbidding exteriors of this fort height associate inner pardise. The fort is crescent formed, planate on the east with a long, nearly straight wall facing the stream. it’s a complete perimeter of two.4 k.m., and is ringed by double castled ramparts of red arenaceous rock punctuated at regular intervals by bastions. A 9 mt. wide and ten mt. deep fosse surround the outer wall. There square measure range of exquisite building just like the Moti Masjid-a white marvel house of God equivalent to an ideal pearl, Diwan-e-Am, Diwan-e-Khaas, Jehangir’s Palace, Khaas Mahal, Shish Mahal and Musamman or Samman Burj-where Shahjahan was control captive in 1666 A.D.
The mausolumn of emperor Akbar represent his philosphy and laic outlook, combining the most effective of Hindu and Muslim architectures in a very superlative region. Completed in 1613 A.D. by his son Jahangir, it’s one in every of the well preserved monuments. this is often the last resting place of the Mughal Empror Akbar.The mausolumn of emperor Akbar represent his philosphy and laic outlook, combining the most effective of Hindu and Muslim architectures in a very superlative region. Completed in 1613 A.D. by his son Jahangir, it’s one in every of the well preserved monuments. this is often the last resting place of the Mughal Empror Akbar.
It is the tomb of Mirza Ghyas Beg, a persian who had obtained service in Akbar Court . The Marvel tomb was made by Emperor Jehangir’s Queen, Noorjahan, for his father Mirza Ghyas Beg during 1622-1628 A.D. The Craftmanship at Itmad-ud-Daulah foreshadows that of the Taj Mahal. It was here that.
“Pietra Dura”-the inlay work on marble-so characteristic of the Taj-was initial used.
It is an epic in red sandstone. A city of yesteryear, today lost in the mists of time. Fatehpur Sikri was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar during 1564 A.D.. Mughal Emperor Akbar had no heir. He visited holy men to enlist their prayers for his son. When he visited sheik salim Chishti who was living at the village of Sikri the saint expected the emperor that he would be endued with a son. once is son was born, he’s feeling, made his capital town and named it Fatehpur Sikri. Later, because of sortage of water and unrest in North-West, Akbar needs to abandon this town. the gorgeous marvel topographic point of sheik salim Chishti still attract thousands who get blessings of the revered saint. alternative celebrated places are Dewane-e-Am, Dewane-e-Khaas, Buland Darwaja, Panch Mahal, Jodha Tibeto-Burman Palace and Birbal Bhawan. Fatehpur Sikri is concerning thirty-nine K.M. from Agra.
The ancient city of Ayodhya, according to the Ramayana, was founded by Manu, the law-giver of the Hindus. For centuries it was the capital of the decendants of the Surya Vansh of which Lord Rama was the most celebrated king.
Ayodhya during ancient times was known as Kosaldesha. The Atharvaveda describes it as “a city built by gods and being as prosperous as paradise itself”.
The illustrious ruling dynasty of this region were the lkshvakus of the Surya Vash. Accoridng to tradition lkshvaku was the eldest son of Vaivasvata Manu, who established himself at Ayodhya.
The earth is said to have derived its name ‘Prithvi’ from Prithu, the 6th king of the line. A few generations later came Masndhatri, in whose line the 31st king was Harishchandra, known idely for him live for truith.
Raja Sagar of the same clan performed the ashvamedha yajna and his great grandson bhagirath is reputed to have brought ganga on earth by virtue of his penances. later in the time came the great raghu after whome the family came to be called as raghu vansh .
His grandson was Raja Dasharatha the illustrious father of lord rama with whome the glory of the dynasty reached its zenith.
Jhansi was a stronghold of the Chandela kings. Balwant Nagar was the name of this place. But in 11th. century Jhansi lost its importance. In 17th. century under Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha Jhansi again rose to prominence. Raja Bir Singh Deo had good relations with the mughal emperor Jehangir. In 1613 Raja Bir Singh Deo constructed the Jhansi fort. He died in 1627. After his death his son Juhar Singh succeeded him.
Maharaja Chattrasal Bundela of Panna was a good administrator and a brave warrior. In 1729 Mohammed Khan Bangash attacked Chattrasal. Peshwa Baji Rao(I ) helped Maharaja Chattrasal and defeated mughal army. As a mark of gratitude Maharaja Chattrasal offered a part of his state to Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao(I). Jhansi was also included in this part.
In 1742 Naroshanker was made the subedar of Jhansi. During his tenure of 15 years he not only extended the Jhansi fort which was of strategic importance but also constructed some other buildings. The extended part of the fort is called Shankergarh. In 1757 Naroshanker was called back by the Peshwa. After him Madhav Govind Kakirde and then Babulal Kanahai were made the subedars of Jhansi.
In 1766 Vishwas Rao Laxman was made the subedar of Jhansi. His period was from 1766 to 1769. After him Raghunath Rao (II) Newalkar was appointed the subedar of Jhansi. He was a very able administrator. He increased the revenue of the state. The MahaLakshmi Temple and the Raghunath Temple were built by him. For his own residence he constructed a beautiful building Rani Mahal in the city. In 1796 Raghunath Rao passed the subedari in favour of his brother ShivRao Hari.
Mathura widely known as birth place of lord Krishna is located on the western bank of river Yamuna at latitude 27degree 41 Minute N and 77Degree and 41 Minuet E. It is 145 Km south-east of Delhi and 58 Km north west of Agra in the State of Uttar Pradesh. For about 3000 Year it was the hub of culture and civilization.
Held in sanctity by the Buddhists, Jain and Brahmanical faith alike, it has a long and chequered history. One of the Sapta Mahapuris, it was ruled in turns by the kings of Solar and Lunar dynasties and became a center of three Cultures India Indo-Scythian and Hellenstic.
For are creation Mathura is the Athens of India. The great school of sculpture known as Mathura school of Art flourished here for 1200 Years. Such proliflic creativety and gushing devotion to novel Art Forms and experi-ment in sculptures and clay figurines as found in this school are rare in the annals of indian Art History. A survey of this glorious School of Art can be made in the Government Museum, Mathura.
The present day Mathura abounds in Place of Religious and Historic Interest, All round the year A large number of Festival and fairs are held in Matura and adjoining areas of Vrindavan Gokul, Brazen and Goverdhan The rascal of Brij is thematically the basis of many performing Arts.
Welcome at “THE HOLY CITY VARANASI”. Varanasi, or Banaras, (also known as Kashi) is one of the oldest living cities in the world. Varanasi`s Prominence in Hindu mythology is virtually unrivalled. Mark Twain, the English author and literateur, who was enthralled by the legend and sanctity of Banaras, once wrote : “Banaras is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend and looks twice as old as all of them put together”. According to the ‘Vamana Purana’, the Varuna and Assi rivers originated from the body of the primordial Person at the beginning of time itself. The tract of land lying between them is believed to be ‘Varanasi’, the holiest of all pilgrimages.
The word ‘Kashi’ originated from the word ‘Kas’ which means to shine. Steeped in tradition and mythological legacy, Kashi is the ‘orignal ground ‘ created by Shiva and parvati, upon which they stood At the beginning of time. Varanasi is the microcosm of Hinduism, a city of traditional classical culture, Glorified by myth and legend and sanctified by religion, it has always attracted a larg number of pilgrims And worshippers from time immemorial.To be in Varanasi is an experience in itself…. An experience in Self –discovery… an ethereal oneness of the body and soul.
To every visitor; varanasi offers a breathtaking experience. The rays of the dawn shimmering across the ganges… the high-banks ; the temples and shrines along the banks bathed in a golden hue …soul stirring hymns and mantras alongwith the fragrance of incense filling the air…and the refreshing dip in the holy waters gently splashing at the Ghats. Varanasi – The land where experience and discovery reach the ultimate bliss.
Varanasi is also renowned for its rich tapestry of music, arts, crafts and education. Some of the world – renowned exponents India has produced in these fields were schooled in Varanasi’s cultural ethos. Luminaries apart, Varanasi abounds in the art of silk weaving, an exotic work of art which manifests itself in precious Banarasi silk sarees and silk brocades which are cherished as collector’s items across the world today.
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